Non-Motorized Transport (NMT) User Safety Guidelines in Urban Areas of Developing Countries
Badveeti Adinarayana1, Mohammad Shafi Mir2

1Badveeti Adinarayana*, Ph.D Research Scholar, Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology Srinagar, India.
2Dr. Mohammad Shafi Mir, Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology Srinagar, India.

Manuscript received on November 13, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 22 November, 2019. | Manuscript published on December 10, 2019. | PP: 4336-4353 | Volume-9 Issue-2, December 2019. | Retrieval Number: B7555129219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.B7555.129219
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Abstract: In Developing countries like India, analysis of safety issues on urban roads for Non-Motorized road traffic accidents in Indian cities (Srinagar city) where fatalities constitute approximately 25 % to 50% of the total traffic deaths is important. The NMT mainly comprises of pedestrians and bicyclists. The present study focusses on using video camera through image capture analysis and 13 different locations have been selected. The usage of latitude and longitude from google earth some of locations were selected in the CBD area of Srinagar city. The present study method is before study and after study location scenario (BSL-ASLS method) was used to identify necessary safety measures along the NMT lane with high traffic volumes on urban roads under mixed traffic conditions. The behavior of the NMT users plays a vital role in the characteristics of road accidents in Srinagar city. The final results clearly indicate that in the form of pie charts are shown at the end and there is a crucial need for providing a safe and separate lane for NMT (pedestrian and bicyclists) users in Srinagar city. The government should also develop a good policy/strategy regarding NMT and should provide a barrier in segregating the motorized and non-motorized traffic. There is a scope and need to carry out more research work in this area so as to improve the Non-motorized transport safety measures. 
Keywords: NMT Safety Issues, NMT Policy, Pedestrian Safety Measures, Bicycle Safety Measures.
Scope of the Article: Municipal or Urban Engineering