Hydro Chemical Characteristics and Groundwater Quality Assessment in Parts of Pambar River Basin, Tamil Nadu, India
S. Venkateswaran1, S. Karuppannan2, S. Vijay Prabhu3, R. Kannan4, S. Malar5, P. Prabu6

1S.Venkateswaran, Department of Geology, Periyar University, Salem (Tamil Nadu), India
2S.Karuppannan, Department of Geology, Periyar University, Salem (Tamil Nadu), India
3S.Vijay prabhu, Department of Geology, Periyar University, Salem (Tamil Nadu), India
4R.Kannan, Department of Geology, Periyar University, Salem (Tamil Nadu), India
5S.Malar, Department of Bio Technology, Periyar University, Salem (Tamil Nadu), India
6P.Prabu, Department of Industries and Earth Sciences, Tamil University, Thanjavur (Tamil Nadu), India
Manuscript received on 11 June 2013 | Revised Manuscript received on 17 June 2013 | Manuscript Published on 30 June 2013 | PP: 36-44 | Volume-3 Issue-1, June 2013 | Retrieval Number: F0857052613/13©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: Understanding geochemical characteristics of groundwater is vital for the support of habitat and for maintaining the quality of base flow to rivers, while its quality assessment is essential to ensure sustainable safe use of the resources for drinking, agricultural, and industrial purposes. Twenty seven sample sites were selected systematically and samples were taken for a reference line study to understand the geochemistry of the groundwater and to assess the overall physicochemical faces for pre and post monsoon. Sampling was carried out using pre-cleaned polyethylene containers. The physical and chemical parameters of the analytical results of groundwater were compared with the standard guideline values recommended by the World Health Organization for drinking and public health standards. Thematic maps pertaining to TDS, EC, TH, Cl, NO3, SO4, F , SAR, Na, Na % and RSC were generated using ArcGIS platform. To find out the distribution pattern of the concentration of different elements and to demarcate the higher concentration zones, the spatial maps for various elements were also generated, discussed, and presented.
Keywords: Geochemistry, Spatial Analysis, Water Quality, Pambar.

Scope of the Article: Water Supply and Drainage