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Volume-6 Issue 5: Published on October 10, 2016
05
Volume-6 Issue 5: Published on October 10, 2016

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Volume-6 Issue-5, October 2016, ISSN:  2278-3075 (Online)
Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering & Sciences Publication Pvt. Ltd. 

Page No.

1.

Authors:

Sanjay Hindurao Dabhole, Richa Verma

Paper Title:

Optimal Design of Update and Predictions of Adaptive Directional Lifting based on CDF9/7 or SPL 5/3 forlossy to lossless Image Compression

Abstract:  In this paper we introduce an adaptive local pdf estimation strategy for the construction of Generalized Lifting (GL) mappings in the wavelet domain. Our approach consists in trying to estimate the local pdf of the wavelet coefficients conditioned to a context formed by neighboring coefficients. To this end, we search in a small causal window for similar contexts. Further, this strategy modified to new adaptive lifting scheme that not only locally adapts the filtering directions to the orientations of image features, but also adapts the lifting filters to the statistic properties of image signal. The proposed approach refines previous adaptive directional lifting-based wavelet transform (ADL) by combining directional lifting and adaptive lifting filters to form a unified framework. The prediction step is designed to minimize the prediction error of the image signal, and the update step is designed to minimize the reconstruction error. Experimental results show that the proposed ADL-based on CDF9/7 or SPL 5/3 wavelet transform for image coding outperforms the conventional lifting-based wavelet transform up to 4.12 dB in PSNR and significant improvement in subjective quality is also observed. Compared with the previous ADL approach, up to 1.08 dB improvement in PSNR is reported.

Keywords:
 Adaptive Directional Lifting, Cohen–Daubechies–Feauveau 9/7 Generalized Lifting, spine5/3.


References:

1.       G.Wallace, “The JPEG still picture compression standard”, IEEE TCE, 38, 2012.
2.       I. Daubechies, W. Sweldens, 2012, “Factoring wavelet into lifting steps”, J. Fourier Anal. in    Proceedings of Advanced  Concepts for Intelligent Vision Systems Wavelets  By K.P.       Soman, K.I. Ramachandran, N.G. Resmi, Third Edition, PHI Publication,  ISBN: 978-81-203-4053-4

3.       O.Strome et al, 2013, “Study of wavelet decompositions for image compressionby software codecs”, IEEE, pp.125–132.

4.       N.V. Boulgouris, DimitriosTzavaras and Michael Gerassiomos Strintzis, 2011, “Lossless image compression based On Optimal   prediction, adaptive lifting and         Conditional arithmetic coding”, IEEE Transaction on Image Proc., Vol.10 (1), pp.1–14.

5.       Omer N.Gerek and Enis Cetin. A,(2013) ,” A 2-DOrientation Adaptive Prediction Filter in Lifting Structures for Image Coding”,IEEE Transactions on Image Proc., vol.15, pp.106- 111

6.       ÖmerNezihGerek, A.Enisçetin, 2010, “Adaptive polyphase decomposition structure for                image compression”, IEEE Trans. OnImage Processing, Vol.9 (10).

7.       Piella G.andHeijmans, H. J. A. M. ( July. 2012) “Adaptive lifting  Schemes with perfect reconstruction,” IEEE Transactions on Sign Processing, vol. 50, no. 7, pp 1620– 1630,.

8.       R.L. Caypoole, G.M. Davis, W. Sweldens, and R.Gboranuk, 2013,  “Nonlinear wavelet transforms for image coding via lifting”, IEEE Trans. on Image Processing, Vol.12,pp.1149–1459.

9.       Said A. and William A. Pearlman.,(2009), “A New, Fast Efficient Image Codec Based Set Partitioning Hierarchical Trees”, IEEE Transaction on Circuit and Systems for Video Technology,vol.6 No.3,pp 243-250

10.    Sanjay H. Dabhole, , Johan Potgieter, An efficient modified structure of cdf 9/7 wavelet based on adaptive lifting with spiht for lossyto lossless image compression. IEEE explore digital library of Signal Processing, Image Processing and Pattern Recognition -2012.

11.    Sanjay H. Dabhole, Johan Potgieter, Performance evaluation of traditional and adaptive lifting based wavelets with spiht for      lossy Image compression, IEEE explore digital library  of Signal Processing, Image Processing and Pattern Recognition-2012.

12.    Second Generation Wavelets and applications by marten H. Jansen, Patrick J. Oonincx, Springer Publication, 2010. ISBN: 1849969582, 9781849969581.

13.    ShaoyuZheng, Fang Xu, Deqing Wang (2009) “An Improved Adaptive Lifting Scheme Combining Gradient Operator for Image Coding 1st International conference on information science and engineering vol.1, pp-1133-1136.

14.    Sweldens, W. (1996)“The lifting scheme: A custom-design construction of biorthogonal wavelets,” Applied and computational Harmonic Analysis” vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 186–200

15.    The Essential Guide to Image Processing By Alan Conrad Bovik, Elsevier Inc. Publication, ISBN: 978-0-12-374457-9

16.    W. Sweldens, 1997, “The lifting scheme: A construction of second generation wavelets”, SIAM J. Math. Anal.,Vol.29 (2),    pp.511–546.

17.    Wavelets and Filter Banks by Gilbert Strang, Truong Nguyen, Wellesley-Cambridge Press, ISDN: 0-9614088-7-1

18.    Xiaoyuan Yang, Zhipin Zhu, Bo Yang,(2008) "Adaptive Lifting Scheme forImage Compression, Fifth International Conference on Fuzzy  Systems and Knowledge Discovery, vol. 1, pp.547-551

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2.

