Bioremediation of Wastewater using Invasive Bivalves
D. Deepthi1, V. Sree Lakshmi2, M. Chaitanya Babu3
1Deepthi*, Pursuing M. Tech Department of Environmental Engineering, KLEF Deemed to be University, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India
2V. Sree Lakshmi, Assistant Professor, Department, Civil Engineering, Koneru Lakshmaiah Education Foundation (deemed to be University), Vaddeswaram, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India.
3M. Chaitanya Babu, Environment Engineer, Sri Sai Manasa Nature Tech Pvt. Ltd. Hyderabad, Telangana
Manuscript received on December 12, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on December 26, 2019. | Manuscript published on January 10, 2020. | PP: 3077-3079 | Volume-9 Issue-3, January 2020. | Retrieval Number: C8475019320/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.C8475.019320
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The contaminant concentration in water bodies are increasing with the increase in industrialization of the country. Pollution of water is measured by the parameters like BOD, COD, nutrients (N,P & K), and pathogens. The COD can occur due to industrialization pollutants. Eutrophication is caused due to the presence of N,P and K in the water bodies. The polluted water can be treated by chemical and physical methods. In physical treatment methods decontamination is done by using biological activities like biofiltration and bioaccumulation. In this study physical method (biofiltration) is adopted using ‘invasive bivalves’ as media. Wastewater can be decontaminated near to 85% using bivalves. The main types of the bivalves used in this study are dressina polymorpha, mytilus edulis and corbiculaflumina. These bivalves decrease the contamination level and these will encompass nutrient and phosphorus removal for recovery of eutrophic sites. They have also capacity of removing biological and chemical contaminants from water. The mechanism involved to reduce the contaminant concentration is biofiltration using bivalves.
Keywords Biofiltration, Invasive Bivalves, Dressinapolymorpha, Mytilus edulis, Corbicula flumina, Eutrophication.
Scope of the Article: Bio-Science and Bio-Technology