Sculpture in Modern Environment: Educational Technology
Elena S. Medkova

Elena S. Medkova, Institute of Art Education and Cultural Studies of the Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia.
Manuscript received on 07 August 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 14 August 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 August 2019 | PP: 2704-2712 | Volume-8 Issue-10, August 2019 | Retrieval Number: J94520881019/19©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.J9452.0881019
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Abstract: The article looks at the issues connected with art education aimed at training professional sculptors and qualified spectators. It outlines the main problems of sculptural thinking in the Russian mentality. The current situation is described in terms of shifting paradigms related to filling the everyday environment of Russian cities with sculptural objects. The article provides results of the research into preferences of population groups most knowledgeable about art, such as experts in art education, teachers and professional sculptors. A stable tradition of visual thinking rather than using tactile imagery has been identified, as well as preferences for the realistic paradigm of art and academic traditions at all stages of sculptors’ training. At the same time, the article shows positive changes in the social demand towards small-scale sculpture that is actively present in the living environment of a modern person. The main problems of sculptor training at different levels of education are indicated. The author suggests a new model of teaching sculpture based on the actualization of mythological traditions in the cultural paradigm of postmodernism.
Index Terms: Art Education in Russia, Mythological Structures in Sculpture, Sculptural Thinking, Sculpture, Symbolism of Shapes in Sculpture, Visual and Tactile Thinking.

Scope of the Article: Evaluation of Building Envelope Systems under Structural and Environmental Loads