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Volume-4 Issue-9, February 2015, ISSN:  2278-3075 (Online)
Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering & Sciences Publication Pvt. Ltd. 

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Chrysanthi Argiropoulou, Kosmas-Aristotelis Doucas

Paper Title:

The Effect of the Canopy of Scots Pines (P. Sylvestris) in Positioning Accuracy Utilizing the Network of Permanent GPS Reference Stations of the Hellenic Positioning System (HEPOS)

Abstract: The creation of Permanent Reference Stations and the implementation of network positioning techniques can significantly improve the positioning accuracy in forested conditions. The Hellenic Positioning System (HEPOS) is the first Network of Permanent GPS Reference Stations in Greece. The aim of the paper is to test the positioning accuracy within a conifer forest of Scots pines (Pinus sylvestris) using HEPOS system and an implementation of four Real Time (RTK) GPS techniques: the Virtual Reference Stations (VRS), the Master-Auxiliary Concept (MAC) technique, the Single-Base technique and the Network-based DGPS technique. In the study area, pines with normal growth and pines with stunted growth and bushy appearance were found. So three measurement testing courses were established: first under closed canopy of isolated pines with busy appearance, second above canopy of isolated pines with busy appearance (open sky) and finally under closed canopy of pines with normal growth, that are forest cluster with high canopy density. The results were obtained by comparing the measurements of points as recorded by the GPS receiver Leica GS09 GNSS with the measurements of points as recorded by the total station Leica TCR 407, whose measurements are taken as ¨true values¨. The measurements were carried out in the national forest of Lailia, Serres, Macedonia, Northern Greece.

 Permanent reference station, VRS, MAC, Single Base, Network DGPS.


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2.          Argiropoulou Chrysanthi, K-A Doucas, V. Drosos, V. Giannoulas, 2012. Εvaluation of reliability of HEllenic POsitioning System (HEPOS) in forest and forest lands (area). In 45th International Symposium on Forestry Mechanization, FORMEC 2012, Dubrovnik, Croatia 2012.

3.          Brian H. Holley and Michael D. Yawn. Accuracies of various gps antennas under forested conditions, Proceedings of the 5th Southern Forestry and Natural Resources GIS Conference, Asheville, North Carolina, June 12-14, 2006.

4.          Burlet, E., 2001. Global Positioning System. Grundlagen und Anwendungsmöglichkeiten im Forstwesen. Lecture Notes, ETH Zürich. pp 6, 8, 9/39.

5.          Darche, M.H., 1998. A Comparison of Four New GPS Systems under Forestry Conditions. Forest Engineering Institute of Canada Special Report 128, Pointe Claire, Quebec, Canada. 16 p.

6.          Delicaraoglou D. (2006). “Prospects from the network infrastructure of HEPOS for the transmission of spatial information via Web service and radio mobile modem”, 9ο national conference of cartography, Chania, Greece, 2006.

7.          Gianniou M. (2008a). “HEPOS and modern network GPS techniques”, Two days conference: “HEPOS and modern geodetic reference systems: Theory and implementation, prospects and applications”, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece, 2008.

8.          Gianniou M. (2008b). “HEPOS: Modern network-based GPS surveying”, www. hepos.gr, (accessed January 06, 2012).

9.          Gianniou, Μ. and Mastoris, D., (2006). Development of the Greek positioning system HEPOS. In fourth panhellenic conference HellasGIS, Αthens, Greece, 2006.

10.       Hofmann – Wellenhof. B. & Lichtenegger, H. & Wasle, E., 2008. GNSS: Global Navigation Satellite Systems – GPS, GLONASS, Galileo, and More. Springer, 516 p.

11.       Holden, N.M. & Martin, A.A. & Owende P.M.O. & Ward, S.M., 2001. A Method For Relating GPS Performance To Forest Canopy, International Journal Of Forest Engineering, Vol. 12, no. 2: 7-12 pp.

12.       Karsky, D., Chamberlain, K., Mancebo, S., Patterson, D. and Jasumback, T., 2000. Comparison of GPS Receivers under a Forest Canopy with Selective Availability Off. USDA Forest Service Project Report 7100. 21 p.

