Rsadp – Road Saftey Accident Detection and Prevention in Vehicular Adhoc Network
Saurabh Patil1, Lata Ragha2

1Saurabh Patil*, Information Technology, Terna Engineering College, Nerul, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
2Lata Ragha, Computer Department, Fr. Agnel Engineering College, Vashi, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Manuscript received on November 18, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 26 November, 2019. | Manuscript published on December 10, 2019. | PP: 3325-3330 | Volume-9 Issue-2, December 2019. | Retrieval Number: B7856129219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.B7856.129219
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Abstract: Vehicular Ad-Hoc Networks (VANETs) is evolving into highly developed systems that improve driver experience in terms of security and offer much-needed tranquility on the roads as well. VANET makes it possible for a vehicle to communicate, (vehicle to vehicle communication) V2V, beyond its visual coverage region for an advance alert. Vehicle accident alert depends on data received from sensors, cameras, onboard units, wireless communication, global positioning systems, and Roadside Units (RSU) placed on equidistance along the roads. It collects data from all entities, i.e., RSUs or OBU, and processes it, leading decisions subsequently. In V2V communication, vehicles support different services such as declaring an accident with their exact coordinates and traffic status updates. In this paper, a protocol is discussed and reviewed and studied about onvehicle wireless communication capabilities in terms of handling accident alerts for road safety applications. Accident detection in an early stage can help in saving life on the road and enhance medical support probability. Providing the accurate time of accident and locality to the approaching vehicles to reduce down further mishaps on the road. This proposed protocol is flexible enough to adapt real-time environmental adjustments, including road density and speed, traffic state, and network dynamics. 
Keywords: Vanet, V2V, V2I, Accident Detection, Accident Avoidance, Traffic Status, Onboard Unit, Wireless Communication
Scope of the Article: Wireless Communication