An Optimal Network Selection and Efficient Two Level Cluster-Based Routing Mechanisms for Seamless Vertical Handover in Vehicular Networks
S.Angelin Sophy1, I. Laurence Aroquiaraj2

1S.Angelin Sophy, Research Scholar, PG and Research Scholar, Department of Computer Science, Periyar University, Salem, Tamil Nadu. India.
2Dr. I. Laurence Aroquiaraj, Assistant Professor, PG and Research Scholar, Department of Computer Science, Periyar University, Salem, Tamil Nadu. India.

Manuscript received on November 14, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 25 November, 2019. | Manuscript published on December 10, 2019. | PP: 2076-2086 | Volume-9 Issue-2, December 2019. | Retrieval Number: B8133129219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.B8133.129219

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Abstract: Mobile Ad Hoc Network includes the crucial type Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks, (VANET). In this developed work, nodes are considered from vehicles and transmission capabilities are outfitted with its interconnected vehicles forming a network. Roadside equipment is fixed as all vehicles nearby are equipped with fixed equipment thus enabled communications in real-life application of VANET. In existing methodologies, designs of mobility are required by VANET specifically from Vertical Hand Over decision approach. This fails as of failure in links in networks on focusing issues. Thus, in dissemination of networks, routing is mandatory. Hence, our designed work of Effective two-layer cluster based Routing Mechanism is implemented in VANET to diminish the problems of failures in link. So, hybrid model is incorporated with Biogeography-Based Optimization (BBO) for choosing best available network done and process of vertical handover are done by ant colony optimization. Specific node for vertical handover is chosen based on the weight value from the hybrid model and deploys the SVM classification. On unsteady shape of topology, Effective Two-Level Cluster-based Routing Mechanism is used for maintenance of route. Initially, two clusters are formed with both links as strong and weak from divided nodes to perform routing among cluster members and the best route is chosen by greedy algorithm. High packet delivery ratio and low end to end delay is attained in this proposed approach from the analyzed results against existing methods. 
Keywords: Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (VANETs), Vertical Handover Decision (VHO), hybrid optimization, Support Vector Machine (SVM), Effective Two-Level Cluster-based Routing Mechanism, greedy algorithm
Scope of the Article: Optimal Design of Structures