13.       Ktimatologio SA (2007). Technical training requirements of forest maps, Athens, Greece, 2007.
14.       Liu, C.J., and Brantigan, R., 1996. Using differential GPS for forest traverse surveys. Canadian Journal of Forestry Research 25, 1795-1805.
15.       Mancebo, S., and K. Chamberlain, 2001. Performance Testing of the Trimble Pathfinder Pro XR Global Positioning System Receiver. USDA Forest Service Technical Note. l0p.

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17.       Piedallu, C. and Gégout, J.-C., 2005. Effects of Forest Environment and Survey Protocol on GPS Accuracy, Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing Vol. 71, No. 9, September 2005, pp. 1071–1078.

18.       Pirti A., 2008. Accuracy Analysis of GPS Positioning Near the Forest Environment. Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering, 29(2): 189–201.

19.       Rodríguez-Pérez, J., Álvarez, R., Flor, M., Sanz, E. and Gavela, A. (2006). Comparison of GPS Receiver Accuracy and Precision in Forest Environments. Practical Recommendations Regarding Methods and Receiver Selection. In XXIII FIG Congress, Shaping the Change, Munich, Germany, 2006.

20.       Scott D. Danskin and Pete Bettinger, Thomas R. Jordan, 2006. Assessing gps accuracy, waas, and a choke ring antenna solution in a southern hardwood forest, Proceedings of the 5th Southern Forestry and Natural Resources GIS Conference, Asheville, North Carolina, June 12-14, 2006.

21.       Sigrist, P. & Coppin, P. & Hermy. M., 1999. Impact of forest canopy on quality and accuracy of GPS measurements. International Journal of Remote Sensing, vol. 20, issue (18), pp: 3595–3610.

22.       Stjernberg, E., 1997. A Test of GPS Receivers in Old-growth Forest Stands on the Queen Charlotte Islands. Forest Engineering Institute of Canada Special Report 125, Vancouver, BC, Canada. 26 p.

23.       Wing, Michael G., Eklund, Aaron, Kellogg, Loren D., 2005. Consumer-Grade Global Positioning System (GPS) Accuracy and Reliability. Journal of Forestry, Volume 103, Number 4, June 2005, pp. 169-173(5), Publisher: Society of American Foresters.

24.       www.hepos.gr, accessed December 27, 2013.






Chrysanthi Argiropoulou, Kosmas-Aristotelis Doucas

Paper Title:

An Improved Hadamard-Coiflets Transform for Image Compression with Arithmetic Coding

Abstract: Recently the growths of the digital imaging applications have increased the need of various image compression techniques. To remove the redundant information from the image the image compression is used. With the help of image compression we can store the essential information of the image so that the storage size, the time and bandwidth of transmission get reduce. Recently the research on image compression techniques inspired us to propose Hadamard-Coiflets transform with arithmetic coding to increase the visual quality of image. The improved Hadamard-Coiflets transform with arithmetic coding is good techniques of compression and can able to give higher PSNR value as compared to various existing methods.  Here the Hadamard-Coiflets transform is applice first and then on each block of the low frequency subband and split all values from each transformed block followed by applying arithmetic coding for image compression.

Image Compression, Hadamard-Coiflets Transform and Arithmetic Coding.


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4.          MPEG-2video, ITU-T-Recommendation H.262-ISO/IEC 13818-2, Jan. 1995.

5.          Ronald A. DeVore, Bjorn Jawerth and Bradley J. Lucier, “Image Compression Through Wavelet Transform Coding”, IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, Vol. 38. No. 2, March 1992.

6.          D. Taubman, E. Ordentlich, M.Weinberger, G. Seroussi, I. Ueno, and F. Ono, “Embedded block coding in JPEG2000,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Image Processing, vol. 2, 2000, pp. 33–36.

7.          J. M. Shapiro, “Embedded image coding using zerotrees of wavelet coefficients,” IEEE Trans. Signal Process., vol. 41, no. 12, pp. 3445–3462, Dec. 1993.

8.          S. Servetto, K. Ramchandran, and M. Orchard, “Image coding based on a morphological representation of wavelet data,” IEEE Trans. Image Processing, vol. 8, pp. 1161–1173, Sept. 1999.

