National Conference on Smart Computation and Technology (NCSCT-2017) | April 07-08, 2017 | Jaipur, INDIA

National Conference on Smart Computation and Technology (NCSCT), April 2017
Date of Conference: April 07-08, 2017 | Organised by: Poornima Institute of Engineering and Technology, Jaipur (Rajasthan) India.  

S. No

ISSN: 2278-3075, Volume-6, Issue- NCSCT2017, April 2017
Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering & Sciences Publication Pvt. Ltd.

Page No.



Faneendra Sharma, Pramod Kumar Awasthi

Paper Title:

E-Waste Management: An Essential Tool for Smart Environment

Abstract: Electronics industry is considered as the world’s leading and fastest growing manufacturing industry. Due to the revolution in sales of electronic equipment’s and their brisk advancement in technology, change in fashion, lifestyle and status have resulted increase of electronic waste, which in turn is termed as E-waste. Electronic wastes, E-wastes, E-scraps, or Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment’s (WEEE) are accountable for the discarded electrical devices. There is a lack of consent as to whether the term should be applicable to resale, reuse, and refurbishing corporations. E-wastes are classified on the basis of their form and density. Now a day E-waste that may be harmful to human beings, is a problem of global concern because the methods of fabrication and discarding of this genre of waste on a global scale needs to be amended and worked upon. Without proper management, it is next to impossible to think about smart design for environment. The challenge is to invent pioneering and cost- effective solutions to purify the fouled environments created due to the humongous generation of E-waste, so as to make them safe for human occupancy and usage, and also to look after the functioning of the ecosystems that supports the whole life system. This paper shall confer the diverse categories of E-waste, classification of various hazardous components present in E-waste, methods of E-waste management, latest technologies which have become not only eco-friendly but also a prolific method to the conventional cleaning up methods of technologies to neutralize E-waste from the environment, the obstacles being faced by India for the precise administration of  E-waste, and last but not the least, suggesting a ceremonial method for E-waste recycling in India.

  Electronics, (WEEE), Management, E-waste, and last but not the least,


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2. M. Cobbing, Toxic Tech: Not in Our Backyard. Uncovering the Hidden Flows of e-waste. Report from Greenpeace International., Amsterdam, (2008).

3.        UNEP, Call for Global Action on E-waste, United Nations Environment Programme (2006).

4.        OECD, OECD Environmental Outlook to 2030. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development., (2008).

5.        R. Widmer, H. Oswald-Krapf, D. Sinha-Khetriwal, M. Schnellmann andH. Boni, Global perspectives on e-waste, Environ Impact Assess Rev. 25,pp. 436-458 (2005).

6.        K. Betts, Producing usable materials from e-waste, Environ Sci Technol.42, pp. 6782–6783 (2008).

7.        B. Robinson, E-waste: An assessment of global production and environmental impacts, Science of the Total Environment, 408, pp. 183-191(2009).
8.        Personal Communication. Parthasarthy, P., Director, E-Parisara Pvt. Ltd.
9.        Raghupathy, L., 2007. E-waste management in India. 2007/07/11.

10. Satyamurthy, K., 2006. Managing e-waste without harming environment. 0.htm&date=2006/04/03/&prd=th& viewed on 2007/07/16.

11.     Toxics Link, 2003. Scrapping the Hi Tech Myth – computer waste in India. viewed on 2007/07/15.

12.     Williams, E., 2005. International activities on E-waste and guidelines for future work. 2007/07/10.

13.     World Bank, 2006.India-CountryOverview, viewed on 2007/07/17.




Sama Jain, Neeraj Jain

Paper Title:

Role of Smart Education and E-Learning: Transforming Towards Smart Cities

Abstract:  Smart education, a model that describes learning in digital era, has gained increased attention now a day. The development of new technologies enables and facilitates learners to learn more effectively, efficiently, flexibly and comfortably. In order to incorporate smart learning environments into the present education system, innovative uses and new pedagogical and instructive approaches must be implemented to coordinate formal and informal learning. Understanding of real time problem and application based learning can be very smartly achieved by e-learning. Smart learning is a supplement to traditional teaching, which act as a supportive component to enhance the process of teaching and learning. This paper discusses the main characteristics of smart learning and the major challenges to be conquer when designing smart educational environments which provide quality education to students by helping them in better concept formation, concept explanation, improvement in reading skills and academic success.  

Smart Education, e-learning, Smart learners, Smart learning environment, Smart pedagogy.  


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8.       Begona Gros; The design of smart educational environments; Smart Learning Environments20163:15; DOI: 10.1186/s40561-016-0039-x

9.       S. Alumu and Padma Thiagarajan; Massive Open Online Courses and E-learning in Higher Education; Indian Journal of Science and Technology, Vol 9(6), DOI: 10.17485/ijst/2016/v9i6/81170, February 2016

10.    Universities UK, Massive Open Online Courses: Higher Education’s digital moment? London. 2013.

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12.    Leung HKN. Evaluating the effectiveness of E-learning. Computer Science Education. 2003; 13(2):23–36.

13.    Arunachalam AR. Bringing out the effective learning process by analyzing of E-learning methodologies. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2014 Jun; 7(S5):41–3.

14.    Lim KC. Addressing some quality and effectiveness issues in E-learning. Enhancing Learning through Technology. Springer. 2011; 177:167–76.

15.    Salma Begum; Traditional Method Of Teaching Vs Modern Method Of Teaching- A Comparative Analysis At Bangalore Private Schools; International Education and Research Journal; E-ISSN No: 2454-9916, Volume : 2,  Issue : 11, Nov 2016.

16.    Dr. Savita Srivastava , “A Study of Multimedia & its Impact on Students’ Attitude”, International conference on Technology Enhanced Education (ICTEE), 2012.

17.    Dr. Sanjeev Kumar (Trained Graduate Teacher in Non medical), E-Learning And Role Of Smart Class Rooms In Education In New Era of Technology.




Navanshu, Prateek, Abhisehk

Paper Title:

Extreme Range Resistivity Measurement Techniques

Abstract:   In this study, we have made an extensive effort to bring together the existing techniques for the measurement of extreme range resistivity. Although measuring resistivity at regular laboratory session i.e. of medium range is not a tough task by using the multimeters,  however when it comes to measure extreme range resistivity it is almost a herculean task by using these multimeters due to the accuracy and other specific reasons. This advanced techno era demands more accuracy and precision. In this article we have discussed some techniques like Van der Pauw method, Carey foster method, Leakage method etc. in this article. These techniques precisely meant for extreme range resistivity.

 Extreme Range, Van Der Pauw Method, Carey Foster Method, Leakage Method.


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Ravi Singh, Sagar Jaiswal, Rajat Arora, Mohit Bajpai

Paper Title:

A Review on-Current Scenario and Future Targets of Solar Energy in India

Abstract: On our earth there are limiting fossil resources are available and environment problems require suitable energies which are renewable and economic. The most common sustainable energy which is renewable, economic and easily available is solar energy. In India drastic demand increase of electricity and solar resources reduce it by make India an ideal country. Solar energy can play an important role to increase energy security address environment concerns, add new capacity and has potential to solve long standing energy for developing countries like – India. Feasibility of hybrid solar-biomass power plant in various applications like tri-generation, electricity generation and process heat. It saves up to 29% biomass land with 1.8-5.2 kwh increase cost /energy loss.  Solar resources have many merits but also have limitation. In this paper we know about solar power and recovery time of investment, condition or limitation faced at time of planting power plant and future potential and scopes. 

countries like – India, 1.8-5.2 kwh increase cost /energy loss.  Feasibility of hybrid solar-biomass power,


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Institute (TERI), Darbari Seth Block, IHC Complex, Lodhi Road, New Delhi 110003, India.

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Ruby Singh, Aakash Singh

Paper Title:

Synthesis of Imine Derivatives of Indeno [1, 2-b] Quinoxalinone using Trifluoroethanol as a Green Solvent

Abstract:  A highly practical and efficient method has been developed for synthesis of some heterocyclic schiff bases derived from the condensation reactions of indeno[1,2-b]quinoxalinone and substituted anilines using 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol as a recoverable greener solvent for the first time. This new protocol has the advantages of environmental friendliness, higher atom economy, shorter reaction time and convenient operation. The structure of synthesized compounds compounds was established by spectroscopic techniques and elemental analysis.

2,2,2-Trifluoroethanol, indeno[1,2-b]quinoxalinone, imine derivatives.


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16.    Singh, R. and Ganaie, S.H. Res Chem Intermed. 2017, 43, 55; (b) Dandia, A., Singh, R., Khan, S., Kumari, S. and Soni, P. Tetrahedron Lett. 2015, 15, 4438; (c) Dandia, A., Singh, R., Joshi, J. and  Kumari, S. J. Fluorine Chem. 2013, 156, 283; (d) Dandia, A., Laxkar, A. K., Singh, R. Tetrahedron Lett. 2012, 53.

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Pran Dadhich, Himmat Singh, Divakar Maharishi, Jal Singh

Paper Title:

Physico-Chemical Properties of Waste Water of Sitapura, Jaipur

Abstract:   Rapidly growing population of the city requires house, job and basic amenities. Jaipur is one of the cities, which is growing very fast and also have more industrial growth. Local authorities are creating new industrial zones in and around the central Jaipur. Sitapura industrial area is one of them, which is growing very fast and new industries are taking place rapidly.  This industrial growth is bringing enormous problems and degradation to environment. Increasing industries and the generation of waste water is a cause of water scarcity, thus the reusing of industrial waste water for irrigation purpose is the good option to reduce the pressure of handling waste water. In this case study total 5 samples are collected from different location of Sitapura. The physical, chemical, biological properties like pH, total solids, total dissolved solids, total suspended solids, turbidity, conductivity, hardness are determined. The research papers highlight the present waste characteristic of industrial water. The result of the present investigation pointed out the need to implement   advances and improvement in waste water treatment methods.

T.S., BOD, COD, pH, Industrial waste water


1.        Patel H. and Pandey S., Physico-chemical characterization of textile chemical sludge generated from various CETPS in India, J.Environ. Res. Develop., 2(3), 329-339, (2008).
2.        Naik D.J., Desai K.K. and Vashi R.T., Physico chemical characteristics of chemical sludge generated from treatment of combined waste water of dyes and dye intermediate manufacturing industries, J.Environ. Res. Develop., 4(2), 413-416, (2009).