Authors:

M.El Mamy. M. Mahmoud, Ahmed. Yahfdhou, O.H. Lemrabott, Chighali Ehssein, Abdel Kader. Mahmoud, I. Youm

Paper Title:

Photovoltaic Pumping System for Application to Sites in Mauritania

Abstract:   In Sahelian countries, using the solar pump can be technically and economically effective. Therefore, in the aim of integrating the solar pumping in targeted communities, three locations were selected in Rosso, which is the regional capital of Trarza Province. The localities of these sites will benefit from the pumping system, once developed. It is important to note that the solar pumping is important to the targeted areas, as a simple technic that involves pumping water under the sun and works only with the sun. At night, the pump does not work, but the water can be stored in a tank at a height (H), for use as needed. In practice, two sensors are installed, one avoids dry running of the pump and the other prevents tank overflow. The proposed pilot photovoltaic pumping system for the study is the ISET of Rosso (Higher Institute for Technological Studies). Hence, two sites were created on that basis, one at Bameira village and the second at Entvachit. In this context, we are studying first, the characteristics of the photovoltaic generator through mathematical models and simulations of its parameters by MATLAB. Secondly, we offer simulations, using the software "KaleidaGraph" to confirm the electric models of the system under actual operating conditions that require different parameters which characterize the water point, as the depth of the water point, the flow rate etc.... Likewise, as our pumping system test is the one of the ISET of Rosso. It consists of an artificial lake with depths between 1 and 5 m. To keep this depth (HMT = level difference + the sum of the head losses), we proceed to winnowing using the faucet, installed at the outlet of the discharge pipe. Thus, the following winnowing, as it is long or less, has a direct impact on the pump performance (power consumption, yield.... Thus, we propose to show through this work, the influence of the control valve on the different performance of our integrated solar pump in the solar pumping system, under climatic conditions in Trarza  (Mauritania).

Keywords:
Mauritania, Photovoltaic, Pumping, Matlab, KaleidaGraph, Winnowing.


References:

1.       Abdourraziq Sarah, Modeling of a photovoltaic pumping system using centrifugal pump and DC motor, 1Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah University, LESSI Lab FSDM, REEPER Group, EST, Fez, MOROCCO, 2013.
2.       Ahmed M. Yahya, Behavior and performance of a photovoltaic generator in real time, International Journal of the Physical Sciences Vol. 6(1 8), pp. 4361 -4367, 9 September, 201 1

3.       Ami Shukla1, Modeling and Simulation of Solar PV Module on MATLAB/Simulink, Lakshmi Narain College of Technology, Bhopal, India1, 2015.

4.       A.Yahfdhou, A.Mahmoud, I.Youm. Modeling and optimization of photovoltaic generator with Matlab/Simulink, International Journal of I Tech and E Engineering 3(4), pp. 108-111, 2013.

5.       B. Bouzidi, Viability of solar or wind for water pumping systems in the Algerian Sahara regions – case study Adrar. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 2011.

6.       Ben Ghanem Belgacem. Performance of submersible PV water pumping systems in Tunisia, Energy for Sustainable Development, 2012.

7.       Bhavnesh Kumar, Performance analysis of a water pumping system supplied by a photovoltaic generator with different maximum power point tracking techniques, Songklanakarin J. Sci. Technol. Jan. - Feb. 2014.

8.       Bilal Gumus, Analysis of Induction Motor-pump System Supplied by a    Photovoltaic Generator for Agricultural Irrigation in Southeastern Anatolian Region of Turkey, JEET.201 5.

9.       C.K. Panigrahi,  Design and Modeling of Photovoltaic Water Pumping System   IJLTEMAS 2014

10.    H. Ammar, Influence de la variation de débit sur les performances d’une pompe solaire, Revue des Energies Renouvelables SIENR’12 Ghardaïa, 2012

11.    H. Mabrouk. Etude de la technique d’optimisation sur le système de pompage photovoltaïque au fil de soleil. Revue des Energies Renouvelables, 2014

12.    K. B. Rohit. Solar Water Pumping System, International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering, July 2013

13.    M. Benghanem. Performances of solar water pumping system using helical pump for a deep well: A case study for Madinah, Saudi Arabia. Energy Conversion and Management, 2013.

14.    Rakesh Kumar. Design and Simulation of Photovoltaic Water Pumping System, International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) 2012.

15.    Yahia Bakelli. Optimal sizing of photovoltaic pumping system with water tank storage using LPSP concept. Solar Energy, 2011.


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3.

Authors:

Khanh Nguyen Trong, Doanh Nguyen Ngoc

Paper Title:

Towards a Collaborative Integrated Development Environment for Novice Programmers

Abstract: Integrated Development Environments (IDEs) are one of the most used tools in many programming courses. However, they usually do not support the interaction and collaboration between learners and instructors. The aim of our research is to provide methods and frameworks facilitating the collaboration. The originality of our approach is to place courses, and also code sources at the center of collaboration. From this idea, we have designed and developed a collaborative IDE (CIDE). It is a type of web-based groupware containing common conventional collaborative tools (video-conferencing, instant messaging, and so on) and specific IDE dedicated to the programming practice (write code together, track change, versioning...). In this paper, we will present our collaborative IDE.

Keywords:
 Computer Support Collaborative Learning; CSCL; Collaborative and Interactive Programming; CSCW; Collaborative Integrated Development Environment; Collaborative learning.