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10.       D. Alani, A. Averbuch, and S. Dekel, “Image coding with geometric wavelets,” IEEE Trans. Image Process., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 69–77, Jan. 2007.

11.       Said and W. A. Pearlman, “A new, fast and efficient image codec based on set portioning in hierarchical trees,” IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. Video Technol., vol. 6,no. 3, pp. 243–250, Jun. 1996.

12.       Marc Antonini, Michel Barlaud, Member, Pierre Mathieu, and Ingrid Daubechies, “Image Coding Using Wavelet Transform”, IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, Vol. I , No 2. April 1992.

13.       Iren Valova and Yukio Kosugi, “Hadamard-Based Image Decomposition and Compression”, IEEE Transactions on Information Technology in Biomedicine, Vol. 4, No. 4, December 2000.1

14.       Sonja Grgic, Mislav Grgic and Branka Zovko-Cihlar, “Performance Analysis of Image Compression Using Wavelets”, IEEE Transactions On Industrial Electronics, Vol. 48, No. 3, June 2001.

15.       Arthur Petrosian, “New Classes of Hybrid Hadamard-Wavelet Transforms for Signal-Image Processing”, Proceeaings of the Second Jam EMES BMES Conference  Houston TX. JSA - Oclooer 23-26, 2002.

16.       Sunil Malviya ,Neelesh Gupta and Vibhanshu Shirvastava, “ 2D-Discrete Walsh Wavelet Transform for Image Compression with Arithmetic Coding”, 4th ICCCNT-2013.

17.       Dong Liu, Xiaoyan Sun, Feng Wu, Shipeng Li and Ya-Qin Zhang,“Image Compression With Edge-Based Inpainting”, IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, Vol. 17, No. 10, October 2007.






V. Balaji, L. Rajaji

Paper Title:

ARX-Model based Model Predictive Control of a pH Process using LabVIEW

Abstract:  ARX models, is a suitable model for linear control implementations. The parameter estimation problem is convex and easily handed for both SISO and MIMO system.   This paper deals with a novel formulation of ARX Model –Predictive control for the pH Process in a Continuous Stirrer Tank Reactor(CSTR).An illustrative simulation is conducted to compare the proposed model based controller with the conventional  Proportional – Integral –Derivative(PID)  controller for the pH purification process. The simulation results confirm that MPC is one of the best possibilities for successful control for pH process.

pH Purification, Model Predictive Control, PID controller, CSTR,  LabVIEW


1.       James B. Rawlings, “Model Predictive ControlTechnology” Proceedings of the American ControlConference San Diego, California June 1999.
2.       S. J. Qin and T. A. Badgwell, “A survey of industrialmodel predictive control technology,” Control Engineering Practice, vol. 11, pp.733–764, 2003.

3.       Henson, M. A., “Nonlinear Model Predictive Control: current status and future directions” Computers and Chemical Engineering, 1998.

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5.       J.M. Maciejowski: Predictive control with constraints. Prentice-Hall,Pearson Education Limited, Harlow, UK, 2002.

6.       Camacho, E. F., “Model Predictive Control”, Springer Verlag, 2004.

7.       S.J. Qin, T.A. Badgwell, An overview of industrial model predictive control technology, in Chemical Process Control, Tahoe City, 1996, pp.232-256.

8.       LabVIEW (2014) System Identification Toolkit User Manual. National Instruments

9.       K. Valarmathi, D. Devaraj and T. K. Radhakrishnan.Intelligent techniques for system Identification ancontroller Tuning in ph process. Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering Vol. 26, No. 01, pp. 99 – 111 January - March, 2009.

10.    Radhakrishnan V.R. and S.W. Wah, Wiener Type Model for pH Neutralization Process,Proceedings of RSCE2002 and 16th SOMChE, (2002), Malaysia.   






