Analysis of Bit Error Rate on M-ary QAM over Gaussian and Rayleigh Fading Channel
V Sangeetha1, P.N. Sudha2

1V.Sangeetha*, ECE Department, K.S. Institute of Technology (affiliated to VTU), Bangalore, India.
2Dr. P.N. Sudha, Prof &Head of ECE Department, K.S. Institute of Technology (affiliated to VTU), Bangalore, India.
Manuscript received on March 15, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on March 28, 2020. | Manuscript published on April 10, 2020. | PP: 482-485 | Volume-9 Issue-6, April 2020. | Retrieval Number: F3786049620/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.F3786.049620
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Abstract: Transmission of signal over long distance through the channel will result in poor signal quality reception at the receiver. The Signal quality is affected by means of fading and it can be minimized by using effective modulation techniques. Mary QAM is one of the effective modulation techniques as it has higher efficiency and effective form of modulation for data. MQAM is a modulation where data bit selects M combinations of amplitude and phase shifts that are applied to carrier. The analysis carried out based on Bit Error Rate on various M – Quadrature Amplitude Modulation schemes like 16 -QAM, 64- QAM and 256- QAM over Gaussian and Rayleigh Fading channel. The input data entered into QAM modulator then transmits over Gaussian channel and the QAM demodulator is performed at the receiver. The same process repeated over Rayleigh fading channel for M-QAM. Rayleigh fading is multipath fading channel will vary randomly according to the Rayleigh distribution. The MATLAB simulation is carried out to get experimental results on M-QAM and compared. The analysis shows that improved Bit Error Rate in 16-QAM over Gaussian and Rayleigh fading channel. 
Keywords: Bit Error Rate, Fading, Gaussian, M-QAM
Scope of the Article: Measurement & Performance Analysis.