References:

1.       Lahtinen E, Ala-Mutka K, et al. (2005). A Study of the Difficulties of Novice Programmers. 10th annual SIGCSE conference on Innovation and technology in computer science education ITiCSE '05.
2.       Tran, T.-T., 2013. The Causes of Passiveness in Learning of Vietnamese Students. VNU Journal of Education Research., vol 29., pp 72–84.

3.       Hai T. Tran, Hai H. Dang, Kha N. Do, Thu D. Tran, Vu Nguyen. An Interactive Web-based IDE Towards Teaching and Learning in Programming Courses

4.       D. Teague and P. Roe, “Collaborative learning - towards a solution for novice programmers,” Conf. Res. Pract. Inf. Technol. Ser., vol. 78, pp. 147–153, 2008.

5.       Kamrani, A. and Abouel Nasr, E.S. (2008) ‘Product design and development framework in collaborative engineering environment’, Int. J. of Computer Applications in
Technology, Vol. 32, No. 2, pp.85–94.

6.       Lewis, S. (2005) Eclipse Communication Framework, Eclipse Foundation, April, Available at http://www.eclipse.org/ecf/, Accessed January 12, 2013.

7.       D. McKinney and L.F. Denton, “Developing Collaborative Skills Early in the CS Curriculum in a Laboratory Environment”. SIGCSE 2006 Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education. Houston, Texas, USA.

8.       H. T. Tran, H. H. Dang, K. N. Do, T. D. Tran, and V. Nguyen, “An interactive Web-based IDE towards teaching and learning in programming courses,” Proc. 2013 IEEE Int. Conf. Teaching, Assess. Learn. Eng. TALE 2013, no. August, pp. 439–444, 2013.

9.       K. E. Boyer, A. A. Dwight,R. T. Fondren, M. A. Vouk, and J. C. Lester, “A development environment for distributed synchronous collaborative programming,” Proceedings of the 13th annual conference on Inno- vation and technology in computer science education, pp. 158–162, 2008.

10.    S. Salinger, C. Oezbek, K. Beecher, and J. Schenk, “Saros: an eclipse plug–in for distributed party programming,” Proceedings of the 2010 ICSE Workshop on Cooperative and Human Aspects of Software Engineering, pp. 48–55, 2010.

11.    M. Dutta, K. K. Sethi, and A. Khatri, “Web Based Integrated Development Environment,” Int. J. Innov. Technol. Explor. Eng., vol. 3, no. 10, pp. 56–60, 2014.

12.    Al-Ajlan A, Zedan H (2008) Why moodle. In: Proceedings of the 12th IEEE international workshop on future trends of distributed computing system (FTDCS’08), 58–64

13.    Dalsgarrd C (2006) Social software: e-learning beyond learning management systems. Eur J Open Distance E-Learn

14.    Biehl, J.T. Czerwinski, M. Smith, G. and Robertson, G.G. FASTDash: A visual dashboard for fostering awareness in software teams. In CHI, pages 1313–1322, SanJose, CA, USA, Apr. 2007.

15.    Schneider, K.A. Gutwin, C. Penner, R. and Paquette, D. Mining a Software Developer's Local Interaction History. MSR 2004, Edinburgh, 2004.

16.    Al-Ani,B.Trainer,E.Ripley,R.Sarma,A.Hoek,A. and Redmiles, D. Continuous coordination within the context of cooperative and human aspects of soft- ware engineering. In CHASE, pages 1–4, Leipzig, Germany, May 2008.

17.    Hattori, L. and Lanza, M. Syde: A tool for collaborative software development. In ICSE Tool Demo, pages 235– 238, Cape Town, South Africa, May 2010.

18.    Brun,Y. Holmes,R.Ernst,M.andNotkin,D.2011. Proactive detection of collaboration conflicts. In Proceedings of the 19th ACM SIGSOFT symposium and the 13th European conference on Foundations of software engineering (ESEC/FSE '11). ACM, New York, NY, USA, 168-178.

19.    Cheng,L.Hupfer,S.Ross,S.andPatterson,J.Jazzing up eclipse with collaborative tools. In 18th Annual ACM SIGPLAN Conference on Object-Oriented Programming, Systems, Languages, and Applications / Eclipse Technology Exchange Workshop, pages 102– 103, Anaheim, CA, 2003.


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4.

Authors:

Rena J. Kasumova, V. J. Mamedova, G.A. Safarova, N.V. Keriml

Paper Title:

On Increasing the Conversion Efficiency to Second-Harmonic for Undoped and Doped ZnO Nanocomposites

Abstract:  Theoretical investigation of frequency transformation for the case of pure ZnO films, ZnO: Ag (1.6 at.%) and ZnO: Cu (4.7 at.%) enables increasing conversion efficiency while taking phase effects into consideration. We will use the constant-intensity approximation of fundamental radiation. This analytical method also allows to approximately measure the maximum of second--harmonic intensity for the case of ZnO films with silver and copper impurities. We will analyze the parameters that restrict the efficiency of frequency conversion. We can calculate the coherent length of crystal converter at given pump intensity. These methods of investigation for second-harmonic generation in pure and doped ZnO films can be useful in the research area of other film.