P. Radha, B. Srinivasan

Paper Title:

Hybrid Artificial Bee Colony Algorithm and Semi Supervised Learning Prediction Model for the Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in Type-2 Diabetic Patients

Abstract:   Cardiovascular disease (CVD) factor is one of the important causes of mortality among diabetes patients. Statistics shows that more than 22% of people with type 2 diabetes mellitus suffer from CVD and which in turn leads to cardiovascular disease. But still some of the works doesn’t mainly focus on the semisupervised learning methods with feature selection methods to enhance the prediction accuracy of the classification methods. The aim of this research was to identify significant CVD factors influencing type 2 diabetes controls to improve prediction accuracy. In proposed methods the preprocessing and dimensionality reduction of the patients records is done  by using Kullback Leiber Divergence(KLD) –Principal component analysis (PCA) ,then attribute values measurement is completed by using  kernel density estimation (KDE) which measures the attributes values based on probability mass function with Gaussian kernel function, feature selection is performed by using artificial bee colony with differential evolution (ABC-DE). Hybrid prediction model Improved Fuzzy C Means (IFCM) clustering algorithm aimed at validating chosen class label of given data and subsequently applying semisupervised Modified Self-Organizing Feature Map Neural Network (MSOFMNN) classification algorithm to the result set.  The proposed method examines the behavioral factors that contribute to CVD risk factors among those with type 2 diabetes (T2D) with higher prediction accuracy, less error rate.

Artificial bee colony (ABC), Classification, Hybrid Prediction Model,  Kernel density estimation (KDE),   Modified Self-Organizing Feature Map Neural Network (MSOFMNN).


1.          Sarwar N, Gao P, Seshasai SR, et al,  “Diabetes mellitus, fasting blood glucose concentration, and risk of vascular disease: a collaborative meta-analysis of 102 prospective studies”, Emerging Risk Factors Collaboration, vol.375,no.9733, pp.2215-22,2010.
2.          Rydén, L, Standl, E, Bartnik, M, Van den Berghe, G, Betteridge, J, De Boer, MJ & Wood, D. (2007). Task Force on Diabetes and Cardiovascular Diseases of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC); European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD). Guidelines on diabetes, pre-diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases: executive summary: The Task Force on Diabetes and Cardiovascular Diseases of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD). European Heart Journal, vol.28, no.1, pp. 88-136.

3.          National Collaborating Centre for Chronic Conditions. Type 2 Diabetes National Clinical Guideline for Management in Primary and Secondary Care (update), 2011.

4.          Chamnan P, Simmons RK, Sharp SJ, et al, “Cardiovascular risk assessment scores for people with diabetes: a systematic review”, Diabetologia vol. 52, no.10,
pp.2001-14, 2009.

5.          Pellegrini E, Maurantonio M, Giannico IM, et al. “Risk for cardiovascular events in an Italian population of patients with type 2 diabetes”, Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases,vol.21,no.11, pp.885-92,2011.

6.          Acharya, UR, Tan, PH, Subramaniam, T, Tamura, T, Chua, KC, Goh, SC, et al, “Automated identification of diabetic type 2 subjects with and without neuropathy using wavelet transform on pedobarograph”, Journal of Medical Systems, vol.32,no.1,pp. 21–29,2008.

7.          Chapelle ,O, Scholkopf, B & Zien. A, “Semi-Supervised Learning”, vol. 2. Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT press, 2006.

8.          X. Zhu, “Semi-supervised learning literature survey,” Department of  Computer Science  University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA, Technical  Report 1530, 2007.

9.          Gaede P, Vedel P, Larsen N, Jensen GV, Parving HH, Pedersen O , “Multifactorial intervention and cardiovascular disease in patients with type 2 diabetes”, New England Journal of Medicine, ,vol.348, no.5, pp.383–393,2003.

10.       Gaede P, Lund-Andersen H, Parving HH, Pedersen O , “ Effect of a multifactorial intervention on mortality in type 2 diabetes”, New England Journal of Medicine, Med ,vol.358,no.6 ,pp.580–591,2008 .

11.       Nissen, SE, & Wolski, K , “ Effect of rosiglitazone on the risk of myocardial infarction and death from cardiovascular causes”, New England Journal of Medicine, vol.356,no.24, pp.2457-2471,2007.

12.       George Dimitoglou, Adams, JA, Carol MJ, “Comparison of the C4.5 and a Naive Bayes Classifier for the Prediction of Lung Cancer Survivability”, Journal of Computing, vol. 4, no.8, 2012.

