Energy Aware Unequal Multi-Hop Weighted Cluster Heterogeneous Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Network
Neetu Mehta1, Arvind Kumar2

1Neetu Mehta, Department of Computer Enginering, SRM University, Sonepat (Haryana), India
2Arvind Kumar, Department of Computer Enginering, SRM University, Sonepat (Haryana), India

Manuscript received on 07 April 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 20 April 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 April 2019 | PP: 1334-1339 | Volume-8 Issue-6, April 2019 | Retrieval Number: F3870048619/19©BEIESP
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Abstract: In the earlier systems middle hop nodes which works for each and every data transmission consumes maximum energy which repeatedly affects the life time of the wireless sensor network. Later the stability of cluster became a serious issue in WSNs. Minimum level of stability may leads to rapid failure of cluster head, high energy consumption which leads to re-clustering at the earlier stage. It will greatly affect the overall performance of the network. In order to improve the stability of the clusters a novel method is proposed namely, EAUM-WCH routing protocol (Energy Aware unequal Multi-hop Weighted Cluster Heterogeneous Routing). The important process which is present in this protocol was weighted unequal cluster head selection, data aggregation, and event-driven cluster head rotation. The act of this protocol is evaluated by using Network Simulation 2 (NS2). The results show that the produced cluster by using the protocol has longer lifetime and higher stability. Simulation results also prove that while comparing the proposed protocol with the earlier protocols such as LEACH, ECHERP and EEQR, the proposed EAUM-WCH protocol is more efficient in balancing the stability and consumption of energy in the network and improves the lifetime of the wireless sensor network.
Keyword: Multi-hop Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Network, Energy Aware Unequal Weighted Clustering, Data Aggregation, Energy consumption and Network Stability.
Scope of the Article: Clustering