Seismic Design of Precast Component Beam-Column Joints using Headed Anchors
K. Padmanabham1, K. Rambabu2

1K. Padmanabham*, Research Scholar. Dept of Civil Engineering, Andhra University-College of Engineering, Visakhapatnam, Currently working as Associate Professor in Gayatri Vidya Parishad, College of Engineering, Visakhapatnam, India.
2K Rambabu, Professor, Department of Civil Engineering Andhra University, Visakhapatnam, India.
Manuscript received on February 10, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on February 25, 2020. | Manuscript published on March 10, 2020. | PP: 2132-2142 | Volume-9 Issue-5, March 2020. | Retrieval Number: E3020039520/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.E3020.039520
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Abstract: Precast construction system ensures high degree of quality, safety, and accelerated construction practice in R.C structures. It is well established in non-seismic conditions where gravity loads are predominated. But it is hesitated to implement during seismic conditions by the effect of lateral loads. Most of structural failures in precast framed structures are associated with beam-column joints as the integrated joint system experience high shear, and moments by cyclic action of seismic loads. In this context, researchers found that the joint distortions in precast system is well associated with its location of beam-column sub-assemblage. In beam-column joints the connections are attributed to locate in D-regions (D:Discrete) and B-regions (B:Beam) where the force transfer mechanism follows by strut – tie method (STM) or flexure beam theory(FBT) respectively. This paper analyzed the seismic performance of “Component Based Precast Joints”[CBPJ] located in D& B regions. To meet the convergence requirements, the connection systems are detailed by mechanical couplers and headed anchors. Five numerical models of exterior beam-column joints representing two models (BM1,BM2) of B-region and three models (DM1,DM2,DM3) of D-region are developed and verified their seismic performance with monolithic joint system by non-linear finite element analysis using ABAQUS software .The results indicated that the use of headed anchors in precast joints are effectively contributed to seismic requirements of shear, ductility, stiffness and energy dissipation. Also the precast joints located in D & B regions resembling good performance of joint sustainability during moderate seismic conditions as monolithic system. 
Keywords: Beam Column Joint, Coupler, Component Joint, Headed Bars, Precast System.
Scope of the Article: Component-Based Software Engineering