Modeling and Analysis of Piston using Various Piston Crown Geometries
Mohd Abdul Rahman1, P. Ravi Chander2, M. Prasad3

1Mohd Abdul Rahman*, Post graduate student in the field of mechanical Engineering at Methodist College of Engineering and Technology, Hyderabad, India.
2Dr.P.Ravi Chander, Assistant Professor, Department of mechanical engineering, Methodist College of Engineering and Technology, Hyderabad, India.
3M.Prasad, Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Methodist College of Engineering and Technology, Hyderabad, India.
Manuscript received on February 10, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on February 24, 2020. | Manuscript published on March 10, 2020. | PP: 1004-1012 | Volume-9 Issue-5, March 2020. | Retrieval Number: E2751039520/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.E2751.039520
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Abstract: Piston is the essential part of an IC engine and due to increase in manufacturing of automobiles of various types based on performance and power, the piston of an IC engine is under significant stress which causes wear of the piston. Piston is under mechanical and thermal loads due to combustion of the fuel and generation of high pressure gases. To reduce the damage incurred on an IC piston by the combustion of fuel the crown geometry of the piston can be modified. This reduces the wear incurred on an IC engine piston and increases the life of the IC engine piston. To understand the impact of mechanical loads on the piston static structural analysis has to be performed and to understand the impact of thermal loads, thermal analysis has to be performed. In this paper we have modeled three dimensional pistons with four different crown geometries using CATIA and performed static structural and thermal analysis in ANSYS to find total deformation, equivalent (von-misses) stress, maximum shear stress, temperature and heat flux. So we can find the best crown geometry for the manufacturing of IC engine piston. 
Keywords: ANSYS/CATIA, IC Engine Piston, Static Structural and Thermal Analysis, Various Piston Crown Geometries.
Scope of the Article: Predictive Analysis