3.        Ladwani Kiran D., Ladwani Krishna D., Manik Vivek S.and Sharma, S.K., Singh, V., & Chandel, C.P.S. (2004). Ground water pollution problem and evaluation of phyicochemical Properties of ground water. Environment and Ecology, 22(spl-2), 319-324

4.        Smitha PG, Byrappa K and Ramaswamy SN (2007). Physico-chemical characteristics of water samples of Bantwal Taluk, south-western Karnataka. Indian Journal of Environmental Biology 28 591-

5.        Lokhande, R.S., Singare, P.U., and Pimple, D.S., 2011, Quantification Study of Toxic Heavy Metals Pollutants in Sediment Samples Collected from Kasardi River Flowing along the Taloja Industrial Area of Mumbai, India., The New York Science Journal 4(9), 66-71

6.        Reddy PM, Subba Rao N. “Effects of industrial effluents on the ground water regime in Vishakapatnam”, .Pollution Research. 20(3), 2001, 383-386.

7.        Shrivastava, A.K., A Review on copper pollution and its removal from water bodies by pollution control Technologies, IJEP 29(6): 552-560, 2009

8.        Ming, Y. and De-Sheng, W. (2010) Experimental Study of Antibiotic Wastewater. Journal of MBR Treatment. Environmental Protection and Recycling Economy, 9, 54-55.

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12.     Deepali KK, Gangwar R, Joshi BD. “Comparative study of Phisico-chemical properties of effluent from tannery industries” Indian Journal of Environmental Sciences, 3(2) 2009, 49-50.s




Vikas Sharma, Prince Malik, Prateek Chaturvedi, Pradyuman Meena, Ravi Meena

Paper Title:

Practical Verification of Deviation of Beam using Theoretical and Numerical Methods

Abstract: A beam or a frame deflects when it is loaded. If the deflection exceeds the permissible value, the structure does not look aesthetic and may result in psychological upsetting of the occupants. This also may cause cracking in the material attached to the structure. As we have noted the deflection should not be excessive to satisfy the serviceability required. Thus the primary use of computing deflection is to design a beam for serviceability requirements(1). This study investigates the maximum deflection of simply supported beam and cantilever beam under point loading. Experiments on these beams have been carried out and maximum deflection has been noted(2) .  The experiment has been carried out for different loads. The results obtained have been validated through theoretical and numerical approach(4). Theoretical approach includes the use of formulas and for simulation purpose we use STADD pro software for computation of deflection of the beam under different loading(3).

Simply supported beam, Cantilever beam, maximum deflection, Simulation, STADD pro


1.       Hool, George A.; Johnson, Nathan Clarke (1920). “Elements of Structural Theory – Definitions”. Handbook of Building Construction (Google Books).vol. 1 (1st ed.).New York McGraw-Hill.p. 2.Retrieved 2008-10-01. “A cantilever beam is a beam having one end rigidly fixed and the other end free.”
2.       Timoshenko, S., (1953), History of strength of materials, McGraw-Hill New York.

3.       Stadd pro documentation.

4.       Strang, Gilbert; Fix, George (1973). An Analysis of The Finite Element Method. Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-032946-0.




Satyajit Nath, Vivek Rolaniya, Venu Gopal Sharma, Vikash Kumar Meena

Paper Title:

Prefabricated Construction for Mass Housing in Delhi

Abstract:  Urbanization is the speedy influx of people migrating to cities. The UN has forecast that by 2050, 64.1% and 85.9% of the developing and developed world respectively will be urbanized. With finite resources of labor, time and finance, slums around the world continue to grow in size in uninhabitable conditions for humans. Prefabrication of houses, an innovation that has potential to address environmental and sustainability worry at a rapid pace, mechanizes the construction process, enabling the mass manufacture of houses with reasonable cost. This paper discusses the case of Delhi, the city whose nearly half population is lived in slum area, where prefabrication can be a hopeful solution to the housing shortage.

 Urbanization, uninhabitable, sustainability, reasonable, prefabrication.


1.       About precast structure ( (20/03/2017)
2.       Universal Modular “Building Solutions” (20/03/2017)

3.       How Stuff Works (21/03/2017)

4.       Encyclopedia Britannica ( (21/03/2017)

5.       A Celebration of Prefabrication – Nissen Huts & the First World War.

6.       Benefits of Prefabricated Building Material ( (20/03/2017)

7.       Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation

8.       Bone structure ( (20/03/2017)

9.       Designing Building wiki ( (20/03/2017)

10.    Project Vender ( (21/03/2017)

11.    The Nest ( (21/03/2017)

12.    Hindustan prefab limited( (21/03/2017

13.    Construction World ( (21/03/2017)

14.    Auto Desk ( (21/03/2017)

15.    The Hindu News “Tata Group to launch Rs. 32,000-house”

16.    Global House Crises (  (21/03/2017)

17.    Asoko Insight ( (22/03/2017)

18.    World population review ( (22/03/2017)

19.    Times of India Article ‘Half of Delhi’s population lives in slums'(12 Oct. 2012)

20.!/delhi/article/want-to-see-delhis-underbelly-take-a-peek-into-delhis-slums (22/03/2017)

21.    Urbanization and Slum Formation ( (22/03/2017)

22.    Hindustan Times, Article “Blame your ‘Delhi belly’ on the dirty water”

23.    Delhi Development Authority (DDA) ( (22/03/2017)

24. (23/03/2017)

25.    Delhi Govt. site ( (23/03/2017)

26.    Census of India ( slum_population.aspx) (24/03/2017)





Meenakshi Dixit, Kuldeep Kumar Meena, Lalit Kumar Hariom Meena, Janved Meena

Paper Title:

Replacement of Natural Sand by Crusher Dust

Abstract: Concrete is a mixture of cement, water, fine and coarse aggregate [1]. Now a day’s river erosion and other environmental issues have led to the scarcity of river sand. The reduction in the sources of natural sand and the requirement for reduction in the cost of concrete, Stone crusher dust: a by-product obtained during crushing process is may be used as a replacement of sand [2].  The optimum compressive strength is achieved at the 45 % replacement of sand. This experimental study presents the variation in the strength of concrete when replacing sand by quarry dust from 0% to 100% in steps of 10% for M20 grade of concrete. Attempts have been made to study the suitability, feasibility and potential use of crusher dust as sand replacing material and it has been found that crusher dust improves the mechanical properties of concrete as well as elastic modulus.

 Concrete, Natural sand, Alternative materials, crusher dust, Mechanical properties.


1.    M.S.  Shetty, Concrete Technology Theory and Practice, 5thedition, S .Chand & Co. Ltd., New Delhi
2.    B.P.Hudson, Manufactured sand for concrete, The Indian Concrete Journal, May 1997, pp237-240.

3.    A.K.Sahu, Sunil kumar and A.K.Sachan, Crushed stone waste as fine aggregate for concrete, The Indian Concrete Journal, January 2003 pp845-847.

4.    Kode V. R., Murty D.S.R., Swarna Kumar P., “ Appraisal of Crushed Stone Dust, as Fine Aggregate in Structural

5.    Dr A.D. Pofale, Syed Raziuddin Quadri, “Effective utilization of crusher dust in concrete using portland puzzolona cement”, IJSRP, Volume 3, Issue 8, August 2013 Edition

6.    T.K. Lohani, M. padhi, K.P. Dash, “Optimum utilization of quarry dust as partial replacement of sand in concrete”. IJASE, Vol1, No. 2, 2012

7.    IS456-2000 Indian standard code of practice for plain and reinforced concrete, Bureau of Indian standards, New Delhi.




Suresh Soni, Rishabh Sehara, Rohit Soni, Alok Yadav

Paper Title:

Road Safety Audit

Abstract:  Road Safety Audit (RSA) may be defined as a self-governing review of an upcoming road project to identify the things which can affect the road’s safety. RSA is also a schematic examination of the existing road and roads related area from the aspect of all road users with the intention to identify road safety deficiencies and areas of risk that result in the road crashes. RSA is assessing accident potential and safety performance for the provision of road improvement and rehabilitated of an existing road. Auditor provides an independent advice in the form of written format. The road committee then considers advice and formal discussion is done to adopt each of the safety alterations. The objective of the study is to recognize the accident-prone areas on the road from FIR, to study the effect of roadway size factors and traffic conditions on the road extend and evolution of the relation between accident rates and factors causing crashes. The project aims to identify improving public relations, increase life savage, and reduce the costly remedial work and calculating the accident rate at the intersection. In this study, one of the major arterial streets of Jaipur city will be taken. The location for analysis is Tonk Road from B2bypass to Gaushala. It consists considerable amount of traffic throughout the day and it has a various number of conflict points such as merging of traffic from the flyover.

First Investigation Report (FIR), Accident-Prone, Road safety.


1.       K.W. Ogden “Safer Roads: Guide to Road Safety Engineering”, Avebury Technical Publishers, UK 1996.
2.       V.F. Barkov, “Road Conditions and Traffic Safety”, Mir Publishers, Moscow, 1975.

3.       Prof.P.K. Sikdar and Dr. Nishi Mittal “Road Safety Ensuring Safety                in Road System” Indian Highways, January 2003.

4.       Eugene M. Wilson “Adapting the Road Safety Audit Review for Local Rural Roads”, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Wyoming Laramie, Wyoming
Technology Transfer Centre, July 2000.

5.       Thomas J. McDonald “Road Safety Audit for Prince of Wales Island, Alaska”, Institute for Transportation Iowa State University, Oct 2010.

6.       S.K. Khanna& C.E.G. Justo/, “Highway Engineering”, Khanna Publishers, New Delhi – 1993.


8.       national cooperative highway research program [nchrp] synthesis 336, “road safety audits” transportation research board, washington, d.c.2004

9.       Divya Gandhi and Deepa kurup, “Highway Take a Toll on Pedestrians”, The Hindu newspaper, Bengaluru, 11 October 2011.

10.    Vivian Robert R. and A. Veeraragavan “evaluation of traffic management measures in accident reduction under mixed traffic”, 16th ictct workshop.

11.    G. Gururaj, “Road Safety in India: A Framework for Action”, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Publication no 83, Bangalore.2011

12.    Luke Rogers, “iRAP India Four States Road Safety Report “, iRAP502.15: 19 December 2011.




Praval Pratap Singh, Hemraj Kumawat, Ghanshyam Sharma, Dilip Kumar Jhanginia, Akshat Prakash Srivastava

Paper Title:

Seismic Analysis of Bisalpur Dam using STAAD Pro

Abstract: The paper focuses on the seismic analysis on Bisalpur Dam using STAAD Pro software. Dam being one of the mega structure, analysis of such structure with keen observation considering various factors affecting them. As it is one of the life secure structure like drinking water supply, flood control, irrigation, natural disaster etc. it is again important to analysis such structure for major forces like weight of dam, seismic forces, uplift pressure, silt pressure, water pressure etc. In this paper the study is done for finding out the result that makes the seismic analysis of this dam with considering the various forces acted on the dam. This study is done by considering the gravity dam subjected to pre -decided geographical factors like type of soil, density, seismic forces. This design of dam has been done by limit state method as well as working state method using STAAD Pro software.

