Comparative Study on Progressive Collapse of An Irregular (Lshaped) Flat Slab Building by Linear Static Analysis using ETABS
Shazia Begum1, B K Kolhapure2
1Shazia Begum, Department of P.D.A. College of Engineering Kalburgi (Karnataka), India.
2B K Kolhapure, Associate Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, P.D.A. College of Engineering Kalburgi (Karnataka), India.
Manuscript received on July 19, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on July 24, 2020. | Manuscript published on August 10, 2020. | PP: 394-401 | Volume-9 Issue-10, August 2020 | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijitee.J75700891020 | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.J7570.0891020
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Abstract: Concrete and steel structures influences the construction of multi-storey structures. The aid of progressive collapse increases when there is a failure of one or more load bearing structural elements. Thereafter, this case study is carried out to determine the prospective of the progressive collapse of an irregular (L shaped) building due to the failure or removal of two adjacent columns at a time present in the ground floor. Failure may occur because of the natural or manmade accidental loads like explosion or seismic loads, collision of vehicles, etc. Columns at different locations were removed and the slab loads had been increased as per the General Services Administration (GSA) guidelines and the results in terms of Demand Capacity Ratios (DCR) are compared for all the cases. The Demand to Capacity Ratios were calculated for the interested columns. It is observed that when the interior columns were removed then the possibility of progressive collapse is more. This study has been made for the case or earthquake forces for corresponding zone II and zone V.
Keywords: Progressive collapse, Demand capacity ratio, Column removal, ETABS.
Scope of the Article: Building Climate Systems