Keywords:
nanocomposite film; dopant; second-harmonic generation method; constant-intensity approximation. PACS Number(s): 42.65.-k, 42.70.a, 42.70.Mp, 61.46. – w


References:

1.       M.C. Larciprete, D. Haertle, A. Belardini, M. Bertolotti, F. Sarto, and P.Güunter, Characterization of second and third order optical nonlinearities of ZnO sputtered films, Appl. Phys. B 82 (2006) 431–437.
2.       D.M. Bagnall, Y.F. Chen, Z. Zhu, and T. Yao, High temperature excitonic stimulated emission from ZnO epitaxial layers, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, (1998) 1038-1040.

3.       N. Bouchenak Khelladi, and N. E. Chabane Sari. Simulation study of optical transmission properties of ZnO thin film deposited on different substrates, American Journal of Optics and Photonics 1(1): (2013) 1-5.

4.       P. Samarasekara, and U. Wijesinghe, Optical properties od spin coated Cu doped ZnO nanocomposite films, GESJ: Physics 2(14) (2015) 41-50; R. R. Thankalekshmi, S. Dixit, and A. C. Rastogi, Doping sensitive optical scattering in zinc oxide nanostructured films for solar cells, Adv. Mat. Lett. 4(1) (2013) 9-14.

5.       D. Look, Recent advances in ZnO materials and devices, Materials Science and Engineering B, 80, (2001) 383-387.

6.       M.F.A. Alias, R.M. Aljarrah, H.Kh. Al-Lamy, and K.A.W. Adam, Investigation the effect of thickness on the structural and optical properties of nano ZnO films prepared by d.c. magnetron sputtering, IJAIEM, 2(7) (2013) 198-203; M.F.A. Alias, and Kh.M. Rashid, The influence of Cu concentration on optical properties for thin ZnO films prepared by pulse laser deposition, International Journal of Advanced Scientific and Technical Research Available (IJASTRA) 4 (4) (2014) 627-634.

7.       W.P. Shen, and H.S. Kwok, Crystalline phases of II-VI compound semiconductors grown by pulsed laser deposition, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65(17) (1994) 2161-2163.

8.       J.H. Jeon, S.Y. Jeong, C.R. Cho et al. Heteroepitaxial relation and optical properties of Cu-doped ZnO films grown by using laser deposition, J. of Korean Physical Society 54(2) (2009) 858-862.

9.       M. Bedir, M. Öztas, A.N. Yazici, and E.V. Kafadar, Characterization of undoped and Cu-doped ZnO thin films deposited on glass substrates by spray pyrolysis, Chinese Physics Letters 23(4) (2006) 939-942.

10.    S.H. Jeong, B.N. Park, S.B. Lee, and J.-H. Boo, Structural and optical properties of silver-doped zinc oxide sputtered films, Surf. Coat. Technol. 193 (2005) 340–344.

11.    R. K. Shukla, A. Srivastava, N. Kumar, A. Pandey, and M. Pandey, Journal of Nanotechnology (2015) Article ID 172864, 10 pages.

12.    Y.C. Yang, C. Song, X.H. Wang, F. Zeng, and F. Pan, Giant piezoelectric d33 coefficient in ferroelectric vanadium doped ZnO films, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92 (2008) 012907-1-012907-3.

13.    M. Öztas, and M. Bedir, Thickness dependence of structural, electrical and optical properties of sprayed ZnO: Cu films, Thin Solid Films 516 (2008) 1703-1709.

14.    M. Wu, W. Shih, and W. Tsai, Growth of ZnO thin films on interdigital transducer/corning 7059 glass substrate by two-step fabrication methods for surface acoustic wave applications, J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 31 (1998) 943-950.

15.    Hartmann, M.K. Puchert, and R.N. Lamb, Influence of Copper Dopants on the Resistivity of ZnO Films, Surface and Interface Analysis 24 (1996) 671-674.

16.    M.K. Puchert, A. Hartmann, and R.N. Lamb, J. Mater. Res. 11 (10) (1996) 2463- 2469.

17.    Jin-Bock Leea, Hye-Jung Leea, Soo-Hyung Seob, and Jin-Seok Parka, Formulation and characterization of Cu doped ZnO thick films as LPG gas sensor, International
Conference on Sensing Technology. Thin Solid Films 398 –399 (2001) 641–646.

18.    Furukawa, N. Ogasawara, R. Yokozawa, and T. Tokunaga, Electron trap level of Cu-doped ZnO, Japan J. Appl. Phys. 47 (2008) 8799-8801.

19.    S.H. Kim, J.S. Lee, H.C. Choi, and Y.H. Lee, The fabrication of thin-film bulk acoustic wave resonators employing a ZnO/Si composite diaphragm structure using porous silicon layer etching, IEEE Electron Device Lett. 20, 113 (1999).

20.    Kulyk, B. Sahraoui, V. Figa, B. Turko, V. Rudyk, and V. Kapustianyk, Influence of Ag, Cu dopants on the second and third harmonic response of ZnO films, Journal of Alloys and Compounds. 481 (2009) 819–825.

21.    Kazimirov, D.M. Goodner, M.J. Bedzyk, J. Bai, and C.R. Hubbard, X-ray diffraction analysis of structural transformations on the (001) surface of oxidized SrTiO3, Surface Science 492 (2001) L711-L716.

22.    Z.H.Tagiev, and A.S.Chirkin, Fixed intensity approximation in the theory of nonlinear waves, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 73 (1977) 1271-1282 [Sov. Phys. JETP, v. 46, (1977) 669-680]; Z.H. Tagiev, R.J. Kasumova, R.A. Salmanova, and N.V. Kerimova, Constant-intensity approximation in a non-linear wave theory, J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclas. Opt.
3 (2001) 84-87.