 Bisalpur Dam, Seismic forces, Analysis, STAAD Pro Software.


1.       Adedeji, A. A. (2004); Finite Element Method, CVE 567 Lecture Notes, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Ilorin, Ilorin.
2.       IS:1893:1984, ˝Criteria for Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures˝.

3.       IS:6512:1984, ˝Criteria for Design of Solid Gravity Dams”.

4.       G. B. Baecher, M. E. Gregory and R. de Neufville, “Risk of Dam Failure in Benefit-Cost Analysis,” Water Re- sources Research, Vol. 16, No. 3, 1980, pp. 449-456.

5.       Dr. Martin Wieland (2007); Earthquake safety of concrete dams and Seismic design criteria for major dam projects.

6.       Yoshikazu Yamaguchi and Robert Hall (2004); Seismic performance evaluation of concrete gravity dams.

7.       M. Leclerc and R. Tinawi (2002); computer aided stability analysis of gravity dams.

8.       Shou-yan JIANG and Cheng-bin DU(2012); Seismic

9.       stability analysis of concrete gravity dams with penetrated cracks.

10.    Kaushik Das and Pankaj kumar Das (2011); Seismic Response of Concrete Gravity Dam.

11.    Major, A. (1980); Dynamics in Civil Engineering, Vol. I IV, Second Edition, Collet’sHoldings Ltd, London.

12.    Bathe, K. J. (1996); Finite Element Procedures, Seventh Edition, PrenticeHall Inc, New Jersey.

13.    Wieland M. (2002): Lessons learnt from the earthquake behaviour of large dams and their implications on seismic design criteria, Proc. Third International

14.    Conference on Dam Engineering, Editors: M. Wieland and J.S.Y. Tan, CI Premier Pte Ltd., Singapore, March 20-22, 2002.

15.    Wieland M. (2003): Seismic aspects of dams, General Report Question 83: Seismic aspects of dams; International Commission on Large Dams; Proc. 21st Congress of ICOLD, Montreal, Canada, June 16-20, 2003.

16.    S. K. Garg, “Irrigation Engineering and Hydraulic Struc- tures,” 16th Edition, Khanna Publishers, Delhi, 2002, pp. 960-1020.

17.    C. N. Zangar, “Hydrodynamic Pressures on Dams Due to Horizontal Earthquake Effects,” Engineering Monograph, No. 11, Bureau of Reclamation, 1952.

18.    Miss. Meghna S. Bhalodkar “Seismic & Stability Analysis of Gravity Dam” IJRASET Volume 2 Issue XI, November 2014




Pradhan Mali, Navneet Kumar Yadav, Pawan Kumar, Niraj Kumar, Vikash Goswami

Paper Title:

Seismic Response of Reinforced Concrete Buildings on Hill Slopes Considering Soil Structure Interaction

Abstract:  Because of regional topography the construction in hilly regions is generally limited to acquisition of either a step-back or step back-setback buildings. These uneven configurations allows columns of changing heights to rest at different foundation levels on sloping ground which results in large torsion and shear during vibrations. This paper explain the seismic response of multi storey buildings on inclined ground taking soil-structure interaction. A four storey reinforced concrete structure with and without elevation irregularities are analyzed for different soil conditions using finite element software SAP2000 and results are matched with respect to top storey displacement, time period and base shear. Equivalent static analysis is considered in the study and results indicate that model M-3 is the most suitable configuration in hilly areas.

Keywords: Base shear, Soil-structure interaction, Top storey displacement.


1.       Pandey AD, Prabhat Kumar and Sharad Sharma, “Seismic Soil-Structure Interaction of Buildings on Hill Slopes”, International Journal of Civil and Structural Engineering, Vol No.2 Issue No.2, PP. 544-555, 2011.
2.       Shiji P.V, Suresh S and Glory Joseph, “Effect of Soil Structure Interaction in Seismic Loads of Framed Structures’’, International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, Volume No.4 Issue No.5, PP. 237-240, 2013.

3.       Jenifer Priyanka R.M, Saravana Bharathi.S and Varun, “Study on lateral deflection of buildings with fixed support under various soil conditions’’, International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume No.10 Issue No.4, PP.36-40, 2014.

4.       Joseph E Bowles, Foundation Analysis and Design, vol. 5th edition, McGraw-Hill Higher Education, 1995.

5.       Varghese P.C, Design of Reinforced Concrete Foundation, Prentice-Hall, USA, 1985.

6.       CSI Analysis Reference Manual for SAP2000, ETABS and SAFE, A software document, Computers and Structures, Inc. Berkeley, California, USA, 2005.

7.       IS 1893(part 1), Provision on seismic design of buildings, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, 2002.

8.       IS 875- Part II: Code of Practice for design loads for buildings and structures, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi.

9.       Prabhat Kumar, Ashwani Kumar and A.D Pandey, “Comparison of Seismic Response of Buildings on Slopes’’, National Conference on Emerging Trends in Engineering science & Technology (NCETEST-2014), 2014.

10.    Birajdar B.G and S.S. Nalawade, ‘’Seismic Analysis of Buildings Resting on Sloping Ground’’, Proceedings of 13th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Vancouver-2004, Paper no. 1472, 2004.




Laxmi Kant Saini, Harshit Joshi, Shubham Natani, Rohit Sahu, Vinay Tak

Paper Title:

Self Compaction Concrete Containing Metakaolin Replacing Sand by GGBS

Abstract:   This study investigates the combined effect of Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag (GGBS) and Metakaolin on the properties of self-compacting concrete. The workability test for acceptance of self-compacting concrete like slump test were carried out on fresh concrete. In addition, the optimum replacements with respect to strength and durability were determined by varying the amount of Metakaolin &Ground Granulated Blast Slag (GGBS) as partial cement & fine aggregates replacement. The compressive strength test of concrete with replaced GGBS plus Metakaolin at 5%,15%and 25% and 3%,6% and9% were examined after curing period of 28 and 56 days. In this study M20 grade of SCC was considered with different replacement of sand with GGBS. Further it is studied that the effect of MetaKaolin on the properties of GGBS self-compacting concrete, the studies include the effect of Granular blast furnace slag and MetaKaolin on the fresh and hardened mechanical properties of SCC made with GGBS and MetaKaolin. The fresh properties and compressive strength of self-compacting concrete is improved as percentage of GGBS increases with MetaKaolin (%). For an experimental investigation, cube and cylinder specimens were cast and tested at the age of 28 days after curing. It was found that compressive and split tensile strength of SCC specimens found to be higher compared to simple ordinary concrete. It is favorable  in terms of workability, strength and durability.

 Self compaction concrete, Metakaolin, GGBS, Compressive strength.


1.    A. Hassan, M. Lachemi, and K.M.A Hossain, “Effect of Metakaolin on Rheology of Self-consolidating Concrete” The Indian Concrete Journal, May 2006,pp 44-47
2.    GanesanN, Indira P.V &SanthoshKumarP.T, “Durability aspects of steel fibre-reinforced SCC”, The Indian Concrete Journal, May 2006,pp 31-37.

3.    JagadeshVengala&Ranganath .R.V. “Effect of GGBS on Long term Strength in High Strength Self Compacting Concrete”. International Conference on Recent Trends
in Concrete Technology and Structures. INCONTEST 2003 Coimbatore, 10-12, September, 2003, pp 341-347.

4.    Kannan V, Ganesan K, “Mechanical and transport properties in ternary blended self-compacting concrete with Metakaolin and GGBS”, IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSRJMCE) ,ISSN : 2278-1684 Volume 2, Issue 4 (Sep-Oct. 2012), PP 22-31

5.    Naveen Kumar C , Kiran V. John , JagadeshVengala&Ranganth R.V , Self-Compacting Concrete with GGBS and Metakaolin”, The Indian Concrete Journal, April 2006 , pp 33-39

6.    N. Bouzoubaâaand M. Lachemib, “Self Compacting Concrete Incorporating High-Volumes of GGBS: Preliminary Results”, Cement and Concrete Research, Vol. 31, No. 3, Mar. 2001, pp. 413-420

7.    N. Krishna Murthy, N. Aruna, A.V.Narasimha Rao, I.V.Ramana Reddy, B .Madhusudana Reddy, M.VijayaSekhar Reddy, “Influence of Metakaolin and Flyash on Fresh and Hardned properties pf Self compacting concrete”international journal of advanced research inengineering and technology (IJARET)Volume 4, Issue 2 March – April
2013, pp. 223-239

8.    PrajapatiKrishnapal, Chandak Rajeev and Dubey Sanjay Kumar, “Development and Properties of Self Compacting Concrete Mixedwith GGBS”, Research Journal of Engineering Sciences; ISSN 2278 – 9472, Vol. 1(3), 11-14, Sept. (2012)

9.    P. Ramanathan, I. Baskar, P. Muthupriya, and R. Venkatasubramani, “Performance of Self-Compacting Concrete Containing Different Mineral Admixtures”, KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering (2013) 17(2): pp-465-472

10. S.Dhiyaneshwaran, Ramanathan, P., Baskar, I. and Venkatasubramani, R. “Study on Durability Characteristics of Self-Compacting Concrete with FlyAsh” Jordan Journal of Civil Engineering, Volume 7, No. 3, 2013: pp- 343-353




Vikas Sharma, Amit Sharma, Kunal Singh Sindal

Paper Title:

Solid Waste Collection and Segregation: A Case Study of Poornima (Piet) Campus, Jaipur

Abstract: Solid waste management (SWM) is a worldwide happening. It is a big challenge all over the world and thus a global issue. Uncontrolled dumping of waste creates problems to public health, affects the aesthetics.SWM is an emerging issue of great concern in INDIA(1) .In India control of generation, storage, collection, transport or transfer, processing and disposal of solid waste materials are chaotic and inconsistent. Improper management of solid waste (SW) is hazardous to all livings. The problem of Solid waste management (SWM) is also distressing the urban and greener environment of POORNIMA SANSTHAN. Therefore the present study was taken to find out the problems and prospects of solid waste in one of the campus of Poornima sansthan i.e. Piet, Jaipur. This paper presents an assessment of the existing situation of solid waste management (SWM) in Poornima campus, Jaipur. In this paper, a detailed investigation was made regarding present status on generation and utilization of both non-hazardous and hazardous solid wastes(2) in Poornima sansthan. It investigated how the system is carried out in campus, the analysis of practices adopted with available sources, generated quantity, its collection, transportation/transfer, storage treatment and disposal methods of solid waste in Campus, some obstacles to its success. The data concerning to SWM in Poornima Campus was obtained through questionnaire and through enquiry. Individual field visit and interaction with people was made. Photographic evidences were taken during investigation. This study reveals that the present methodology of SWM in Poornima campus is not satisfactory Solid Waste Management.