13.       Rish I, Hellerstein, J, Thathachar, J, “ An analysis of data characteristics that affect Naive Bayes performance”, New York. IBM Technical Report; 2002. http://www.research.ibm.com/ PM/icml01.pdf (2007).

14.       Hall M, “Correlation-based feature selection for machine learning”, PhD thesis. Hamilton, New Zealand: Department of Computer Science, University of Waikato; 1999. http:// www.cs.waikato.ac.nz/_mhall/thesis.pdf ( 2007).

15.       Su CT, Yang CH, Hsu KH, Chiu WK, “Data mining for the diagnosis for type II diabetes from three-dimensional body surface anthropometrical scanning data”, Computers & Mathematics with Applications ,vol.51,no.1, pp.1075—92, 2006.

16.       Yu, L, & Liu, H (2003), “ Feature selection for high-dimensional data: A fast correlation-based filter solution”, In Proceedings of the 20th international conference on machine learning, pp. 856–863.

17.       Dalakleidi, KV, Zarkogianni, K,  Karamanos, VG ,  Thanopoulou, AC & Nikita, KS, “A hybrid genetic algorithm for the selection of the critical features for risk prediction of cardiovascular complications in Type 2 Diabetes patients”, IEEE 13th International Conference on Bioinformatics and Bioengineering (BIBE), pp.1 – 4,2013.

18.       Huda, Shamsul, et al,  "Exploring novel features and decision rules to identify cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy using a hybrid of wrapper-filter based feature selection" , Sixth IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Sensors, Sensor Networks and Information Processing (ISSNIP), pp. 297-302, 2010.

19.       Myatt, GJ, “Making sense of data a practical guide to exploratory data analysis and data mining”, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, 2007.

20.       Han, J & Kamber, M, “Data mining: Concepts and techniques”, 2nd edition, Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, 2006.

21.       Suguna, N & Thanushkodi, KG, “An Independent Rough Set Approach Hybrid with Artificial Bee Colony Algorithm for Dimensionality Reduction”, American Journal of Applied Sciences, vol.8, no.3, pp. 261 – 266, 2011.

22.       Bao, L & Zeng,  Jc, “Comparison and Analysis of the Selection Mechanism in the Artificial Bee Colony Algorithm”, Proceedings of IEEE 9th  International Conference on Hybrid Intelligent Systems, pp.411-416, 2009.

23.       Patra, S, Ghosh, S , Ghosh,A , “ Change detection of remote sensing images with semi-supervised multilayer perceptron” , Fundamenta Informaticae ,vol.84 ,pp.429–442,2008.

24.       Chawla, NV, Bowyer, KW, Hall, LO & Kegelmeyer, WP , “SMOTE: Synthetic minority over-sampling technique”, Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research (JAIR), vol.16, pp.321–357,2002.






B. Shankar

Paper Title:

Innovative Approaches to Cost Effective Housing: A Case Study of Kudremala Slum, Mysore

Abstract: In developing countries like India, the number of slums and squatter settlements are increasing particularly in large cities. Mysore City one of the large cities in India and there are large number of slums and squatter settlements. Kudremala slum is one of the squatter settlements and the housing and development of infrastructure was not addressed by the Karnataka Slum Clearance and Improvement Board due to its land tenure problem for quite a long time.  Kudremla had 120 households when the project was initiated. The innovative housing project was initiated by the local community jointly with the Non-government organisation by mobilising funds from international funding agency SELVIP and government agencies.  The paper presents the processes of innovative approaches to cost effective housing in Kudremala slum through partnership of CBO and NGO, resource mobilisation efforts and use of cost effective technology including the self-help techniques in promoting housing and development of infrastructure.

 Community Based Organisation, Self-help Housing, Nongovernmental Organisation, Land Tenure, Cost-effective Technology.


1.       Shankar B., “Inclusive Urban Planning: Challenges and Strategies of Karnataka State”, Poster Paper, IDES_CPS, Civil Engineering Series-Advances in Civil Engineering ACE, Ed., pp-11-15, 2011, New York.
2.       Shankar B and Chidambara Swamy, ” Urban Poverty Alleviation: Experiences of Community Development Initiatives in Karnataka”, International Journal of Recent Trends in Engineering, Vol.1, No.6 , Academy Publishers, Finland May 2009

3.       M.S Shivashanmughan and Istiyak Ahmed : “Role of NGOs in the Shelter Process of Low-income people with Special Emphasis on Housing Finance”, Research Report No. 10 IHSP, HUDCO, New Delhi.

