Speed Response Optimisation of A Bldc Motor Drive with Ga-Based Classical Controller Tunning
Upama Das1, Pabitra Kumar Biswas2

1Upama Das*, Pursuing, Ph.D. Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Mizoram, India.
2Pabitra Kumar Biswas, HOD and Assistant Professor, Electrical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Mizoram, India
Manuscript received on December 15, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on December 20, 2019. | Manuscript published on January 10, 2020. | PP: 2167-2172 | Volume-9 Issue-3, January 2020. | Retrieval Number: C8780019320/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.C8780.019320
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: The paper addresses the improvement of performance and quality of engines such as BLDC. Better performance, lower maintenance, higher cost, quiet activity, and compact design define a DC motor brushless drive. PI operator, PID controller, fuzzy logic, genetic algorithms, neural networks, PWM power, and less sensor command, there are several methods for regulating the speed of the motor. The GA-based PI and GA-based PID controllers are used for the speed control of BLDC motor. These motors are used in applications such as automobiles, aviation, health, instrumentation, machine tools, robots, and actuation, because of their desirable electrical and mechanical properties. The main gain of the recommended technique is that there is no need for an accurate model of the controlled structure, so it is useful in many industrial processes that do not have an apparent or sophisticated design. Therefore, this method allows determining the best PID values for a given overrun, a rising period, a settling time, and steady-state failure. The algorithm works on three essential selection, crossover, and mutation genetic operators. GA has many variations, such as Real coded GA, Binary coded GA, depending on the forms of these operators. Such variables have a significant influence on the control system’s reliability and efficiency. This paper focuses on binary-coded GA & considers crossover quality, PID controller mutation, and computational analysis were conducted. The transition mechanism was studied with MATLAB in the process. With the GA-based PI and PID operator, the BLDC motor is modeled, and the simulation tests are collected. The results obtained through the application of the GA-based algorithm are efficient and satisfy the control characteristics defined. 
Keywords: Brushless DC Motor, Genetic Algorithm, Closed-loop Speed Control, MATLAB Simulation.
Scope of the Article: Digital Clone or Simulation