Genetic Algorithm and Particle Swarm Optimization Techniques for Inverted Pendulum Stabilization
S.Suganthi Amudhan1, Dwivedi Vedvyas J2, Bhavin Sedani3

1S.Suganthi Amudhan*, Assistant Professor, Electronics and Communication Engineering, Babaria Institute of Technology, Varnama, Gujarat, India.
2Dr. Dwivedi Vedvyas J, Pro Vice Chancellor, C U Shah University, Wadhwan City. Surendranagar Gujarat, India.
3Dr. Bhavin Sedani, Professor, Electronics and Communication Engineering, L.D. College of Engineering, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.
Manuscript received on March 15, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on March 28, 2020. | Manuscript published on April 10, 2020. | PP: 657-660 | Volume-9 Issue-6, April 2020. | Retrieval Number: F3426049620/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.F3426.049620
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Abstract: Inverted Pendulum is a popular non-linear, unstable control problem where implementation of stabilizing the pole angle deviation, along with cart positioning is done by using novel control strategies. Soft computing techniques are applied for getting optimal results. The evolutionary computation forms the key research area for adaptation and optimization. The approach of finding optimal or near optimal solutions to the problem is based on natural evolution in evolutionary computation. The genetic algorithm is a method based on biological evolution and natural selection for solving both constrained and unconstrained problems. Particle swarm optimization is a stochastic search method inspired by collective behavior of animals like flocking of birds, schooling of fishes, swarming of bees etc. that is suited to continuous variable problems. These methods are applied to the inverted pendulum problem and their performance studied. 
Keywords: Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) and Genetic Algorithm (GA), Evolutionary Computation (EC),Inverted pendulum, Fuzzy logic controller(FLC).
Scope of the Article: Discrete Optimization