 Solid Waste Management, Dumping ground, Hazardous and non-hazardous waste, Recycling, disposal, Construction materials, Environmental pollution, Resources conservation, Greener Environment, Disposal, Paper, Plastic.


1.       Shekdar AV, Tanaka M. Recycling of solid waste in some Asian Countries. In: Gaballah I, Mishar B, Solozabal R, Tanaka M, editors. Recycling, waste treatment and clean technology. Spain: TMS Mineral, Metals and Materials publishers; 2004. p. 1553–63 (II).
2.       Sengupta J. Recycling of agro-industrial wastes for manufacturing of building materials and components in India. An over view. Civil Engineering & Construction Review 2002;15(2):23–33.

3.       Rajenthira Kumar, P. R. (2010). Implementation of Lean Assembly Line: A Case Study. International Journal of Engineering.

4.       Rajenthirakumar, R. G. (2011). Analyzing The Benefits of Lean Tools: A Consumer Durables Manufacturing Company Case Study. International Journal Of Engineering.

5.       K. P. Paranitharan, A. S. (2011). Redesinging an Automotive Assembly Line Through Lean Strategy. International Journal of Lean thinking.

6.       Akolkar, A.B., “Status of Solid Waste Management in India Implementation Status of Municipal Solid Wastes,” Management and Handling Rules 2000 Central Pollution Control Board, New Delhi, 2005.

7.       Anon, “Solid Waste Management – The NamakkalExperience,” Development Alternatives, New Delhi, Vol. 15 No. 6, 2005.

8.       Chouhan B.M and B.K Reddy “Bio-energy scenario in India, “Journal IREDA News, Vol. 7(1), pp. 20-27, 1996.

9.       Dhande A.D., Ingle S. T, Attarde S. B. and Wagh N.D., “Eco friendly approach of urban solid waste management – A Case Study of Jalgaon city Maharastra,” Journal of EnvronBiols, Vol. 26 (4), pp. 747-752, 2005.

10.    Jha A.K.., Singh S. K., Singh J.P. & Gupta P.K., “Sustainable municipal solid waste management in low income group of cities: a review,” Journal of Tropical Ecology, Vol. 52(1), pp. 123-131, 2011.

11.    Jha, M.K., Sondhi. O.A.K., Pansare, M., “Solid waste management – a case study,” Indian Journal of Environmental Protection,Vol. 23 (10), pp. 1153–1160,2003

12.    Sahu Amiya Kumar, 2007. “Present Scenario of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Dumping Grounds in India”.

13.    Rode Sanjay, 2000. Waste Management in Municipal Corporation of Mumbai Metropolitan Region.

14.    Pradhan M. U., 2008, Sustainable solid waste management in a mountain ecosystem, Darjeeling, India.

15.    Journal of Environmental and Resource Economics, 2001.




Haseeb Muhammad, Anish Kumar, Devendra Suthar

Paper Title:

Soot as Hydrophobic Coating Material for Cement Concrete Surface

Abstract: The paper illustrates the results of studies on the coating of super-hydrophobic soot, and on the development of its technology-based on water repelling property of material, which has hydrophobic properties. The hydrophobicity of the surface of the cement concrete is examined by measuring contact angle concrete surface and water drop. The coated cement concrete surface is characterizes as a better water repellent and high potential to resist the environmental adverse impact on the building, which suggest it to be used in civil engineering construction work like building and roads with improved performances, more durable and enhanced life.

  Super hydrophobic; Soot; cement sand block, coating of cement, soot coating, water repulsion


1.    Wessel, A. T. “On using the effective contact angle and the water drop penetration time for classification of water repellency in dune Soils ” Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 13.6 (1988): 555-561
2.    DeVries, J., and R. B. Polder. “Hydrophobic treatment of concrete.” Construction and Building Materials 11.4 (1997): 259-265.

3.    S. Sen and I. K. Puri, “Flame Synthesis of Carbon Nano-fibers and Nanofiber Composites Containing Encapsu-lated Metal Particles,” Nanotechnology, Vol. 15, No. 3, 2004, pp. 264-268.

4.    Z. A. Mansurov, M. Nazhipkyzy, B. T. Lesbayev, N. G.

5.    Prikhodko, T. V. Chernoglazova, D. I. Chenchik and G. Т. Smagulova, “Synthesis at Superhydrophobic Soot Flames and its Applied Aspects,” World (Intern) Conf. on Car-bon, Krakow, 2012, p.

6.    Levesque, V. T. Binh, V. Semet, D. Guillot, R. Y. Fil-lit, M. D. Brookes, et al., “Mono Disperse Carbon Nano-pearls in a Foam-LikeArrangement: A New Carbon Nano-Compound for Cold Cathodes,” Thin Solid Films, Vol.464-465, 2004, pp. 308-314.       




Mukul Nama, Himanshu Meena, Manish Kumar, Kapil Shandilya, Manisha Kumari

Paper Title:

Statistical Analysis of Accidents in Jaipur City

Abstract:  The statistical analysis of accident is conceded out periodically at grave locations or road stretch which will help to arrive at suitable measures to effectively decrease accident rates. It is the measure (or estimates) of the number and severity of accident. These statistics reports are to be maintained zone-wise. Accident prone stretches of various roads may be assessed by finding the accident density per meter of the road. The places of accidents are marked on the map and the points of their clustering (BLACK SPOT) are determined. With the help of statistical study of accident occurrence at a particular road or location or zone of study for a long period of time it is realizable to predict with logical accuracy the probability of accident occurrence per day or relative safety of different classes of road user in that location. The interpretation of the statistical data is very important to provide insight to the problem. The dilemma of accident is a very acute in highway transportation due to compound flow model of vehicular traffic, presence of miscellaneous traffic along with pedestrians. Traffic accident leads to loss of life and property. Thus the traffic engineers have to undertake a big responsibility of providing safe traffic schedule to the road users and ensure their security. Road accidents cannot be totally prevented but by suitable traffic engineering and management the accident rate can be reduced to a certain amount. For this cause organized study of traffic accidents are required to be carried out. Globalization has impacted many developing countries across the world. India is one such country, which benefited the most. Increased, economic activity raised the utilization levels of the people across the country. This created scope for increase in travel and transportation accidents in Jaipur city. India is undergoing major economic and demographic evolution together with increasing urbanization and motorization. Among the top ten causes of death in the country, Road Traffic Accident was the tenth cause two decades back, but with the increasing urban expanse and lifestyle changes. Jaipur has 3.32 million populations and over this population 1.9 million vehicles registered which is include 609 total vehicles per 1000. As the report released by the ministry of road transport and highways revealed that Jaipur had a share of 4.1% in total accidents in the country, in which 10,510 people lost their lives. This study is related to road accident study of Jaipur city, behavior of accident, accident statics and finding the flaws in road construction and safety aspects.

Black Spot, Globalization, Prone stretches, Severity.



3. , Ministry of Road Transportation and Highway.

4.       Al-Khateeb, G.G., Obaidat, M.T. and Khedaywi, T.S. 2008. Road Safety Strategies Through Excellence in Services, Awareness and Law Enforcement in Jordan. Proceedings of the 5th International Safety Conference, Road and Traffic Safety Strategies, Amman, Jordan, April 22-24, 8-22

5.       Fitzgerald, M., Dewan, Y., O’Reilly, G., Mathew, J. & McKenna, C. (2006) India and the management of road crashes: Towards a national trauma system. Indian Journal of Surgery, 68 (4), 226-232.

6.       Mondal, P., Kumar, A., Bhangale, U.D., Tyagi, D. (2011b). A Silent Tsunami on Indian Road: A Comprehensive Analysis of Epidemiological Aspects of Road Traffic Accidents.British Journal of Medicine & Medical Research, 1(1), 14-23.

7.       Goswami and Sonowal (2011). Statistical Analysis of road traffic accident data for the year 2009 in Dibrugarh city, Assam, India. http: Access date: 13/07/2012

8.       World Health Organization (2004). World report on road traffic injury prevention. World Health Organization publications.

9.       Engel U & Thompson LK (1992) Safety effects of speed reducing measures in Danish residential areas. Accident Analysis and Prevention 24, 1 7–28.

10.    National Crimes Record Bureau, Accidental Deaths and Suicides in India, New Delhi, Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt. of India, volume 2001, 2011.




Kamlesh Saini, Hitesh Meena, Chirag Madhukar

Paper Title:

Status of Rain Water Harvesting in Matsya Industrial Area, Alwar

Abstract: The concept of water harvesting, especially rainwater harvesting, has been in existence for over five thousand years, since the early development of settlements and agriculture. These rainwater harvesting structures tended to provide drinking water for livestock, but the idea has broadened to include the provision of irrigation water for agriculture, of water for domestic purposes, and of a clean and safe supply of drinking water. This collection of papers builds on research into water harvesting from industries area of Alwar. As the world population increases, the demand increases for quality drinking water. Surface and groundwater resources are being utilized faster than they can be recharged. Rainwater harvesting is an old practice that is being adopted by many nations as a viable decentralized water source. This paper reveals that Most of the industries have the rainwater harvesting system is existence in the study area and the water that  is harvested by these industries is utilized for mostly 2-4months.Some industries that do not have  rainwater harvesting system they are in favor of construction of rain water harvesting if support provided to them from government.

 RWH, decentralized, Resources


1.       J.R.Julius1 , Dr.R.Angeline  Prabhavathy2 , Dr. G.Ravikumar3 1 Research Scholar, Hindustan University, Chennai, India 2 Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Hindustan University, Chennai, India 3 Associate Professor, A.C.Tech, Anna University, Chennai, India
2.       M. Dinesh Kumar1, Ankit Patel1 and O.P. Singh2 1 IWMI-TATA Water Policy Program, Hyderabad, India 2 Benaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India

3.       MS ME-Development Institute (Ministry of MSME, Govt. of India,) 22 Godam, Industrial Estate, Jaipur-302006

4.       Global Development Research Center, 2002. An Introduction to Rainwater Harvesting. Retrieved December 2004
5.       Gould, J. and Nissen-Peterson, E. (1999) Rainwater Catchment Systems for Domestic Supply. IT Publications Lt.

6.       Meghashyam. K, Rainwater Harvesting- A New Concept to Utilize Rainwater and Secure the Future (J.M. Jaina & Brothers: Delhi, 2006).

7.       Jeet. Inder, Rainwater Harvesting (Mittal Publication: New Delhi, 2009).

8.       Allan, J.A. & Mallat, C, Water in the Middle East: Legal, Political and Commercial Implications (British Academy Press; London, 1995).

9.       S, Patel. A & L, Shah. D, Water Management- Conservation, Harvesting and Artificial Recharge’, New Age International Publishers: New Delhi, 2009).

