Stabilization of Red soil and Black Cotton soil using Iron Slag and Fly Ash
Madhur Mahiyar1, Punit Singh Sikarwar2, Nitin Gupta3, Prashant Tomar4, Shashank Agarwal5

1Madhur Mahiyar*, Department of Civil Engineering, Medi-Caps University, Indore (M.P.), India.
2Punit Singh Sikarwar, Department of Civil Engineering, Medi-Caps University, Indore (M.P.), India.
3Nitin Gupta, Department of Civil Engineering, Medi-Caps University, Indore (M.P.), India.
4Prashant Singh Tomar, Department of Civil Engineering, Medi-Caps University, Indore (M.P.), India.
5Shashank Agrawal, Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Medi-Caps University, Indore (M.P.), India.
Manuscript received on March 15, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on March 25, 2020. | Manuscript published on April 10, 2020. | PP: 1314-1319 | Volume-9 Issue-6, April 2020. | Retrieval Number: F4330049620/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.F4330.049620
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Abstract: The infrastructure is increasing day by day which leads to construction in the space where soil is not much of good strength and the Safe Bearing Capacity of soil is very low. In such areas soil stabilization can prove to be good alternative for improvement in its properties. The stabilization has been found to be effective in improvement of strength and compressibility. If soil is used for any construction purpose like pavement construction or embankments then such constructions may prove to be cost effective. Mixer like what is used in concrete making can be employed to mix the soil with different admixtures (Iron slag and fly ash) and then placing a mix soil for making road and embankment. If such constructions are done without stabilization then it will lead to decrease in strength and also increase in construction cost. The structures built upon such soil may also lead to failure. Initially cement and lime have been used to stabilize the soil but now we need to find other alternatives as there is lot of CO2 emission in the production of cement which is not safe for our environment. The alternatives to be used should not harm to the environment. In the present study we have used fly ash and iron slag in different proportion for red soil which obtained by the weathering of basalt (It is termed as red bole in Geological terms). The percentage of iron slag is used as 2%,4%,6%,8% and 15%by weight of soil and fly ash is used in 10%, 15%, 20% and 25%by weight of soil. After procuring the soil the Standard Proctor Tests were conducted to determine the Optimum Moisture Content and Maximum Dry Density. Red bole soil and black cotton soil are stabilized using iron slag and fly ash and then the results of various tests have been compared. Consistency Limits, Specific Gravity, Free Swell Index, Standard Proctor, Permeability, Direct Shear, Unconfined Compression Strength and Swelling Pressure tests were performed on each soil (i.e. red bole and black cotton). The tests were performed using the standard codes and the methodology as per various IS codes. 
Keywords: Black Cotton Soil, Fly ash, Iron Slag, Red Bole, Stabilization.
Scope of the Article: Soil-Structure Interaction