Photovoltaic Pumping System for Application to Sites in Mauritania
M.El Mamy. M. Mahmoud1, Ahmed. Yahfdhou2, O.H. Lemrabott3, Chighali Ehssein4, Abdel Kader. Mahmoud5, I. Youm6

1Mr. Mohamed El Mamy M Mahmoud, Department of Physics, FSTUCAD, Dakar Senegal.
2Mr. AhmdYahfdhou, Department of Physics, FST-UCAD, Dakar Senegal.
3Prof. O.H. Lemrabott, Department of Higher Polytechnic, Nouakchott Mauritania.
4Prof. Chighali Ehssein, Department of Electromechanical, ISET Rosso Mauritania.
5Prof. Abel Kader Mahmoud, Department of Physics, USTM, Nouakchott Mauritania.
6Prof. IssakhaYoum, Department of Physics, FST-UCAD, Dakar Senegal.
Manuscript received on 10 October 2016 | Revised Manuscript received on 20 October 2016 | Manuscript Published on 30 October 2016 | PP: 12-20 | Volume-6 Issue-5, October 2016 | Retrieval Number: E2380106516/16©BEIESP
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Abstract: In Sahelian countries, using the solar pump can be technically and economically effective. Therefore, in the aim of integrating the solar pumping in targeted communities, three locations were selected in Rosso, which is the regional capital of Trarza Province. The localities of these sites will benefit from the pumping system, once developed. It is important to note that the solar pumping is important to the targeted areas, as a simple technic that involves pumping water under the sun and works only with the sun. At night, the pump does not work, but the water can be stored in a tank at a height (H), for use as needed. In practice, two sensors are installed, one avoids dry running of the pump and the other prevents tank overflow. The proposed pilot photovoltaic pumping system for the study is the ISET of Rosso (Higher Institute for Technological Studies). Hence, two sites were created on that basis, one at Bameira village and the second at Entvachit. In this context, we are studying first, the characteristics of the photovoltaic generator through mathematical models and simulations of its parameters by MATLAB. Secondly, we offer simulations, using the software “KaleidaGraph” to confirm the electric models of the system under actual operating conditions that require different parameters which characterize the water point, as the depth of the water point, the flow rate etc…. Likewise, as our pumping system test is the one of the ISET of Rosso. It consists of an artificial lake with depths between 1 and 5 m. To keep this depth (HMT = level difference + the sum of the head losses), we proceed to winnowing using the faucet, installed at the outlet of the discharge pipe. Thus, the following winnowing, as it is long or less, has a direct impact on the pump performance (power consumption, yield…. Thus, we propose to show through this work, the influence of the control valve on the different performance of our integrated solar pump in the solar pumping system, under climatic conditions in Trarza (Mauritania).
Keywords: Mauritania, Photovoltaic, Pumping, Matlab, Kaleida Graph, Winnowing.

Scope of the Article: Bio-Science and Bio-Technology