Determination of Soil Bearing Capacity from Spectral Analysis of Surface Wave Test, Standard Penetration Test and Mackintosh Probe Test
Sadia Mannan Mitu1, Norinah Abd. Rahman2, Aizat Mohd Taib3, Khairul Anuar Mohd Nayan4
1Sadia Mannan Mitu*, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia.
2Norinah Abd Rahman*, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia.
3Aizat Mohd Taib, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia.
4Khairul Anuar Mohd Nayan, Retired Senior Lecturer of the Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi Selangor, Malaysia.
Manuscript received on April 20, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on April 30, 2020. | Manuscript published on May 10, 2020. | PP: 340-346 | Volume-9 Issue-7, May 2020. | Retrieval Number: G5006059720/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.G5006.059720
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Spectral Analysis of Surface Wave (SASW) method is one of soil investigation methods which promotes cost-effective and less time-consuming procedures, apart form of its non-destructive nature. This study aims to determine the soil ultimate bearing capacity obtained from the SASW method by using Ali Keceli’s equation for sandy silt soil. The finding in terms of bearing capacity is then compared to the Standard Penetration Test (SPT) and Mackintosh Probe (MP) results. All the tests were conducted at seven different locations. It is found that there is no 1:1 relationship between the bearing capacity obtained from SPT and SASW although the pattern of the trendline is similar. However, the pattern of the trendline captured is not as similar as SPT for MP and SASW. The coefficient of determination (R2 ) between SPT and SASW varies from 0.74 to 0.95 and the R2 between the MP and SASW varies from 0.43 to 0.77. The overall R 2 found for SPT and SASW is 0.87 and 0.74 for MP and SASW in all locations. For the comparison with SPT and MP, SASW is well-correlated with SPT and moderately with MP. From this study, it can be concluded that SASW has the potential to determine the ultimate bearing capacity of soil as an alternative to SPT and MP tests.
Keywords: Ultimate bearing capacity, Geophysical method, Shear wave velocity, SASW, Standard penetration test, Mackintosh Probe.
Scope of the Article: Frequency Selective Surface