23.    R.J. Kasumova, G.A. Safarova, Sh.A., Shamilova, and N.V. Kerimova, Phase effects in metamaterials at Third-Harmonic Generation, International Journal of Engineering and Technology IJET-IJENS 15(06) (2015) 19–30; R.J. Kasumova, G.A. Safarova, and V.C. Mamedova. Phase effects at Second Harmonic Generation in zinc oxide, grown on glass substrate, International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering (IJITEE) 5(9) (2016) 7 – 13.

24.    Kulyk, B. Sahraoui, O.Krupka, V. Kapustianyk, V. Rudyk, E. Berdowska, S. Tkaczyk, and I. Kityk, Linear and nonlinear optical properties of ZnO/PMMA nanocomposite films, J. of Appl. Phys. 106 (2009) 093102-1-093102-6.

25.    H. Cao, J.Y. Wu, H.C. Ong, J.Y. Dai, and R.P.H. Chang, Second harmonic generation in laser ablated zinc oxide thin films, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73 (1998) 572-574.

26.    W.N. Herman, and L.M. Hayden, Maker fringers revisited: second-harmonic generation birefringence or absorbing materials, JOSA B 12(3) (1995) 416-427.

27.    Z.A. Tagiev, The influence of linear losses in media on efficiency of optical frequency convertor, Opt. Spectrosk. 67 (1989) 689-694 [Opt. Specrosc. (USSR) 67 (1989) 406-411.

28.    C.Y. Liu, B.P. Zhang, N.T. Binh, and Y. Segawa, Second harmonic generation in ZnO thin films fabricated by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition, Opt. Commun. 237 (2004) 65–70.


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5.

Authors:

P. Maddileti

Paper Title:

Numerical Solutions of Heat and Mass Transfer Effects on an Unsteady MHD Convective Flow Past A Vertical Plate Embedded In Porous Medium Through Finite Element Method

Abstract:   The objective of this paper is to study the effects of heat and mass transfer on unsteady hydromagnetic free convective flow of a viscous incompressible electrically conducting fluid past an infinite vertical porous plate in presence of constant suction. The fundamental governing equations of the flow field are solved using finite element method and the numerical solutions are obtained for velocity, temperature, concentration distributions. The effects of different physical flow parameters on these respective flow fields are discussed through graphs and results are physically interpreted. The problem has some relevance in the geophysical and astrophysical studies.

Keywords:
 Heat and Mass transfer, Porous Medium, MHD, Finite Element Method.


References:

1.       J. Anand Rao and R. Srinivasa Raju, Applied magnetic field on transient free convective flow of an incompressible viscous dissipative fluid in a vertical channel, Journal of Energy, Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 32, pp. 265-277, 2010.
2.       J. Anand Rao and R. Srinivasa Raju, Hall Effect on an unsteady MHD flow and heat transfer along a porous flat plate with mass transfer and viscous dissipation, Journal of Energy, Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 33, pp. 313-332, 2011.

3.       J. Anand Rao and R. Srinivasa Raju, The effects of Hall currents, Soret and Dufour on MHD flow and heat transfer along a porous flat plate with mass transfer, Journal of Energy, Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 33, pp. 351-372, 2011.

4.       J. Anand Rao, G. Jithender Reddy, R. Srinivasa Raju, Finite element study of an unsteady MHD free convection Couette flow with Viscous Dissipation, Global Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics,  Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 65-69, 2015.

5.       J. Anand Rao, P. Ramesh Babu, R. Srinivasa Raju, Finite element analysis of unsteady MHD free convection flow past an infinite vertical plate with Soret, Dufour, Thermal radiation and Heat source, ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Vol. 10, No. 12, pp. 5338-5351, 2015.

6.       J. Anand Rao, P. Ramesh Babu, R. Srinivasa Raju, Galerkin finite element solution of MHD free convection radiative flow past an infinite vertical porous plate with chemical reaction and hall current, International Journal of Mathematical Archive, Vol. 6, No. 9,                          pp. 164-177, 2015.

7.       J. Anand Rao, P. Ramesh Babu, R. Srinivasa Raju, Siva Reddy Sheri, Heat and Mass transfer effects on an unsteady MHD free convective chemical reacting fluid flow past an infinite vertical accelerated plate with constant heat flux, Journal of Energy, Heat and Mass Transfer,   Vol. 36, pp. 237-257, 2014.

8.       J. Anand Rao, R. Srinivasa Raju, S. Sivaiah, Finite Element Solution of heat and mass transfer in MHD Flow of a viscous fluid past a vertical plate under oscillatory suction velocity, Journal of Applied Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 1-10, 2012.

9.       J. Anand Rao, R. Srinivasa Raju, S. Sivaiah, Finite Element Solution of MHD transient flow past an impulsively started infinite horizontal porous plate in a rotating fluid with Hall current, Journal of Applied Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 105-112, 2012.

10.    J. Anand Rao, S. Sivaiah, R. Srinivasa Raju, Chemical Reaction effects on an unsteady MHD free convection fluid flow past a semi-infinite vertical plate embedded in a porous medium with Heat Absorption, Journal of Applied Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 5, No. 3,  pp. 63-70, 2012.

11.    J. Anand Rao, S. Sivaiah, Sk. Nuslin Bibi, R. Srinivasa Raju, Soret and Radiation effects on unsteady MHD free convective fluid flow embedded in a porous medium with Heat Source, Journal of Energy, Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 35, pp. 23-39, 2013.

