WSN and IoT Based Monitoring of Various Macronutrient Parameters and Disease Control of Banana Crop
Lina Desai1, R.P. Singh2, D.G. Khairnar3

1Lina Desai*, Assistant Professor, E&TC Department, D.Y. Patil college of Engineering, Ambi, Pune.
2R.P. Singh, Professor, Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal, MP, India.
3D.G. Khairnar, Professor, Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering, D.Y. Patil College of Engineering, Akurdi, Pune.
Manuscript received on February 10, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on February 20, 2020. | Manuscript published on March 10, 2020. | PP: 1290-1296 | Volume-9 Issue-5, March 2020. | Retrieval Number: E2802039520/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.E2802.039520
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Abstract: In India, banana is an important fruit. In this research, we designed and develop a precision agriculture system to monitor the various macronutrients and various crucial parameters to control and early detection of various diseases of banana crop using Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) and Internet of Things (IoT). Developed precision agriculture system is used various sensors to sense and measure various micronutrients like Magnesium (Mg), Calcium (Ca), Sulfur (S), nitrite content in soil, ground water quality, crop growth, pest detection, crop on line monitoring, animal intrusion into the field and so on. It also measures the different parameters like change in weather, temperature, humidity, moisture changes in soil, quality and fertility of soil, various weeds, and level of water. Precision agriculture system implemented using advance sensors and improved technologies like WSN, IoT. Research experimental results show significant improvement in quality of banana fruit and overall production of banana crop. Before design and implementation we have carried out a detailed literature review on various approaches of precision monitoring system using Internet of Things (IoT). Proposed precision agriculture system can be used to automate and complete control of all farming processes. Our major focused is on monitoring macronutrients like Magnesium (Mg), Calcium (Ca) and Sulfur (S) parameters, to supply balance macronutrients using automatic action and early detection of diseases and control of Banana Crops System which will result to increase the productivity and quality of Banana products. This precision agriculture system keep farmers/users updated and empowers with minimum manual tasks. 
Keywords: Internet of Things, Wireless Sensor Networks, Monitoring, Macronutrients, Parameters, Magnesium (Mg), Calcium (Ca), Sulfur (S), Disease Control, Content in soil , Cloud Database Server, Precision Agriculture, Monitoring System, Banana Crops,, Productivity.
Scope of the Article: Wireless ad hoc & Sensor Networks