4.       Dr. Shankar . B (1998), Housing through NGOs and CBOs – A Case Study of Kudremala Slum, Administrative Training Institute,  Mysore.

5.       Monendez, Aurelio (1993): “Access to Basic Infrastructure by the Urban Poor”, Economic Development Institute of the World Bank, The World Bank, Washington D.C.

6.       UNCHS, Shelter for the Homeless: the role of Non-government Organizations, Kenya.    

7.       Government of India, National Building Organization, 1996 and National Report, Habitat II 1996.

8.       Government of Karnataka, Comprehensive Housing Policy of Karnataka, Housing Department, Bangalore.  






S. F. Syed Vasiyullah, M. Gopalakrishnan

Paper Title:

Profit based Unit Commitment using Improved Pre- Prepared Demand (IPPD) Table and Memory Management Algorithm (MMA)

Abstract:  In this paper, Improved Pre-prepared Power Demand (IPPD) table and Memory management algorithm is used to solve Profit Based Unit Commitment (PBUC) problem. In conventional market, Unit commitment (UC) is the process of determining the On/Off status of the generating unit to meet forecasted load by satisfying certain operating constraints that minimize the operating cost. In restructured power market, unit commitment involves commitment of generating unit of an Individual Generation company (GENCO) for maximization of his profit rather than satisfying the power demand of its consumer. In this proposed method, PBUC problem is solved in two steps. In first step unit commitment scheduling is done by IPPD table and then the problem of fuel cost and revenue function is done by Memory Management Algorithm. The IPPD table gives the information of committed unit for any predicted power demand and information about forecasted price to reduce complexity in the problem during calculation. Memory management algorithm uses Best fit and Worst bit allocation for scheduling the generator in order to receive maximum profit by considering power and reserve generation. This approach has been tested on a 3 unit system using MATLAB and the simulation result is compared with the result of previous published method obtained by other optimizing technique.

Deregulation Improved Pre-Prepared Power demand (IPPD) table, Generation Company (GENCO), Memory Management Algorithm (MMA), and Profit Based Unit Commitment (PBUC).


1.             A.J. Wood, B.F. Wallenberg, Power Generation Operation and Control, second ed., Wiley, New York, 1996.
2.             Charles W. Ritcher, Gerald B. Sheble, “A Profit based unit commitment GA for the competitive environment,” IEEE transactions on power systems, Vol 15,No.2 ,May 2000

3.             Pathom Attaviriyanupap, Hiroyuki kita, Jun Hasegawa “A Hybrid LR-EP for solving new profit based UC problem under competitive environment”, IEEE Transactions on power systems, Vol.18, No.1, February 2003

4.             P. Attaviriyanupap, H. Kita, E. Tanaka, J. Hasegawa, A hybrid LR-EP for solving new profit-based UC problem under competitive environment, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems 18 (2003) 229–237.

5.             Pokharel ,B.K Shrestha ,G.B Lie,and Fleten, “profit based unit commitment for Gencos in  deregulated electricity market”Proceeding of the IEEE power engineering Society general meeting ,2005

6.             Y. Yamin, Q. EI-Dwairi, S.M. Shahidehpour, A new approach for GENCOs profit based unit commitment in day-ahead competitive electricity markets considering reserve uncertainty, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems 29 (2007)

7.             K. Chandram, N. Subrahmanyam, New approach with Muller method for profit based unit commitment, in: Proceedings of IEEE Power Systems, 2008, pp. 1–8.

8.             K.Chandram, N. Subrahmanyam and M.Sydulu ‘Improved Pre-prepared power demand table and Mullers method to solve the profit based unit commitment problem’. Journal of electrical engineering and technology. Vol .4.No.2 .2009.

