Performance of Naïve Bayes, C4.5 and KNN using Breast Cancer, Iris and Hypothyroid Datasets
K. Pazhani Kumar1, R. Raja Aswathi2
1Dr. K. Pazhanikumar*, Assistant Professor, Department of Computer Science, S. T. Hindu College, Nagercoil, Affiliated to Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu, India.
2R. Raja Aswathi, Department of Computer Science, S. T. Hindu College, Nagercoil, Affiliated to Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu India.
Manuscript received on December 16, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on December 22, 2019. | Manuscript published on January 10, 2020. | PP: 2193-2197 | Volume-9 Issue-3, January 2020. | Retrieval Number: C8795019320/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.C8795.019320
Open Access | Ethics and Policies | Cite | Mendeley
© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Data mining usually specifies the discovery of specific pattern or analysis of data from a large dataset. Classification is one of an efficient data mining technique, in which class the data are classified are already predefined using the existing datasets. The classification of medical records in terms of its symptoms using computerized method and storing the predicted information in the digital format is of great importance in the diagnosis of various diseases in the medical field. In this paper, finding the algorithm with highest accuracy range is concentrated so that a cost-effective algorithm can be found. Here the data mining classification algorithms are compared with their accuracy of finding exact data according to the diagnosis report and their execution rate to identify how fast the records are classified. The classification technique based algorithms used in this study are the Naive Bayes Classifier, the C4.5 tree classifier and the K-Nearest Neighbor (KNN) to predict which algorithm is the best suited for classifying any kind of medical dataset. Here the datasets such as Breast Cancer, Iris and Hypothyroid are used to predict which of the three algorithms is suitable for classifying the datasets with highest accuracy of finding the records of patients with the particular health problems. The experimental results represented in the form of table and graph shows the performance and the importance of Naïve Bayes, C4.5 and K-Nearest Neighbor algorithms. From the performance outcome of the three algorithms the C4.5 algorithm is a lot better than the Naïve Bayes and the K-Nearest Neighbor algorithm.
Keywords: Data Mining, Classification, Naive Bayes Classifier, C4.5 Algorithm, K-Nearest Neighbor Algorithm.
Scope of the Article: Classification