An Assessment of Gpu and Cpu based Convolutional Neural Network for Classification of White Blood Cells
Babatunde R. S.1, Adigun J. O.2, Okikiola F. M3

1Babatunde R. S.*, Department of Computer Science, Kwara State University, Malete, Kwara. Nigeria.
2Adigun, J. O., Department of Computer Technology, Yaba College of Technology, Lagos, Nigeria.
3Okikiola F.M., Department of Computer Technology, Yaba College of Technology, Lagos, Nigeria.
Manuscript received on April 20, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on April 30, 2020. | Manuscript published on May 10, 2020. | PP: 554-559 | Volume-9 Issue-7, May 2020. | Retrieval Number: F4068049620/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.F4068.059720
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Abstract: White blood cell (Leukocytes) is made up of bone marrow located in the blood and lymph tissue. They are portion of the human body’s immune system, thereby helping the body system to fight against infection and other related diseases. The number of leukocytes in the blood is usually part of a complete blood cell (CBC) test, which may be used to check for conditions such as infection, inflammation, allergies, and leukemia. Automation of variance count of leukocytes offers valuable information to medical pathologist to diagnose and treat of many blood based diseases. Early characterization and classification of blood sample is a major lacuna in the medical field, giving rise to lots of challenges for pathologist to adequately predict blood based disease. Several successful efforts have been made to address the aforementioned challenges with the use of machine learning generally and Convolution Neural Network in particular. However the processor configuration which can result in real time, and accurate classification of the high dimensional pattern is imminent, and a vast number of researchers are not explicit on the system configuration used to obtain the result in their report, which is the crux of this research. In this research,12,500 augment images of blood cells was obtained from the Kaggle Repository online. The leukocytes are contained in the blood smear image and categorized into five major types of their types: Neutrophil, Eosinophil, Basophil, Lymphocyte and Monocyte. The color, geometric and texture features are used by the pathologists to differentiate the leukocytes. The Simulation was done using python programing language and python libraries including Keras, pandas, sklearn, numpy, scipy and matplot for potting of graphs of results. The simulation was done on both CPU and GPU processor to compare the performance of the processors on CNNs based classification of the data. While CPU has faster clock speed GPU has more cores. Hence the evaluation metrics used which are precision, specificity, sensitivity, training accuracy and validation accuracy revealed that GPU processor outperforms CPU in terms of the stated metrics of comparison. Therefore a high configuration processor (GPU), which handles graphics better is recommended for processing image data that involves the use of machine learning techniques 
Keywords: Convolution neural network, Image Data, leukocytes, 
Scope of the Article: Machine Learning.