12.    G. Aruna, S. Vijay Kumar Varma, R. Srinivasa Raju, Combined influence of Soret and Dufour effects on unsteady hydromagnetic mixed convective flow in an accelerated vertical wavy plate through a porous medium, International Journal of Advances in Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 122-134, 2015.

13.    G. Jithender Reddy, J. Anand Rao, R. Srinivasa Raju, Chemical reaction and radiation effects on MHD free convection from an impulsively started infinite vertical
plate with viscous dissipation, International Journal of Advances in Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 164-176, 2015.

14.    G. Jithender Reddy, J. Anand Rao, R. Srinivasa Raju, Finite element Analysis of MHD free convective Couette flow with Thermal Radiation And Viscous Dissipation, Proceedings of International Conference on Computers Aided Engineering (CAE-2015),     pp. 250-255, 2015.

15.    G. Jithender Reddy, P. Veera Babu, R. Srinivasa Raju, Finite element analysis of Heat and Mass transfer in MHD radiative free convection from  an impulsively started infinite vertical plate, Proceedings of 59th Congress of ISTAM, Vol. 59-istam-fm-fp-150, pp.1-8, 2014.

16.    G. Jithender Reddy, R. Srinivasa Raju, J. Anand Rao, Finite element analysis of  Hall current and Rotation effects on free convection flow past a moving vertical porous plate with Chemical reaction and Heat absorption, Proceedings of 59th Congress of ISTAM,   Vol. 59-istam-fm-fp-29, pp.1-11, 2014.

17.    G. Jithender Reddy, R. Srinivasa Raju, Siva Reddy Sheri,  Finite Element Analysis of Soret and Radiation effects on an transient MHD free convection from an impulsively started infinite vertical plate with Heat absorption, International Journal of Mathematical Archive,   Vol. 5, No. 4, pp. 211-220, 2014.

18.    G. Jitthender Reddy, R. Srinivasa Raju, J. Anand Rao, Influence Of Viscous Dissipation On Unsteady MHD Natural Convective Flow Of Casson Fluid Over An Oscillating Vertical Plate Via FEM, Ain Shams Engineering Journal, 2016 (In Press).

19.    G. Jitthender Reddy, R. Srinivasa Raju, J. Anand Rao, Thermal Diffusion and Diffusion Thermo Effects on Unsteady MHD Fluid Flow Past A Moving Vertical Plate Embedded in Porous Medium in the Presence of Hall Current and Rotating System, Transactions of A. Razmadze Mathematical Institute Journal, Vol. 170, pp. 243-265, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1016/j.trmi.2016.07.001, 2016.

20.    G. Jitthender Reddy, R. Srinivasa Raju, J. Anand Rao, Thermal Diffusion and Diffusion Thermo impact on Chemical reacted MHD Free Convection from an Impulsively Started Infinite Vertical Plate embedded in a Porous Medium using FEM, Journal of Porous Media, 2016  (In Press).

21.    K. Sarada, R. Srinivasa Raju, B. Shankar, Unsteady MHD free convection flow near on an infinite vertical plate embedded in a porous medium with Chemical reaction, Hall Current and Thermal radiation, International Journal of Scientific and Innovative Mathematical Research, Vol. 3, Special Issue 3, pp. 795-801, 2015.

22.    K. Sudhakar, R. Srinivasa Raju, M. Rangamma, Chemical reaction effect on an unsteady MHD free convection flow past an infinite vertical accelerated plate with constant heat flux, thermal diffusion and diffusion thermo, International Journal of Modern Engineering Research, Vol. 2, Issue 5, pp. 3329-3339, 2012.

23.    K. Sudhakar, R. Srinivasa Raju, M. Rangamma, Effects of thermal diffusion and diffusion thermo on an unsteady MHD mixed convection flow past an accelerated infinite vertical plate with viscous dissipation, International Journal of Mathematical Archive, Vol. 3, No. 8,  pp. 2929-2942, 2012.

24.    K. Sudhakar, R. Srinivasa Raju, M. Rangamma, Hall effect on an unsteady MHD flow past along a porous flat plate with thermal diffusion, diffusion thermo and chemical reaction, Journal of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 370-395, 2013.

25.    M. V. Ramana Murthy, R. Srinivasa Raju, J. Anand Rao, Heat and Mass transfer effects on MHD natural convective flow past an infinite vertical porous plate with thermal radiation and Hall Current, Procedia Engineering Journal, Vol. 127, pp. 1330-1337, 2015.

26.    Ramya Dodda, A. J. Chamkha, R. Srinivasa Raju, J. Anand Rao, Effect of velocity and thermal wall slips on MHD boundary layer viscous flow and heat transfer of a nanofluid over a nonlinearly-stretching sheet: A Numerical study, Propulsion and Power Research Journal, 2016 (In Press).

27.    Ramya Dodda, R. Srinivasa Raju, J. Anand Rao, Influence Of Chemical Reaction On MHD boundary Layer flow Of Nano Fluids Over A Nonlinear Stretching Sheet With Thermal Radiation, Journal of Nanofluids, Vol. 5, No. 6, pp. 880-888, 2016.

28.    Ramya Dodda, R. Srinivasa Raju, J. Anand Rao, Slip Effect of MHD Boundary Layer Flow of Nanofluid Particles over a Nonlinearly Isothermal Stretching Sheet in Presence of Heat Generation/Absorption, International Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 2016 (In Press).

