The Ant Colony Optimization Model to Determine the Parameters of Hydrograph Unit Snyder
Burhan Barid1, Suripin2, Robert Kodoatie3

1Burhan Barid*, Civil Engineering, Universitas Muhammadya Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
2Suripin , Urban Planning, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia.
3Robert Kodoatie, Urban Planning, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia. Email:
Manuscript received on December 14, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on December 20, 2019. | Manuscript published on January 10, 2020. | PP: 571-576 | Volume-9 Issue-3, January 2020. | Retrieval Number: C8319019320/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.C8319.019320
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Abstract: The relationship of rain flow is needed to get an accurate peak discharge and volume value. This value is require so that the analysis of hydrological problems produces an approach that is closer to reality in the watershed. Calibration and validation have been carried out in the form of statistical steps. The reliability of calibration with statistics in certain sections provides less accurate results. HSS snyder calculation uses the parameters Cp and Ct. These two parameters cannot be determined with certainty. Therefore, the parameters Cp and Ct need to be optimized to get a more reliable value. Calculation of the relationship of rain flow using the Snyder synthetic hydrograph method was chosen because it was able to be used if the watershed characteristics data were limited. Hydrograph calibration is commonly used with standard deviation statistics between the two data. Ant colony optimization was performed so that the calculation results are even better so that it gives a true picture of the hydrological phenomenon in an area. Field data calibration with the optimization of the Snyder hydrograph provides better R and SD values than the HSS Snyder without optimization. The optimization result of the Snyder hydrograph is Q p = 0.44 . A / t p . 
Keywords: Ant Colony, Optimization, Hydrograph Unit.
Scope of the Article: Discrete Optimization