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Volume-5 Issue-10, March 2016, ISSN:  2278-3075 (Online)
Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering & Sciences Publication Pvt. Ltd. 

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Aliyeva Gulchohra Babali

Paper Title:

On the Definition Technology of Plan of Expression and Plan of Contents in Quantitative Categories within the Frame of Field Theory

Abstract:  Development level of modern science of linguistics is characterized by increasing interest to the description of descriptive function of the language. That’s why the attention of the investigators, having changed its orientation, has directed to the study of mutual correlations of elements of different language levels, taking part in conveying the contents of the utterance. This allows making the analysis possible not only directed from forms to contents, from means to functions, but also it makes it possible to carry out analysis directed from contents to the forms/from functions to the means. In order to study quantity semantics expressed by the word form, having the meaning of grammatical quantity, we think it purposeful to devide them into two groups – to the morphological and syntactic forms. Morphological quantity forms are peculiar to the substantivized words and nouns possessing correlative quantity forms. These forms reflect logical dependence on the real quantity of the intended object. But syntactic quantity forms are peculiar to the words of parts of speech, the word forms of which depend on the nouns grammatically and which reflect their quantity. Contents plan of the quantity field and the analysis of the expression plan, the unification of language means within the quantity macro-field bases on the extremely generalized meaning of the quantity. We can distinguish two types of nuclear of the objects in the field of quantity: grammatical category of quantity and number. The difference between their usages often bases on the definite and indefinite quantity meanings. The nuclear in the field of quantity of the movements manifest themselves in the form of word-forming affixes and lexical means. In the field of quantity of signs comparative degree as a grammatical category can be accepted as nuclear. By this time context plays an important role in the expression of this or that quantity meaning.

 quantity, context, semantics, field theory, quantity field of the objects, quantity field of the movements, plan of the contents, expression plan.


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Suman Mann

Paper Title:

Web Page Metrics: An Empirical Analysis to Improve the Quality of Web Page

Abstract: Web Metrics play an important role in measuring the different attributes of a website. It gives actual values of different attributes of website. It can be further used to distinguish between good site design and bad site design. The web page can be evaluated on the basis of different parameter like size of the page, quality of information load time, content available etc. Nowadays website and Internet are emerging media require improvement in their quality for better customer satisfaction. If the website has high page load time or have ambiguous script it results to freeze of web browser due to this user gets irritated and switch to another site. To improve the quality of website and for better understanding we need to measure the website design using the web page metrics. In this paper I gathered the data from Alexa Website and categorize them into good site design and bad site design on the basis of metrics. I have proposed 15 new metrics related to web page design. To achieve our goal we investigate 19 metrics. We present the conclusion of enumerative analysis of web page attributes. The end result of this paper can be used in reckonable studies in designing of web site.

  Website; Metrics; Web page; Web page quality; Empirical Studies; Web Site Design.


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Hemaraju, Ranganatha S, Shashidhara K N

Paper Title:

Studies on wear loss and Deformation Morphology in Three Body Abrasion

Abstract:  Machineries which are used in industries involves relative motion between two components called elements. These relative motion between elements is required either to transfer force or motions. In some cases, example material conveying system, relative motions exists between material and conveyor. All the above cases give rise to discontinuities in velocity and displacements. These discontinuities results in volume loss of materials. Loss of materials give rise to loss of durability and reliability of machines. There will be a lot of thrust in reducing the new advanced machines due to loss of materials or wear. Understanding wear and controlling is a strong need for advanced and reliable design of machines. In the present investigation a basic systematic study has been carried out to understand the impact of material and its metallurgical phases on wear behavior. Rubber wheel abrader with different sized sand as abrader is used for conducting the experiments. CA 40 Steel (269 BHN), Alloy cast iron (450 BHN) Ni Hard cast iron (500 BHN) were used as target materials. Experiments were conducted with two loads 53.2 N and 102.4 N. The speed was maintained at 200 rpm. The time of test was 6 minutes, the flow rate was 100 grams/min. The wear loss was estimated and found that for CA 40 Steel was 0.15 at a normal load of 52.3 N and 0.21 at a load of 102.4 N. The wear loss was for ally cast iron is 0.07 and 0.08 which are comparable at two different normal loads. In case of Ni hard cast iron the wear loss was found to be 0.04 at a normal load of 53.2 N and 0.07 at a normal load of 102.4 N. the effect of normal load was found to be less for materials of higher hardness. The morphology of deformation was found to characterize the experimentally observed wear loss volume for material of different hardness.