29.    S. Sivaiah, G. Murali, M. C. K. Reddy, R. Srinivasa Raju, Unsteady MHD Mixed Convection Flow past a Vertical Porous Plate in Presence of Radiation, International Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, Vol. 1, No. 4, pp. 651-666, 2012.

30.    P. Maddilety, R. Srinivasa Raju, Hall effect on an unsteady MHD free convective Couette flow between two permeable plates, Global Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics, Vol. 11, No. 2,  pp. 125-129, 2015.

31.    S. Sivaiah, R. Srinivasa Raju, Finite Element Solution of Heat and Mass transfer flow with Hall Current, heat source and viscous dissipation, Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, Vol. 34, No. 5, pp. 559-570, 2013.

32.    S. Venkataramana, K. Anitha, R. Srinivasa Raju, Thermal radiation and rotation effect on an unsteady MHD mixed convection flow through a porous medium with Hall current and Heat absorption, International Journal of Mathematical Sciences, Technology and Humanities, Vol. 2,  Issue 4, pp. 593-615, 2012.

33.    Siva Reddy Sheri, R. Srinivasa Raju, S. Anjan Kumar, Transient MHD free convection flow past a porous vertical plate in presence of viscous dissipation, International Journal of Advances in Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, Vol. 2, No. 4, pp. 25-34, 2015.
34.    Y. Dharmendar Reddy, R. Srinivasa Raju, S. Hari Prasad, L. Anand Babu, Chemical Reaction effect on an unsteady MHD free convective flow past a vertical porous plate with Hall Current, Proceedings of International Conference on Mathematical Computer Engineering (ICMCE-2013), pp. 1206-1219 with ISBN 978-93-82338-91-8 © 2013 Bonfring.
35.    Y. Dharmendar Reddy, R. Srinivasa Raju, V. Srinivasa Rao, L. Anand Babu, Hall Current effect on an unsteady MHD free convection flow past a vertical porous plate with heat and mass transfer, International Journal of Scientific and Innovative Mathematical Research, Vol. 3, Special Issue 3, pp. 884-890, 2015.

36.    V. Srinivasa Rao, L. Anand Babu, R. Srinivasa Raju, Finite Element Analysis of Radiation and mass transfer flow past semi-infinite moving vertical plate with viscous dissipation, Journal of Applied Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 6, No. 3, pp. 321-329, 2013.

37.    R. Srinivasa Raju, G. Jithender Reddy, J. Anand Rao, M. M. Rashidi, Rama Subba Reddy Gorla, Analytical and Numerical Study of Unsteady MHD Free Convection Flow over an Exponentially Moving Vertical Plate With Heat Absorption, International Journal of Thermal Sciences,  Vol. 107, pp. 303-315, 2016.

38.    R. Srinivasa Raju, B. Mahesh Reddy, M. M. Rashidi, Rama Subba Reddy Gorla, Application of Finite Element Method to Unsteady MHD Free Convection Flow Past a Vertically Inclined Porous Plate Including Thermal Diffusion And Diffusion Thermo Effects, Journal of Porous Media, Vol. 19, Issue. 8, pp. 701-722, 2016.

39.    R. Srinivasa Raju, Combined influence of thermal diffusion and diffusion thermo on unsteady hydromagnetic free convective fluid flow past an infinite vertical porous plate in presence of chemical reaction, Journal of Institution of Engineers: Series C, pp. 1-11, 2016, DOI: 10.1007/s40032 –016-0258-5.

40.    R. Srinivasa Raju, G. Jitthender Reddy, J. Anand Rao, M. M. Rashidi, Thermal Diffusion and Diffusion Thermo Effects on an Unsteady Heat and Mass Transfer MHD Natural Convection Couette Flow Using FEM, Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, Vol. 3, Issue 4, pp. 349-362, DOI: 10.1016/j.jcde.2016.06.003, 2016.

41.    R. Srinivasa Raju, G. Aruna, N. V. Swamy Naidu, S. Vijay Kumar Varma, M. M. Rashidi, Chemically reacting fluid flow induced by an exponentially accelerated infinite vertical plate in a magnetic field and variable temperature via LTT and FEM, Theoretical Applied Mechanics, Vol. 43, Issue 1, pp. 49-83, 2016.

42.    R. Srinivasa Raju, Transfer Effects On An Unsteady MHD Free Convective Flow Past A Vertical Plate With Chemical Reaction, Engineering Transactions Journal, 2016 (In Press).

43.    R. Srinivasa Raju, G. Anitha and G. Jitthender Reddy, Influence of Transpiration and Hall effects on unsteady MHD free convection fluid flow over an infinite vertical plate, International Journal of Control Theory and Applications, 2016 (In Press).

44.    R. Srinivasa Raju, M. Anil Kumar, Y. Dharmendar Reddy, Unsteady MHD Free Convective Flow Past A Vertical Porous Plate With Variable Suction, ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 2016 (In Press).

45.    R. Srinivasa Raju, M. Anil Kumar, N. Venkatesh, Transpiration Influence On An Unsteady Natural Convective Fluid Flow Past An Infinite Vertical Plate Embedded In Porous Medium In Presence Of Hall Current Via Finite Element Method, ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 2016 (In Press).

46.    R. Srinivasa Raju, Application of Finite Element Method to MHD mixed convection chemically reacting flow past a vertical porous plate with Cross Diffusion and Biot number Effects, American Journal Of Heat And Mass Transfer, 2016 (In Press).

