Measurement of Bone Density Parameters using Ultrasound and Hardware Development on bone Density Measurement
Kunal Khosla1, Apurva Naik2

1Kunal Khosla, Department of Technology, from MIT World Peace University,
2Dr. Apurva Naik, Department of Technology Electronics from Shivaji University, Kolhapur

Manuscript received on 06 August 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 12 August 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 August 2019 | PP: 29 | Volume-8 Issue-10, August 2019 | Retrieval Number: J95510881019/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.J9551.0881019
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Abstract: Ultrasound waves due to their inherent small wave- length can be used in diagnosis or evaluation of tissue. Ultrasound simulations can be useful to investigate and analyze different properties at different sites especially when there is no volumetric data available. In the proposed paper, simulation of ultrasound in a 2-D bone model and hardware implementation has been presented. Due to complex structures of bone, a simple linear model consisting of both cortical and cancellous bone has been proposed. In the simulation, a broadband emitter with center frequency of 1 Megahertz is used along with an array of receivers to capture the signal. An attempt has been made to calculate bone density parameters in-vivo for human feet, and finally display the computed parameters onto a LCD using Arduino Uno Board. An algorithm involving fourier transforms was used to calculate Broadband Ultrasound Attenuation (BUA) and Speed of Sound (SoS) in Matrix Laboratory (MATLAB).
Keywords: Broadband Ultrasound Attenuation, Speed of Sound, Simsonic, Matrix Laboratory, Osteoporosis, Osteopenia, Quantitative Ultrasound.

Scope of the Article: Measurement & Performance Analysis