Recent Updates on Electrochemical Detection of Perchlorate Ions
Nisha Rani1, Kuldeep Singh2, Nitin Kumar Sharma3, Anuj Singal4

1Nisha Rani, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, GJUS&T, Hisar (Haryana), India.
2Kuldeep Singh, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, GJUS&T, Hisar (Haryana), India.
3Nitin kanva, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, GJUS&T, Hisar (Haryana), India.
4Anuj singal, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, GJUS&T, Hisar (Haryana), India.

Manuscript received on 02 August 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 10 August 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 August 2019 | PP: 4326-4335 | Volume-8 Issue-10, August 2019 | Retrieval Number: J98070881019/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.J9807.0881019
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Abstract: Perchlorate is a highly toxic compound. It has both chemical and physical properties. Perchlorate is not easily degradable compound by both bio and non-bio degradation process because of its high stability, highly water soluble compound and low absorption. That’s why perchlorate reduction becomes a big challenge. In this research work we studied different type of electrochemical technique and effect of different electrodes on these techniques. In present days, many techniques were developed for the detection or reduction of perchlorate such as bio-degradation, optical, chemical, electrochemical and microbial technique. This article gives information about application of electrochemical technique for the detection or reduction of perchlorate. The electrochemical techniques have various types for the detection of ion. These techniques grouped on the behalf of various types of electrical signal such as potential or voltage, current and impedance which were produce in the presence of perchlorate into aqueous solution. Electrochemical technique such as impedance spectroscopy, this technique was performed on the electrochemical work station by applied a constant range of frequency. In cyclic voltammetry technique we were given a constant potential range and found results in the form of oxidation and reduction current. In the reduction of perchlorate history various researcher was found results using different electrochemical technique on different types of electrodes. The perchlorate salts and perchlorate have some useful application in the defense field, batteries, automobile airbags, rocket propellants and fuels. Perchlorate contamination is become a worldwide health problems. In many western states perchlorate was found in ground and surface water. It disturbs the thyroid gland to uptake iodine the human body. So its prevention technique was needed. However, the electrochemical techniques have more advantage such as low cost, user friendly, label free and real time monitoring over all other techniques. So we focus on electrochemical detection technique for the perchlorate.
Keywords: Perchlorate Treatment, Electrochemical Detection, Electrochemical Work Station, Electrochemical Techniques, Electrodes.

Scope of the Article: Computational Techniques in Civil Engineering