Abrasive wear, Deformation, Hardness.


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3.        Niko Ojala. Kati Valtonen., Vuokko Heino, Marke Kallio, Joonas Aaltonen, Pekka siitonen, Veli-tapani Kuokkala,. Effects of composition and microstructure on the abrasive wear performance of quenched wear resistant steels. Wear 317 (2014) 225-232.

4.        Jonas allebert, Mikael Jungedal, Patric waara,. Wear on overlay welded HCWI vs. quenched and tempered low alloyed carbon steels evaluated with granite in a laboratory drum test machine. Wear 330-331 (2015) 364-370.

5.        Xiaojun Xu, Sybrand van der Zwaag, Wei Xu, Wear 338-339 (2015) 47-53.

6.        Xiangtao Deng, Zhadong Wang, Yong Tian, Tianliang Fu, Guodong Wang. An investigation of mechanical property and three body impact abrasive wear behavior of a 0.27 % C dual phase steel. Materials and Design 49 (2013) 220-225.

7.        Ronaldo camara cozza,. Third abrasive wear mode: is it possible? J MATER RES TECHNOL.2014; 3(2); 191-193.

8.        Basavaraju.M and Ranganatha.S, “Effect of material hardness and hard material surface morphology on friction and transfer layer formation; Dry condition. IJRTE, ISSN: 2277-3878, Volume 2, Issue-4, 2013, PP 40-46.

9.        Basavaraju.M and Ranganatha.S, “Effect of soft material hardness and material surface morphology on friction & transfer layer formation; Lubricated condition. IJRTE, ISSN: 2277-3878, Volume 2, Issue 4, 2013, PP 59-66.
10.     Hemaraju, Ranganatha.S, Shashidhara K.N., Role of hardness on abrasive wear modes in a three
body wear.IJRTE. Vol-4, Issue 6,(2016), 40-46.

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12.     Suresh gowda et al, 2016, Basic studies on the role of softer metallic coatings in ball bearings. IJITEE, ISSN; 2278-3075, Volume 5, Issue-9, February 2016.

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Cyrus Babu Ong`ondo

Paper Title:

Communication Management Practice for Better Project Controls in the Construction Industry of Kenya: Industry Players’ Perspective

Abstract:   Communication plays an important role in integrating people, and taking decisions to make project control process a success. However, what constitutes effective communication is lacking as evidenced by failure of projects during implementation. In the construction industry of Kenya for example, several studies have alluded to poor communication within projects as one of the causes of poor project performance during implementation pointing to a missing link between what constitutes effective communication on one hand and its application in the management of projects on the other hand. This study therefore, sought to investigate communication management in the construction industry of kenya, with emphasis on its adequacy. A mixed-method design was used consisting of analysis of a questionnaire survey and interviews with subject matter experts. Data was collected from active 95No. (NCA1, NCA2 and NCA3) contractors selected by way of stratified random sampling. A similar approach was also used to select 92No.Consultants with a response rate of 54.73% and 46.73% respectively. In addition, 11No.practitioners were interviewed in the current study. The study established six (6No.) issues that need to be given careful attention when managing communication during projects implementation. The issues in order of importance include; Quality of decision making process (RII=0.900), Change approval procedure (RII=0.0.835), Quality & frequency of project meetings (RII=0.825), Update of project plans (RII=0.811), Project vision (RII=0.799) and progress reporting system(RII=0.636). The study concludes by compiling views of the practitioners on what they consider good practice in improving communication management practice. The study recommends the use of the good-practice checklist developed for better communication management in projects.

 Communication, Management, construction industry, good-Practice checklist, Kenya


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Kamalkishor G. Maniyar, Swapnil K. Agrawal, D. S. Ingole

Paper Title:

Optimization of Multiple Performance Characteristics in EDM: A Critical Literature Review

Abstract: Electrical discharge machining (EDM) plays a very important role in manufacturing industries for shaping hard metals and alloys. Optimization is one of the techniques used in manufacturing sectors to arrive for the best manufacturing conditions, which is an essential need for industries towards manufacturing of quality products at lower cost. [14] EDM performance is evaluated on the basis of multiple performance characteristics. The objective of this paper work is to study optimization of multiple performance characteristics in EDM. A sufficient amount of research work has been described by the researchers on the evaluation of EDM performance on the basis of multiple performance characteristics for various materials. Design of experiment (DOE) is very useful in the analyzing the optimum condition of parameters, main effect, and the significance of individual parameter to machining characteristics for various materials. In a vision of above, this paper work presents a critical literature review on optimization of multiple performance characteristics in EDM.