10.    A Water Harvesting Manual for Urban Areas- Case Studies from Delhi (CSE Publication: New Delhi, 2012).

11.    Average annual rainfall of the states of India (2013),, Accessed on 26/7/2012.

12.    B Arjun, and R, O. Neil, Harvesting Rainwater: Catch Water Where it Falls, Centre for Civil Society, 422-439. [8] A Water Harvesting Manual, Centre for Science and Environment, Accessed on 04/04/2013




Prakash Somani, Prakhar Hazrati, Rakesh Kumar, Punit Sharma, Pawan Goyal, Sunil Mehta

Paper Title:

“Strengthening Concrete Mix by Partially Replacing Cement with Fly Ash and Fine Aggregate with Steel Slag”

Abstract:  In India now a day’s disposal of industrial by products is a major problem. Industrial by-products like fly ash and steel slag are generated in huge quantities. We can’t use all the industrial by-product for the land filling and other disposal purpose. Till 1st half year 2014-15 fly ash generated is about 91.77 million ton. For 1st half year 2015-16 fly ash generated is about 83.64 million ton. From every ton of liquid steel, 150 kg- 200 kg of steel slag is generated. For resolving this kind of problem cement has been partially replaced by fly ash, considering optimum replacement of fly ash by weight in conventional concrete mix of M30 grade. Fine aggregate was partially replaced by varying percentage of weight by steel slag so as to obtain the optimum content of partial replacement. The hardened concrete was thus tested for compressive strength after 7 days, 14 days and 28 days. Split tensile test of hardened concrete has been carried out after 28 days. The compressive strength and split tensile strength obtained after 28 days is compared with the strength obtained for control mix proportion of M30 grade. So fly ash and steel slag together or individually can be replaced for the production of conventional concrete mix design.

  compressive strength, split tensile, fly ash, steel slag, cement, fine aggregate, steel slag ash concrete.


1.          Pankaj BhausahebAutade, Hardeep Singh and Jaswinder Singh Saluja, “Effect of Steel Slag as a Replacement of Fine Aggregate in M40 Grade of Concrete” International Journal of New Innovations in Engineering and Technology Volume 5, Issue 4- August 2016, e-ISSN: 2319-6319
2.          Shriver Padha and Ravi Kumar,”Utilization of Steel Slag in Concrete as a Partial Replacement to Fine Aggregate” International Journal of Scientific Research and Education Volume 4, Issue 7- July 2016, e-ISSN: 2321-7545

3.          P.S.Kothai and Dr.R.Malathy, “Utilization of Steel Slag in Concrete as a Partial Replacement Material for Fine Aggregates” International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, Volume 3, Issue 4- April 2014, e-ISSN: 2319-8753

4.          T.G.S Kiran and M.K.M.V Ratnam, “Fly Ash as a Partial Replacement of Cement in Concrete and Durability Study of Fly Ash in Acidic (H2so4) Environment” International Journal of Engineering Research and Development., Volume 10, Issue 12- December, pp. 01-13, e-ISSN 2278-067X

5.          Jayeshkumar Pitroda, Dr. L.B.Zala and Dr.F.S.Umrigar, “Experimental Investigations on Partial Replacement of Cement with Fly Ash in Design Mix Concrete” International Journal of Advanced Engineering Technology, Volume 3, Issue 4, Oct.-Dec. 2012, e-ISSN:0976-3945

6.          Md. Moinul Islam and Md. Saiful Islam, “Strength Behaviour of Mortar Using Fly Ash as Partial Replacement of Cement”, Concrete Research Letters, Volume 1, Issue 3-September 2010

7.          S.S.Pavare and S.T.Borole “Replacement of Fine Aggregate by Steel Slag”,   Volume 2, Issue 3- March 2016, e-ISSN: 2454-9665

8.          Ansu John and Elson John, “Study on the partial replacement of fine aggregate using induction furnace slag”, Department of Civil Engineering, Mar Athanasius College of Engineering, Kothamangalam, India.

9.          Khajuria Chetan, Rafat Siddique, “Use of Iron Slag as Partial Replacement of Sand to Concrete”, International Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology Research (IJSETR), Volume 3, Issue 6, June 2014 1877ISSN: 2278 – 7798, p.p 1877-1880.

10.       Y.Boopathi1 and Dr.K.NirmalKumar, “Study on mechanical properties of ecofriendly Economic concrete”, International Journal of Science, Technology & Management , Volume No.04, Issue No. 02, February 2015 ISSN (online): 2394-1537.

11.       “Fly Ash for Cement Concrete”, NTPC Limited.

12.       “Indian Minerals Year Book 2015”, Metals and Alloys, Oct., 2016.

13.       ACI Committee 225, Guide to the Selection and Use of Hydraulic Cements.

14.       ACI Report 225R-99, American Concrete Institute, Farmingdale Hills, MI, 2001.

15.       IS: 10262-2009 – Concrete Mix Proportioning (Guidelines).

16.       Alvin Harison, Vikas Srivastava and Arpan Herbent, “Effect of Fly-ash on Compressive Strength of Portland Pozzolona Cement Concrete” Journal of Academia and Industrial Research, Vol.2, 2014, ISSN:2278-5213.

17.       Aman Jatale, Kartiey Tiwari, Sahil Khandelwal (2013) – “Effects on Compressive Strength When Cement is Partially Replaced by Fly Ash” IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering, e ISSN:2278-1684, Vol. 5, pp 34-43.

18.       E. Anastasiou and I. Papayianni “Criteria for the use of steel slag in concrete” – Journal of Laboratory of Building Materials, Aristotle University of Thessalonik, Aristotle University Campus, 54124, Thessaloniki, Greece –

19.       Palankar Nitendra, A. U. Ravi Shankar, B.M. Mithun, “Studies on Eco-friendly Concrete incorporating Industrial Waste as Aggregate”, International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment, IJSBE 81.

20.       M.S. Shetty, “Concrete Technology”, S. Chand and Company Limited.




Rakesh Saini, Sapna Meena, Ravi Raj, Himanshu Meena

Paper Title:

Studies on the Effect of Rice Husk Ash as Cement Admixture

Abstract:  Horticulture for waste resources in construction diligence’s is well known for fortification of resources and inhibiting conversational ecological compensations which caused by extracting and deficiency of raw materials. Many investigators have shown that some of these wastes have good pozzolanic properties that would improve the quality of concrete originated. The advance Rice husk ash, by sluggish burn and/or grinding, has been used as a pozzolanic material in cement and concrete. Using it provides considerable advantages, such as enhanced strength and durability properties, and conversational benefits related to the disposition of waste materials and to reduced carbon dioxide emissions. The main dispassionate of this work is to study the suitability of the rice husk ash as a pozzolanic material for cement restoration in concrete. However it is expected that the use of rice husk ash as a source material for partial restoration of cement, which satisfies the various structural properties of concrete like compressible strength. Compressible strength tests were carried out with cement substituted by rice husk ash at 3 levels (0, 10, 20and 30%).  After the curing age of 3, 7, 14 and 28 days. The chemical psychoanalysis of the rice husk ash recognize high quantity of silica (68.2%), alumina (1.02%) and oxides such as calcium oxide (1.02%) and iron oxide (0.79%) accountable for strength, soundness and setting of the concrete. It also accommodate high amount of magnesia (1.32%) which is responsible for the unsoundness. This result, consequently, designated with the intention of Rice husk ash be able to be used as cement substitute at 10% and 20% restoration and 14 and 28day curing age.

Compressive Strength, Setting Time, Soundness, Curing, Concrete.


1.    Rama Rao G.V, Seshagiri Rao M.V,”High Performance Concrete Mix Design using Husk Ash As Mineral Admixture”, proceedings of natural convention on materials and structures, Warangal, pp. 65-70, 2004.
2.    Rama Samy, Dr. Viswa. S,“Durable To Properties Of RiceHusk Ash Concrete”, ICI academic journal Indian concrete institute. 41-50, 2009.

3.    A.A. Boateng, D.A. Skeete,“Incineration of Rice Hull for use as a Cementitious Material: The Guyana Experience”, Cement and Concrete Research, Vol. 20, 1990, pp. 795-802.

4.    Arpana,”Rice Husk Ash-Admixture to concrete”, 2ndNational conference on Advances in concreteTechnology, February 26-27, 2004, pp. 93-98.

5.    Chai Jaturapitakkul, Bookmark Roongreung,”CementingMaterial from Calcium CarbideResidue-Rice Husk Ash”,Journal of materials in civil Engineering ASCE, September-October 2003, pp. 470-475.

6.    Deepa G. Nair, K.S Jagadish, Alex Fraaij,“ReactivePozzolanas from Rice Husk Ash: An alternative to cementfor rural accommodation”, Cement and Concrete Research 36, 2006pp. 1062-1071.

7.    G.V. Rama Rao, M.V. Sheshagiri Rao,”High recital Concrete with Rice Husk Ash as Mineral Admixture”, ICI Journal, April-June 2003, pp. 17-22.

8.    Gamma Rodriguez de Sensale,“Strength expansion of Concrete with Rice- Husk Ash”, Cement & Concrete Composites 28, 2006, pp. 158-160.

9.    H.B.Mahmud, B.S.Chia, N.B.A.A. Hamid,”Rice Husk Ash-An Alternative material in producing High StrengtConcrete”, International consultation on Engineering Materials, June 8-11, 1997, Ottawa, Canada, pp. 275-284.




Prince Malik, Shubham Jain,Vinay Raj Meena, Sudesh Khator

Paper Title:

Study of Effect on Soil Properties on Addition of Fly Ash and Micro Silica Fumes

Abstract:   The foundation of any construction in the discipline of civil engineering depends a lot on the quality of soil or soil stability. The term soil stabilization verily explains the use of various alternatives, additives and stabilizing agents to enhance and improve the engineering quality of the soil, be it by using any physical or chemical method whatsoever. The dilapidated performance of any construction project can be verily traced by factors which destabilize the soil since the unstable soil puts significant obstacles and impediments, for overall stability of pavements and structures. The central dogma of this study is an attempt of the authors to investigate the use of materials of insignificant importance like fly ash and micro-silica in soil engineering and to observe experiment and hence, infer the effect of the aforesaid materials on strength development of soil. Over here, the results obtained give complete analysis of soil properties like dry density, permeability and California Bearing Ratio after the addition of the fly ash and micro silica.

 Fly Ash, Micro Silica fumes, Permeability, Dry density, CBR


1.       S. P Singh andAPani, “Evaluation of Lime Stabilized Fly ash as a Highway Material” International Journal of Environmental Research and Development, Vol. 4, (2014) pp 281-286
2.       IRC: SP: 89-2010, “Guidelines for Soil and Granular Material Stabilization Using Cement, Lime and Fly ash”, Indian Road Congress, New Delhi.

3.       Ahmed, Afaf Ghais Abadi, “Fly ash Utilization in Soil Stabilization”, International Conference on Civil, Biological and Environmental Engineering, CBEE,(2014) pp76-78.