9.             B.Rampriya and K.Mahadevan ‘Scheduling the units and Maximizing the profit of Gencos using LR-PSO technique’ .International Journal on electrical engineering and informatics .Vol.2. No.2 .2010.

10.           K.Rajangam, V.P.Arunachalam and R.Subramanian

11.           ‘Profit based unit commitment with forecasted power demand table’ European journal of scientific research .Vol.77.No.2 2012.

12.           C.Christopher Columbus , Sishaj Simon “A Profit based unit commitment : A parallel ABC approach using a workstation cluster” computers and electrical engineering, Vol.38,2012

13.           C.Christopher Columbus, Sishaj Simon. K.Chandrasekaran “ Nodal ant colony optimization for solving profit based unit commitment problem for Gencos” Applied soft computing .Vol 12 .2012

14.           C.Christopher Columbus , Sishaj Simon “profit based unit commitment for Gencos using parallel NACO in a distributed cluster” Swarm and Evolutionary Computation , Vol 10.2013.

15.           P.Shivasankari and Vikas Dubey , “ A practical approach for profit based unit commitment in deregulated electricity market” , international journal of advanced research in Computer science and software engineering . Vol.3, 2013.

16.           N.P Padhy , “ Unit Commitment –Abiboliographical Survey”, IEEE Transaction on Power system .Vol.19.2004   





Shibi K. John, T. V. U. Kiran Kumar, Alice Abraham

Paper Title:

An End-to-End Video Transmission System over Multimedia Wireless Sensor Networks

Abstract: Multimedia transmission requires timely delivery for its real time application. Multimedia wireless sensors  have special characteristics that make them different from traditional Wireless sensors.  In this paper we propose an End-to-End Video streaming system over wireless multimedia sensor networks. First part of this paper explains the video encoding and the second part  contains the   route discovery along with Low Density Parity Check based forward error correction scheme to ensure error free data delivery The goal of the proposed system is to provide high quality video with maximum signal to noise ratio and minimum mean square error . The system is fully implemented in MATLAB

 Wireless multimedia sensor network, video encoding, Peak signal to noise ratio, Low density parity check, Mean square error.


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2.          Soro, Stanislava, and Wendi Heinzelman. "A survey of visual sensor networks." Advances in Multimedia 2009 (2009).

3.          Hou, X., D. Tipper, and J. Kabara. "Label-based multipath routing (lmr) in wireless sensor routing." Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Advanced Radio Technologies (ISART 04), Boulder, CO. 2004.

4.          Wang, Wei, et al. "On energy efficient encryption for video streaming in wireless sensor networks." Multimedia, IEEE Transactions on 12.5 (2010): 417-426.

5.          Stockhammer, Thomas, Miska M. Hannuksela, and Thomas Wiegand. "H. 264/AVC in wireless environments." Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, IEEE Transactions on 13.7 (2003): 657-673.

6.          Zaidi, Syed Muhammad Asad, et al. "Multi-Channel Multi-Path video transmission over wireless sensor networks." Consumer Communications and Networking Conference (CCNC), 2013 IEEE. IEEE, 2013.

7.          G. Pekhteryev, Z. Sahinoglu, P. Orlik, and G. Bhatti, “Image transmission over ieee 802.15.4 and zigbee networks,” in Circuits and Systems. ISCAS 2005. IEEE International Symposium on, 2005, p. 3539.

8.          T. Wark, P. Corke, J. Karlsson, P. Sikka, and P. Valencia, “Real-time image streaming over a low-bandwidth wireless camera network,” in Intelligent Sensors, Sensor Networks and Information. ISSNIP 2007. 3rd International Conference on, 2007, p. 113.

9.          J. Wang, M. Masilela, and J. Liu, “Supporting video data in wireless sensor networks,” in Multimedia. ISM 2007. Ninth IEEE International Symposium on, 2007, p. 310.

10.       S. Pudlewski and T. Melodia, “A distortion-minimizing rate controller for wireless multimedia sensor networks,” Computer Communications, vol. 33, no. 12, pp. 1380 –  390, 2010.

11.       W.-T. Chen, P.-Y. Chen, W.-S. Lee, and C.-F. Huang, “Design and implementation of a real time video surveillance system with wireless sensor networks,” in Vehicular Technology Conference. VTC Spring2008. IEEE, 2008, p. 218.