47.    R. Srinivasa Raju, M. Anil Kumar, K. Sarada, Y. Dharmendar Reddy, Influence of thermal radiation on unsteady free convection flow of water near 4oC past a moving vertical plate, Global Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics, Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 237-240, 2015.

48.    R. Srinivasa Raju,  G. Anitha, G. Aruna, S. Vijay Kumar Varma, Viscous dissipation impact on chemically reacting flow past an infinite vertical oscillating porous plate with magnetic field, Global Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics, Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 146-150, 2015.

49.    R. Srinivasa Raju, G. Jithender Reddy, J. Anand Rao, P. Manideep, Application of FEM to free convective flow of Water near 4˚C past a vertical moving plate embedded in porous medium in presence of magnetic field, Global Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics, Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 130-134, 2015.

50.    R. Srinivasa Raju, K. Sudhakar, M. Rangamma, The effects of thermal radiation and Heat source on an unsteady MHD free convection flow past an infinite vertical plate with thermal diffusion and diffusion thermo, Journal of Institution of Engineers: Series C, Vol. 94, Issue 2, pp. 175-186, DOI: 10.1007/s40032-013-0063-3, 2013.

51.    R. Srinivasa Raju, S. Sivaiah, J. Anand Rao, Radiation effects on unsteady MHD free convection with Hall current near on an infinite vertical porous plate, Journal of Energy, Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 34, pp. 163-174, 2012.

52.    R. Srinivasa Raju, S. Sivaiah, J. Anand Rao, Finite Element Solution of Heat and Mass transfer in past an impulsively started infinite vertical plate with Hall Effect, Journal of Energy, Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 34, pp. 121-142, 2012.

53.    R. Srinivasa Raju, G. Jithender Reddy, M. Anil Kumar, N. V. Swamy Naidu, Finite element analysis of chemically reacted fluid flow over an exponentially accelerated vertical plate, Proceedings of International Conference on Computers Aided Engineering (CAE-2015),  pp. 243-249, 2015.

54.    R. Srinivasa Raju, G. Jithender Reddy, Y. Dharmendar Reddy, J. Anand Rao, Hydromagnetic free convection heat transfer Couette flow of water at 4oC in rotating system, Proceedings of International Conference on Mathematical Computer Engineering (ICMCE-2015), 2015.

55.    K. J. Bathe, Finite Element Procedures (Prentice-Hall, New Jersy) 1996.

56.    J. N. Reddy, An Introduction to the Finite Element Method (McGraw-Hill, New York) 1985.


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6.

Authors:

Maricris J. Olayvar, Joe Prince R. Dueñas, Jemima Lois M. Rey, Mark Allen R. Ortizano, Emerlyn D. Benitez, Roselito E. Tolentino

Paper Title:

Design and Implementation of Mimicking Robotic Neck Improving Hyper-Flexion/Extension Movement and Lateral Bending using Linear Motor for Force Requirement Improvement

Abstract: This paper presents a humanoid robot that has been developed to mimic human neck movement that can support the actual weight of human head using linear motor while performing the four degrees of freedom of the human neck. Linear motor is preferred to be used because of its ability to produce high force and lift heavy-weighted objects. The paper describes details of the mechanical design, control system and the controller design. The system has been developed in Arduino IDE platform and LabVIEW robotics. To demonstrate the mimicking capabilities of the robotic neck, we present accuracy test results, and the implementation of closed-loop control on the neck.

Keywords:
 Degree of Freedom, Humanoid Robotics, Linear Motor, Mimicking, Robotic Neck


References:

1.       Beira, R., Lopes, M., Praca, M., Santos-Victor, J., Bernardino, A., Metta, G., Becchi, F. & R. Saltaren. (2006). Design of the Robot-Cub (iCub) head. Institute for Systems and Robotics. Available from http:// www.robotcub.org/misc/review3/06_biera_et_al.pdf
2.       Hegel, F., Lutkehbole, I., Schulz, S., Hackel, M., Wred, B., Wachsmuth, S. & Sagerer, G. (2010). The Bielefield anthropomorphic robot head ‘Flobi’. Bielefield University, Germany. Available from http:// ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpls/abs_all.jsp?arnumber=5509173

3.       Cabag, F. M., Caga-anan,C., Dialo, J., Erispe, J. & Panes, J. (2013). Application and Implementation of Ball Joint for Mass Support of Neck Mimicking Movement. Polytechnic University of the Philippines, Philippines.

4.       Firgelli. L16 Specification Sheet. Firgelli Technologies Inc. Available from http://www.firgelli.com

5.       Neck Muscles. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.healthline.com/human-body-maps/neck-muscles

6.       Neck Anatomy. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.painneck.com/neck-anatomy\
7.       Neck Movement. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.ce.utwente.nl/aigaion/authors/show/1379

8.       Range of Motion of the Neck. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.boneandspine.com/spine/cervicalspine

9.       E-gizmo. Motor Driver Shield Features and Specifications. E-Gizmo Mechatronics Central. Available from http://www.e-Gizmo.com

10.    Ymas Jr., S. (2009). Plane and spherical trigonometry. Manila, Philippines:Ymas Publishing House.

11.    Carreon, S. L., Romano Jr., W., Fiedalan Jr., G., Mapa, A. (2010). Physics. Quezon City, Philippines:Neo Asia.

12.    Hackel, M., Schwope, S., Fritsch, J., Wred, B. & Sagerer, G. (2005). A humanoid robot platform suitable for studying embodied interaction. Bielefield University, Germany. Available from http:// ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpls/abs_all.jsp?arnumber=1544959

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