4.       S.Bhuvaneshwari  ,R.G. Robinson, , R.G.Gandhi, X., “Stabilization of Expansive Soils Using Fly ash”, Fly Ash Utilization Programme , FAUP, TIFAC, DST, Vol. 8, (2005)pp 5.1-5.9.

5.       S.Karthik,Ashok  Kumar,P. Gowtham,G. Elango, D. Gokul, S.Thangaraj, “Soil Stabilization by Using Fly ash”, IOSR Journal of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, IOSR-JMCE, Vol. 10, (2014)pp 20-26.

6.       J. M. Raut,S.P. Bajad,S. R Khadeshwar, “Stabilization of Expansive Soil Using Fly ash and Murrum”, International Journal Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, vol. 3, (2014) pp14280- 14284.

7.       Laxmikant Yadu,andR. K Tripathi, “Stabilization of Soft Soil with Granulated Blast Furnance Slag and Fly ash”, International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology, vol. 2,(2013) pp 115-119.

8.       Brooks Robert M.,“Soil Stabilization with Fly ash and Rice Husk Ash”, International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences, Vol. 1, (2009) pp 209-217.




Ankita P. Dadhich, Rohit Goyal, Pran N. Dadhich

Paper Title:

Assessment of Temporal Variations in Surface Water Quality and Water Supply of Kota

Abstract: Due to the natural and anthropogenic inputs, the Chambal River which passes through the Kota city has gradually deteriorated. The assessment of surface water quality is an important aspect to understand the ecological sustainability of the river. Hence, in this study the surface water quality of Kota was evaluated using long time series data (1999 to 2016) for pre-monsoon and post-monsoon period. Data on monitored locations were collected from Public Health Engineering Department (PHED). Various physio-chemical parameters of surface water quality for River Chambal, Akelgarh water treatment plant and Sakatpura water treatment plant were examined to assess the extent of pollution and its suitability for drinking and irrigation purposes. Apart from this the seasonal and temporal variations in water supply of Kota city were observed during 2006-2016. The results imply that water quality of River Chambal is moderately polluted, hence to maintain its water quality; proper waste disposal technique should be adopted. However, drinking water supply system analysis indicates the shortage of water supply in outskirts of the city, so water transmission system need to be augmented in near future to supply additional demand in the newly developed areas in the city.

Keywords: surface water quality, temporal variations, water supply


1.       BIS (2012). Drinking water specification. IS 10500.Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi. Crawford, A.R. (1969). India, Ceylon and Pakistan: new age data and comparisons with Australia. Nature 223: 380 – 384, in Chowdhury, S.,
2.       1981. Some Studies on the Biology and Ecology of Gavialis gangetics, the Indian gharial (Crocodilia; Gavialidae). PhD Thesis, University of Lucknow.

3.       Gupta N., Nafees S.M., Jain M.K., Kalpana S. (2011). Physico-chemical assessment of water quality of River chambal in Kota city area of Rajasthan State (India).  Rasayan J. Chem., Vol.4, No.2, pp.686-692.

4.       India: Situation Report Floods (2006). Report from UN development programme

5.       Jain N., Sharma S., Duggal R. (2014). Physico-Chemical &Microbial Assessment of Ground Water of DCM Industrial Area and Its Adjoining Areas, Kota [India].Part I. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol. 3, Issue 11, pp 17237-17244.

6.       Mustafa D., Suicmez M. (2007). Utilization of both benthic macroinvertebrates and physicochemical parameters for evaluating water quality of the stream Cekerek (Tokat, Turkey). J. Environ. Biol., 28, pp. 231-236.

7.       Sileika A., Lnacke P., Kutra S., Gaigals K., Berankiene L. (2006). Temporal and spatial variation of nutrient levels in the Nemunas river (Lithuania and Belarus). Environ. Monit.Assess.,122: 335-354.

8.       Yadav N.S., Sharma M.P., Kumar A., Pani S. (2014), Water Quality Assessment of Chambal River in National Chambal Sanctuary of Madhya Pradesh. Environmental Sustainability: Concepts, Principles, Evidences and Innovations – ISBN: 978-93-83083-75-6, pp 24-35.




Laxmikant Saini, Ramesh Chand Sharma, Ramesh Kumar, Romendra Singh Maan, Sanju Kumar 

Paper Title:

Assessment of Pre-Stress Concrete with Reinforcement & Bamboo

Abstract:  Use of pre-stress concrete by pre-tensioning method, we are replacing reinforcement tendon –cable by using bamboo cable . In this method we are making tendon cables in beam structure. Generally in present scenario we are using reinforcement tendon bar in pre-stress concrete beam structure. These processes are very costly and time consuming so that in this project low cost, eco-environment, low time consuming and light weight structure is obtained. In this project we are investigating the mechanical properties of bamboo like as tensile strength, flexural tensile strength, torsion buckling test. Comparing the pre-stress bamboo concrete structure or pre-stress reinforcement concrete structure. In this experimental work the possibility of effective use of ‘Bamboo’ in the pre-stress concrete structure.

 Bamboo reinforcement, flexural strength, Pre-stress, tendon, tensile strength,


1.    H. E. Glenn. “Bamboo reinforcement in Portland cement concrete,” Engineering Experiment Station, Clemson Agricultural College, Clemson, South Carolina, Bulletin No. 4, May 1950.
2.    U. S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station. Technical Report No. 6-646: “Precast concrete elements with bamboo reinforcement,” by E. F. Smith and K. L. Saucier. Vicksburg, Mississippi, May 1964.

3.    Development of Methods for Analysis and Design of Pre stressed Concrete Slabs [author;-Ahmad Ali Khan, K. K. Pathak, N. Dindorkar] Dept. Civil Engg., MANIT Bhopal (M.P.), INDIA, CS&PM Group, AMPRI (CSIR), Bhopal (M.P.) INDIA

4.    A comparative study of Bamboo reinforced concrete beams using different stirrup materials for rural construction Adom- Asamoah Mark, Afrifa Owusu Russell , International Journal of Civil and Structural Engineering Volume 2 Issue 2 2011

5.    Basic Study on Bond Flexural Properties of Bamboo Reinforced Concrete Members. Proceedings of the Japan Concrete Institute, Terai, M. and Minami, K. (2011b).

6.    S. R. Mehra and R. G. Ghosh. “Bamboo-reinforced soil-cement,” Civil Engineering and Public Works Review, Vol. 60, no. 711, October 1965; vol. 60, no. 712. November 1965.

7.    American Concrete Institute. “Building code requirements for reinforced concrete,” (ACI 318-56). May 1956.

8.    B C Punmia, Jain, A. K. Jain, A.K. “RCC Designs (Reinforced Concrete Structure)” Replacement of Steel by Bamboo Reinforcement

9.    Anurag Nayak1, Arehant S Bajaj2, Abhishek Jain3, Apoorv Khandelwal4, Hirdesh Tiwari5




Satyajit Nath, Santosh Sharma, Rajesh Raj, Ravi Kumar

Paper Title:

Sustainable Structure on The Basis of Green Concrete

Abstract: Green concrete is made with industrial and concrete waste which are environmentally friendly. Concrete is the largest using source in construction. In all construction industry, concrete is main material for construction. In present, the consumption of industrial waste material (fly ash, plastic waste, silica fume, rice husk) and recycled concrete are taking place. The use of fly ash in concrete helps in reduction of Greenhouse emission which adversely affect the environment. It has been observed that 0.9 ton of carbon dioxide are produced for every 1 ton of cement produced [1]. So, by the use of green concrete, it is possible to reduce the carbon dioxide emission in atmosphere. This construction is eco -friendly as well as economic in nature.

Green concrete, green house emission, recycle concrete, fly ash, carbon dioxide, plastic waste, silica fume and rice husk.


1.       Swamy RN, Mehmod HB. Mix proportions and strength characteristics of concrete containing 50% low calcium fly ash. In: Malhotra VM, editor. Proceedings of the second international congress on fly ash, silica fume, slag and national pozzolanas in concretes, Madrid, ACJ SP 91, vol. 1; 1986. p. 413–32.
2.       Zasiah Tafheem, Shovona Khusru and SabreenaNasrin, “Environmental Impact of Green Concrete in Practice”, International Conference on Mechanical Engineering and Renewable Energy, 22- 24 December 2011. pp. 3.2-3.4.

3.       M. Shahul Hammed and A.S.S Sekar. “Properties of Green Concrete Containing Quarry Dust and Marble Sludge Powder as Fine Aggregate”, APRN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, June 2009.

4.       Rebeiz, K. S., 1996. Precast use of polymer concrete using unsaturated polyester resin based on recycled PET waste. Construction and Building Materials 10 (3), 215-220.

5.       Introduction of Silica fume

6.       Scope in India http://www.greenconcrte scope in India

7.       Durability of green concrete Concrete is most commonly used material

8. ash used in the green concrete

9. of green concrete in India

10.    M. Shahul Hammed and A.S.S Sekar. “Properties of Green Concrete Containing Quarry Dust and Marble Sludge Powder as Fine Aggregate”, APRN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, June 2009.

11.    Sivakumar and Prakash. M. “Characteristic studies on the Mechanical Properties of Quarry Dust addition in conventional concrete”, Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology, October 2011.




Pran N. Dadhich, Shinya Hanaoka

Paper Title:

Land Suitability Analysis using Multi Criteria Evaluation of Jaipur City

Abstract:  Rapid urban growth is characterized by drastic population changes from rural to urban areas especially in developing regions like India. Urban growth leads to development of suburban expension and redevelopment in city centre due to limited land availability in megacities. This requires optimum usage of land and careful planning for land allocation. Land suitability process determines the most desirable direction for future development and plays key role in sustainable development of the city. Therefore, Land suitability analysis has been performed to assess the urban growth using multi criteria evaulation approach. Multi criteria evaluation is integrated with GIS to define the rating and weights to the process. Factors such as proximity to road, proximity to city centre, slope etc. have been used for this analysis, whereasforest, existing urban area, and water bodies have been used as a constraint. Urban change pattern indicates that most of the urban growth exists in the very high suitable land areas i.e. 57% during 1989-2002. However, during 2002-2006 maximum urban growth was found in high suitable areas i.e. 55%. This study indicates that GIS based land suitability analysis could help for decesion making and management.

characterized, suburban expension, whereas forest, constraint, areas i.e. 55%.


1.       Johnson, M. P. (2001) Environmental Impacts of urban sprawl: a survey of the literature and proposed research agenda, Environment and Planning A 33(4), 717–735.
2.       Peiser, R. (2001) Decomposing urban sprawl, Town Planning Review 72(3), 275–298.

3.       Pendall, R. (1999) Do land-use controls cause sprawl? Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 26(4), 555–571.