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Th. Kiranbala Devi, Nganthoi Naorem

Paper Title:

Seismic Vulnerability Assessment of Existing Buildings: It’s Importance

Abstract:  Earthquake induced damage has been increased over the few years. Gujarat (2001), Sumatra (2004), Pakistan (2005) and Haiti (2010) are the examples of devastating damage due to earthquake. Collapse of non – engineered and engineered buildings and structures is the chief contributor to the loss of lives and injuries to people. Vulnerability Atlas of India states that there are about 11 million seismically vulnerable houses in Seismic Zone- V , while the corresponding figure for Seismic Zone – IV  is 50 million. In all, there are about 80 million building units in India, which are vulnerable, and pose unprecedented risk, if earthquake strikes. However, severe damage was observed in a relatively small percentage of existing buildings even after damaging earthquakes in the World. Identifying such vulnerable buildings  to future earthquake is important. To identify such buildings, three levels of seismic vulnerability assessment methods starting from simple to sophisticated procedure, (a) Rapid Visual Screening (RVS) , (b) Simplified Vulnerability Assessment (SVA) and (c) Detailed Vulnerability Assessment (DVA)  can be carried out according to the problems detected in the building.

Collapse, damage, seismic zone, structures, vulnerable


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14.    USGS – Science for Changing World






Nian Zhang, Tilaye Alemayehu, Pradeep Behera

Paper Title:

Nonlinear Autoregressive (NAR) Forecasting Model for Potomac River Stage using Least Squares Support Vector Machines (LS-SVM)

Abstract: This paper investigates the ability of a least-squares support vector machine (LS-SVM) model to improve the accuracy of streamflow forecasting. Cross-validation and grid-search methods are used to automatically determine the LS-SVM parameters in the forecasting process. To assess the effectiveness of this model, streamflow records from Geological Survey (USGS) gaging station 1652500 on Four Mile Run of the Potomac River, were used as case studies. The performance of the LS-SVM model is compared with the recurrent neural networks model trained by Levenberg-Marquardt backpropagation algorithm. The results of the comparison indicate that the LS-SVM model is a useful tool and a promising new method for streamflow forecasting.

 Water Quantity Prediction, Least Squares Support vector Machine.


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Surabhi Chetia, T. S. Muralidhar, Pedenla Lama, Juganta Das

Paper Title:

Utility of Interface Technology for Conversion of Hand Gestures to Digital Display – Voice Converter

Abstract:  the increase in human-machine interactions in our daily lives has made user interface technology progressively more important. Physical gestures as intuitive expressions will greatly ease the interaction process and enable humans to more naturally command computers or machines. Many kinds of existing devices can capture gestures, such as a “Wiimote,” joystick, trackball and touch tablet. Some of them can also be employed to provide input to a gesture recognizer. But sometimes, the technology employed for capturing gestures can be relatively expensive, such as a vision system. In the proposed system, accelerometer based gesture recognition technique is used. The proposed system uses 3-Axes MEMS accelerometer with PIC16F877A Microcontroller. The accelerations of a hand in motion in three perpendicular directions are detected by three axes accelerometers respectively and based on the hand gestures appropriate voices are played through APR Voice which is also interfaced with the microcontroller. Objective of the project work to develop a device for conversion of sign language to suitable text and speech as output.

interface technology, Physical gestures, APR Voice, 3-Axes MEMS accelerometer, PIC16F877A Microcontroller


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R. Suganthi, P. Kamalakannan

Paper Title:

Synthesizing Model for Clustering Frequent Data Items in Multi-Database

Abstract: Mainly, most of the large organizations have numerous databases and they do process and transact over the multiple branch database. The important issue of the multi database is selecting the frequent items from various branch databases and forwarding the items to head quarters to take the decision among all kinds of patterns. Here global decision is important role in head quarter level and some steps are followed to take critical decision in top level. First step is synthesizing high frequency item set based on local item set. Second step is to measure the association [13] among various items listed under high frequency. And the accuracy level of data set is improved by using the synthesizing and clustering algorithm.

Multi database, Synthesizing patterns, local pattern analysis, patterns


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