EDM Parameters, EDM Characteristics, DOE Method


1.        Yan Cherng Lin, Biing Hwa, Yong Song Chang “Machining characteristics of titanium alloy (Ti-6Al-4V) using a combination of process of EDM with USM”, Journal of Material Processing Technology, vol.104, 2000, pp. 171-177.
2.        S.H. Lee, and X.P. Li, “Study of the effect of machining parameters on the machining characteristics in electrical discharge machining of tungsten carbide”, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, vol. 115(3), 2001, pp. 344-358.

3.        B. Mohan, A. Rajadurai, and K.G. Satyanarayana, “Effect of sic and rotation of electrode on electric discharge machining of Al-sic composite”, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, vol. 124(3), 2002, pp. 297-304.

4.        H. C. Tsai, B. H. Yan, F. Y. Huang, “EDM performance of Cr/Cu based composite materials”, International Journal of Machine Tools & Manufacture, vol. 43, 2003, pp. 242-252. 

5.        Puertas, I., Luis, C.J., and Alvarez, L.“Analysis of the Influence of EDM Parameters on Surface Quality, MRR and EW of WC-Co”, Journal of Material Processing Technology, 2004.

6.        H. K. Kansal, Sehjipal Singh, and P. Kumar, “Developed of Powder Mixed Electrical Discharge  Machining (PMEDM) Process”, 14th ISME International Conference on Mechanical Engineering in Knowledge Age December 12-14, 2005.

7.        Y. Lin, C. Cheng, and L. Hwang, “Machining characteristics and optimization of machining parameters of SKH 57 high-speed steel using electrical-discharge machining based on Taguchi method”, Materials and Manufacturing Processes, vol. 21(8), 2006, pp. 922- 929.

8.        S. Dhar, R. Purohit, N. Saini and G.H. Kumar, “Mathematical modeling of electric discharge machining of cast Al-4Cu-6Si alloy-10 wt.% sicp composites”, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, vol. 193(1-3), 2007, pp. 24-29.

9.        A A. Khan, “Electrode wear and material removal rate during EDM of aluminum and mild steel using copper and brass electrodes”, International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 2008, vol. 39, pp. 482-487.

10.     Yan Cherng Lin, Yuan Feng Chen, Der An Wang, Ho Shiun Lee, “Optimization of machining parameters in magnetic force assisted EDM based on Taguchi method”, Journal of Material Processing Technology, 2009, vol. 209, pp. 3347-3383.

11.     Rajesh Choudhary, H. Kumar, and R K Garg, “Analysis and evaluation of heat affected zones in electric discharge machining of EN-31 die steel”, Indian Journal of Engineering & Materials Sciences, 2010, Vol. 17, pp. 91-98.

12.     N Natarajan, and R M Arunchalam, “Optimization of micro- EDM with multiple performance characteristics using Taguchi method and Grey relational analysis”, Journal of Scientific & Industrial Research, 2011, vol. 70, pp. 500-505.
13.     Pushpendra S. Bharati, S. Maheshwari and C. Sharma, “Multi- objective optimization of electric- discharge machining process using controlled elitist NSGA-II”, Journal of Mechanical Sciences and Technology, 2012, vol. 26(6), pp. 1875-1883.
14.     Raghuraman S. Thiruppathi K. Paneerselvam T., Santosh S., “Optimization of EDM parameters using Taguchi method and Grey relational analysis for mild steel IS 2026”, International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, 2013, vol. 2, Isssue 7.

15.     Sureshkumar S., Uthayakuma M., Thirumalai Kumaran S.,.Parameswaran P., and Mohandas E., “Electrical  Discharge machining of Al (6351)- 5% SiC-10 % B4C Hybrid Composite : A Grey Relational Approach”, Hindawi Publishing Corporation Modeling and Simulation in Engineering, Volume 2014Article ID426718, 7 pages.






Akhilesh Kumar Pandey, Rajeev Singh

Paper Title:

CPW-Fed Band Pass Filter for GSM Application

Abstract:  A novel band pass filter of a coplanar waveguide fed planar patch is proposed for Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) (880-965 MHz) applications and is simulated by means of AWR (Microwave Wave Office) and results are compared with ideal transmission line model, balance strip model and lumped element model for GSM applications. Simulated results of insertion loss and transmission loss of models have been discussed.

Coplanar plane wave guide (CPW); Micro strip antenna; Band pass filter; Lumped-Distributed element; AWR.


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