4.       Steiner, F., McSherry, L. and Cohen, J. (2000) Land suitability analysis for the upper Gila River watershed, Landscape and Urban Planning 50, 199-214.

5.       Hopkins, L.D. (1977) Methods for generating land suitability maps: a comparative evaluation, Journal of the American Planning Association 43(4), 386 – 400.

6.       Laaribi, A., Chevallier, J.J. and Martel, J.M. (1996) A spatial decision aid: a multi criterion evaluation approach, Computers, Environment and Urban Systems 20 (6), 351–366.

7.       AL-Shalabi, M. A., Mansor, S.B., Ahmed, N.B. and Shiriff, R. (2006) GIS based multicriteria approaches to housing site suitability assessment, Shaping the Change XXIII FIG Congress Munich, Germany, October 8-13, 2006.

8.       Jain, K. and Subbaiah, Y.V. (2007) Site suitability analysis for urban development using GIS, Journal of Applied Sciences 7(18), 2576–2583.

9.       Eastman, J.R., Jin, W., Kyem, A.K.P. and Toledano, J. (1995) Raster procedure for multi-criteria/multi-objective decisions, Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 61(5), 539-547.

10.    Pereira, J.M.C. and Duckstein, L. (1993) A multiple criteria decision-making approach to GIS-based land suitability evaluation, International Journal of Geographical Information Systems, 7(5), 407–424.

11.    Burrough, P.A., Macmillan, R. A. and Deursen,W. (1992) Fuzzy classification methods for determining land suitability from soil profile observations and topography, Journal of Soil Science 43, 193-210.

12.    Collins, M.G., Steiner, F.R. and Rushman, M.J. (2001) Land-use suitability analysis in the United States: historical development and promising technological achievements, Environmental Management 28(5), 611–621.

13.    Zadeh, L.A. (1965) Fuzzy sets. Information and Control, 8, 338–353.

14.    Saaty, R.W. (1987) The analytic hierarchy process—what it is and how it is used, Mathematical Modeling, 9(3), 161-176.




Rakesh Saini, Sapna Meena, Ravi Raj, Ravi Shankar

Paper Title:

The use of Rice Husk ash as Partial Replacement for Cement in Concrete

Abstract:   Precedent investigation work is working out up with the study work on the property of Rice Husk Ash at what time used as fractional replacement for Ordinary Portland Cement in concrete. Ordinary Portland cement was replace with Rice husk ash by weight at 0%, 10%, 20% and 30% proportion.  0% re-establishment allot as the direct. Compacting factor test was borne out on spanking new-fangled concrete though Compression Strength test be borne elsewhere on case-hardened 150mm concrete cubes after 7,14, 28days curing in water. The consequences identify so as to the compacting factor decreased as the percentage restoration of Ordinary Portland cement with Rice husk ash increased. The compressible strength of the hardened concrete also decreased with ever-increasing Ordinary Portland cement restoration with rice husk ash. Also, the use of rice husk ash would consequence in a diminution of the charge of concrete conception, and the lessening of the conversational greenhouse extraordinary special effects. This is an assignment made to augment the concrete by means of rice husk ash as a basis material for fractional re-establishment of cement, which reassure the structural property of concrete like compressible strength.  It is recommended that advance studies be borne out to gather more particulars about the appropriateness of partial replacement of Ordinary Portland cement with Rice husk ash in concrete. From the complete experimental exertion & studies it is wrap up that mix M40 with the substitute of 20% is the best consolidation amid all mixes, which stretches the superlative compressible strength.

Cement, Compressive strength, Rice Husk Ash (RHA), ordinary Portland cement (OPC), Properties.


1.       P. Padma Rao, A. Pradhan Kumar, B. Bhaskar Singh, “A Study on Use of Rice Husk Ash in Concrete”IJEAR Vol. 4, Issue Spl-2, Jan – June 2014, pp. 75-81
2.       P.M.Shanmugavadivu, Hima Hemant, P.JeevaRekha, D.P.Preeti, “A study on paver blocks using rice husk “, ICSE 2011, pp. 306-311

3.       R.N. Krishna, “Rice husk ash- An ideal admixture for concrete in aggressive environments”, 37th Conference on Our World in Concrete & Structures 29-31 August 2012, Singapore.

4.       Godwin A. Akeke, Maurice E. Ephraim, Akobo, I.Z.S and Joseph O. Ukpata, “Structural properties of rice husk ash concrete”, International Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences,

5.       May 2013. Vol. 3, No. 3.

6.       Praveen V Domke, Sandesh D Deshmukh, Satish D kene. R.S.Deotale, “Study of Various Characteristic of Concrete with Rice Husk Ash as a Partial Replacement of Cement with Natural Fibers (Coir)”, International

7.       Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, Vol. 1, Issue 3, pp.554-562

8.       Ha Thanh Le, Sang Thanh Nguyen, and Horst-Michael Ludwig (2014)“A Study on High Performance Fine-Grained Concrete Containing Rice Husk Ash” International Journal of Concrete Structures andMaterials, Vol.8, No.4, pp.301–307.

9.       J. H. S. Rego, A. A. Nepomuceno, E. P. Figueiredo, N. P. Hasparykandand L. D. Borges (2014) “Effect of Particle S ize of Remaining

10.    Rice-Husk Ash in Consumption of Ca(OH)2” ASCE Journal of MaterialsinCivil Engineering.

11.    Viet-Thien-An Van, Christiane Robler, Danh-Dai Bui and Horst-Michael Ludwig (2014) “Rice Husk Ash As Both Pozzolanic Admixture And Internal Curing Agent In Ultra- High Performance Concrete” Journal of Cement & Concrete Composites 53, Pg no. 270-278.

12.    Muthadhi and S. Kothandaraman (2013) “Experimental Investigations of Performance distinctiveness of Rice Husk Ash–Blended Concrete” ASCE Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, Vol. 25, No. 8.

13.    Nabi Yuzer, Zekiye Cinar, Fevziye Akoz, Hasan Biricik, Yelda Yalcin Gurkan, Nihat Kabay and Ahmet B. Kizilkanat (2013) “Influence of Raw Rice Husk Addition on Structure and Properties of Concrete” Journal of Con struction and Building Materials 44, Pg no. 54-62.

14.    R. Zerbino, G. Giaccio and G.C. Isaia (2011) “Concrete Incorporating Rice-Husk Ash Without Processing” Journal of Construction and Building Materials 25, Pg no.371–378.

15.    Hwang Chao-Lung, Bui Le Anh-Tuan and Chen Chun-Tsun (2011) “Effect Of Rice Husk Ash On The Strength And Durability Characteristics Of Concrete” Journal of Construction and Building Materials 25, Pg no.–3772.

16.    M.F.M. Zain, M.N. Islam, F. Mahmud and M. Jamil (2011) Production of Rice Husk Ash for Use In Concrete As A Supplementary Cementitious Material” Journal of Construction and Building Materials25, Pg no. 798 -805.

17.    Roselle M. Ferraro, Antonio Nanni,Rajan K. Vempati and FabioMatta (2010) “Carbon Neutral Off-White Rice Husk Ash as  a Partial White Cement Replacement” ASCE Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, Vol. 22, No. 10.

18.    Gemma Rodríguez de Sensale (2010) “Effect of Rice-Husk Ash on Durability of Cementitious Materials” Journal of Cement & Concrete Composites 32, Pg no.718–725.




Akshima Gautam, Kamlesh Jangid, Jitesh Kumawat, Bhawani Singh Rathore

Paper Title:

Traffic Volume Study of Pratap Nagar, Jaipur

Abstract: the knowledge of traffic volume is an important basic input required for planning, analysis and for the operation of roadway systems. Expressing traffic volume as number of vehicles passing through a particular section of road or traffic lane per unit time will be improper when different types of vehicles with widely varying static and dynamic characteristics are comprised in the traffic. The problem of measuring volume of such heterogeneous traffic has been calculated by converting the different types of vehicles into equivalent passenger cars and expressing the volume in terms of Passenger Car Unit (PCU) per hour. The vehicles of highly heterogeneous traffic with widely varying physical and operational characteristics such as the one prevailing on Indian roads, occupy based on the availability of space, any convenient lateral position on the road without any lane discipline. The interaction between moving vehicles under such heterogeneous traffic condition is very complex. The results of the study, provides an insight into the complexity of the vehicular interaction in heterogeneous traffic. The PCU estimates, made through microscopic simulation, for the different types of vehicles of heterogeneous traffic, for a wide range of traffic volume and roadway conditions indicate that the PCU value of a vehicle significantly changes with change in traffic volume and width of roadway spacing.

Volume, Demand, Road Capacity, Average Daily   Traffic, Average Annual Daily Traffic (AADT),


1.    Dimension and weight of road design vehicles IRC:3-1983
2.    IRC:9-1972 Traffic census of non urban roads

3.    IRC-171977 Guidelines on re-populations and control of mixed traffic in urban areas

4.    IRC-106-1990 Guidelines for capacity of urban roads in plain areas

5.    IRC-102-1988 Traffic studies for planning by-pass around town

6.    HCM, 2010, Highway Capacity Manual            

7.    Lateral Distribution of Mixed on Two-Lane Roads. Journal of Transportation Engineering, ASCE, 597-600

8.    Transportation and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL) Research on Road Traffic, H.M.S.O, London, 1965

9.    Elisabeth, A. (2003). Lateral Position Detection Using a Vehicle-Mounted Camera. Linkopings University, 3417

10. Sharma, S. C. 1994 Seasonal Traffic Counts for a Precise Estimation of AADT. ITE Journal, Vol. 64, No. 9, pp. 34-41




Nisha Jain, Tanika Sethi, Surender Meena, Naveen Meena

Paper Title:

Treatment of Waste Water by Constructed Vertical Flow Wetland

Abstract:  Constructed wetland is considered as efficient and cost effective optional method for treatment of waste water. They are being used since 1990 and are constantly being used to treat contaminated water. This paper describes the investigations using artificial wetland which assess the removal of COD and BOD from primary wastewater. Artificial wetland use natural principle of treatment by physical, chemical and biological process to treat waste water and remove contaminants like nitrogen, phosphorus, suspended solids, COD, BOD and many more. Two vertical up flow constructed wetland were established in laboratory and used as biofilters. Both were filled with two layers of different size of gravels and one layer of sand. Plant species Canna Indica is used in one wetland (W1) whether another (W2) was unvegetated bed. The study was carried out for a period of two months from January to February 2017. The results show removal of COD and BOD was better in vegetated wetland.

canna indica, constructed wetland, waste water treatment


1.       H. Brix, C.A.Arias N.H.Johansen, “BOD and nitrogen removal from municipal wastewater in an experimental two-stage vertical flow constructed wetland system with recycling”, In: Proceedings of the Eight International Conference on Wetland Systems for Water Pollution Control. Arusha, Tanzania, Volume 16–19, pp.400–410, 2002
2.       Chang-gyun Lee, Tim D. Fletcher, Guangzhi Sun, “Nitrogen removal in constructed wetland system” Engg. Life Sci. 2009, 9, No. 1, 11,22

3.       P. M. Nuttall, A. G. Boon, M. R. Rowell,Review of the Design and Management of Constructed Wetlands. CIRIA Publications, London, UK 1998, 62–67.

4.       Volker Luederitz,, Elke Eckert, Martina Lange-Weber, Andreas Lange,Richard M. Gersberg “Nutrient removal efficiency and resource economics of vertical flow and horizontal flow constructed wetlands” Ecological Engineering 18 (2001) 157 – 171

5.       Healy M.G., Rodgers M., and Mulgueen.J, “Treatment of dairy wastewater using constructed wetland an intermittent sand filters”, Journal of Bio. Res.Tech., vol 98, pp 2268-2281,2007

6.       Sundaravadivel M., Vigneswaran S. “Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment.”Wastewater Recycle, Reuse and Reclamation 1 (2003).

7.       R.H Kadlec., R.L Knight, “Treatment Wetlands”. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, pp.893, 1996.

8.       Kavya S Kallimani, Arjun S Virupakshi “Comparison study on treatment of campus wastewater by constructed wetlands using canna indica and Phragmites austrails plants” IRJET e-ISSN: 2395-0056

9.       Kavya S Kallimani, Arjun S Virupakshi “Comparison study on treatment of campus wastewater by constructed wetlands using canna indica and Phragmites austrails plants” IRJET e-ISSN: 2395-0056

10.    Metcalf and Eddy (1991).Wastewater Engineering. Treatment, Disposal, Reuse. 3rd edition, McGraw-Hill Int. Ed., Singapore, 1991

11.    S. C. Reed, R. W. Crites, E. J. Middlebrooks,Natural Systems for Waste Management and Treatment , McGraw-Hill, New York 1995

12.    N.R. Khatiwada, C. Polprasert, “Assessment of ffective specific surface area for free water surface constructed wetlands” Water Sci. Technol. 1999, 40(3), 83-89


14.    EPA (1999). Free water surface wetlands for wastewater treatment: a technology assessment, Washington.D.C

15.    R.H Kadlec.,” An antibiotic wetland phosphorus model. Ecol. Eng, vol 8, pp, 145-172,1997

16.    Kaur R, Wani S.P, Singh A.K, Lal K.Wastewater production, treatment and use in India Country report India ;2012

17.    CHEN Ai-Xia, MA Yuan, LIU Xiao-Ru, CHEN Jing-Wen “Effect Research of Nitrogen Removal out of Sewage in Constructed Wetland” School of Environmental Science & Engineering, Chang’an University Xi’an, China, 2011, IEEE

18.    Gargi Sharma, Priya and Urmila Brighu, ”Performance Analysis of Vertical Upflow Constructed Wetlands for Secondary Treated Effluent” APCBEE-procedia 10 (2004) 110-114

19.    Stefanakis A. I, TsihrintzisV.A. Effects of loading, resting period, temperature, porous media, vegetation and aeration on performance of pilot-scale vertical flow constructed wetlands, Chemical engineering journal. 2012; 181–182: 416–430

20.    Brix, H. and Arias, C. A. (2005). The Use of Vertical Flow Constructed Wetlands for on-Site Treatment of Domestic Wastewater: New Danish Guidelines. Ecological Engineering 25 (5): 491-500.

21.    Cui L, Ouyang Y, Lou Q, Yang F, Chen Y, Zhu W, Luo S. Removal of nutrients from wastewater with canna indica L. under different vertical flow constructed wetland conditions. Ecological engineering, 36, 2010, 1083-1088.

22.    IS 3025 (Part 58): Method of Sampling and Test (Physical and Chemical) for Water and Wastewater, Part 58: Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) First Revision by Bureau of Indian Standards.

23.    Yang Q, Chen Z. H, Zhao J. G, Gu B. H. Contaminant removal of domestic wastewater by constructed wetlands: Effects of plant species. J. Integr. Plant Biol. 2007; 49(4): 437−446.

24.    Zhang Z, Rengel Z, Meney K. Nutrient removal from simulated wastewater using Canna indica and Schoenoplectus validus in mono- and mixed-culture in wetland microcosms. Water Air Soil Pollut. 2007b; 183: 95–105.




Saurabh Singh, Namrata Goyal, Sunil Meena, Tribhuvan Singh, Subhash Chandra

Paper Title:

Treatment of Waste Water using Microalgae

Abstract: Due to industrialization and urbanization water situation on the earth’s surface is becoming more complicated and resulting into water pollution. Risk of this polluted water consumption and its sanitation problem is increasing rapidly. So for today’s environment it has become an essential need to protect water from getting polluted or develop its cost effective remedial method for its protection. There are many technologies used to treat waste water from the industrial effluents. In which microalgae are one of the low cost waste water treatment methods. It has the self-cleansing power due to which it utilizes Nitrate, Sulphate and Phosphate for its growth. It also has the capacity to reduce chemical oxygen demand (COD), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and other heavy metal. The nutrients removal efficiency of microalgae based wastewater treatment system is very high as it removes 78-99% of Nitrogen and Phosphorus. The treatment system also succeeds to remove 40-65% of COD, BOD and other impurities present in wastewater.

 BOD, COD, Microalgae, treatment, turbidity


1.       Dr. (Mrs) Khambete A. K., Satpal “waste water treatment using microalgae” International Journal of Engineering Technology, Management and Applied Sciences (IJETMAS) February 2016, Volume 4, Issue 2, ISSN 2349-4476.
2.       Karin Larsdotter “waste water treatment with microalgae” environmental Microbiology, school of Biotechnology, KtH, albanova University Center VATTEN 62:31–38, 2006

3.       Arya Krishnan, Anand Lali Neera “waste water treatment by microalgae” International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology(IJIRSET) International Conference on Energy and Environment-2013 (ICEE 2013) Volume 2, Special Issue 1, December 2013

4.       N. Abdel-Raouf, A.A. Al-Homaidan and I.B.M. Ibraheem “microalgae and waste water treatment” Saudi Journal of Biological Science (2012) 19, 257-275


6.       Ahmed Al Darmaki, L Govindrajan, Sahar Talebi, Sara Al-Rajhi, Tahir Al-Barwani, Zainab AlBulashi,“Cultivation and Characterization of Microalgae for Wastewater Treatment”, World Congress on Engineering 2012 Vol I , London, U.K., ISBN: 978-988-19251-3-8.

7.       G. Sekaran, S. Karthikeyan, C. Nagalakshmi and A. B. Mandal,“Integrated Bacillus sp. immobilized cell reactor and Synechocystis sp. algal reactor for the treatment of tannery wastewater”, Environment Science Pollution Research , 2013, 20:281–291.

8.       Hammouda, O., Gaber, A., and Abdel¬Raouf, N. (1994) Microalgae and wastewater treatment. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. 31: p. 205–210

9.       De la Noüe, J., Laliberté, G., and Proulx, D. (1992) algae and waste water. J. Appl. Phycol. 4: p. 247–254.

10.    Deviram GVNS et al. ‟ Purification of wastewater Using algal species”. European Journal of Experimental Biology, 1(3):216-222, 2011.

11.    Glynn Henery, J., 1989. Water pollution. In: Heinke, G.W., Glynn Henery, J. (Eds.), Environmental Science and Engineering. Prentice-Hall Inc., Engelwood Cliffs, New Jersey, pp. 297–329

12.    De Pauw, N., Van Vaerenbergh, E., 1983. Microalgal wastewater treatment systems: Potentials and limits. In: Ghette, P.F. (Ed.), Phytodepuration and the Employment of the Biomass Produced. Centro Ric. Produz, Animali, Reggio Emilia, Italy, pp. 211–287

13.    J. C. M. Pires, M. C. M. Alvim-Ferraz, F. G. Martins and M. Simoes, “Wastewater treatment to enhance the economic viability of microalgae culture”, Environment Science Pollution Research, 2013, 20:5096–5105.

14.    Chevalier, P., Proulx, D., Lessard, P., Vincent, W.F. & Noue, J.D.L, (2000), Nitrogen and Phosphorus removal by high latitude matforming cyanobacteria for potential use intertiary wastewater treatment, Appl Phycol, 12, 105-112

15.    Muttamara S., (1996), Wastewater characteristic, Resource Conserv Recy, 16, 145- 159.

16.    Metcalf E, Eddy H, (1987), Wastewater treatment engineering: treatment, disposal, reuse, Tata-McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Ltd

17.    Abeliovich A, (1986), Algae in wastewater oxidation ponds; (ed. Richmonds A.), Handbook of microbial mass culture, CRC Press, p331-338.


21.    Z. Yaakob, Kamrul Fakir, Ehsan Ali, S.R.S. Abdullah, M.S. Takriff “Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, Engineering and Built Environment”, Jordan International Energy Conference 2011




Pran Nath Dadhich, Shikhar Saxena, Yugantar Bhansali, Mohd Manzoor, Rakesh Gadhwal

Paper Title:

Urban Change Detection Analysis using Geospatial Technology- Case Study of Jaipur

Abstract: In the developing country like India the major problem is the growing population. This increasing population seems to have more impact on availability of land and amenities provided to the people are also inadequate in comparison to their growth. All these factors effects the planning of all the facilities provided in big way. As Jaipur city which is rapidly developing and the problem of the availability of land is minimal so this may leads to destruction of the vegetation cover of Jaipur to provides land so all the basic facilities and amenities can be given to the people. This paper show how the techniques of remote sensing is useful in carrying out the comparison of data of the year 2000 and 2013 which is downloaded from land sat and LISS-3 respectively and extracting information from it which is required.

Remote Sensing, Change Detection, Land use Land cover.


1.    Bisht, B.S and Kothyari, B.P (2001): Land-Cover Change Analysis using GIS/Remote Sensing Techniques. Journal of Indian Society of Remote Sensing, Vol. 29 (3):165-174.
2.    Prakasam C. (2010): Land use and land cover change detection through remote sensing approach: A case study of Kodaikanal taluk,Tamil nadu.International Journal of Geomaticsand Geosciences   Volume 1, No 2, 2010

3.    Sharma, K. And Jalan, S. (2013): Change Assessment of Urban Green Spaces, Journal of the Institute of Indian Geographers, Vol. 35: 63-72

4.    Mass, J.F. (1999): Monitoring Land-Cover changes: A Comparison of Change Detection Techniques. International Journal of Remote Sensing, Vol. 20: 139-152




Pran Nath Dadhich, Shubham Khandelwal, Shivi Mehrotra, Vishal Kumawat, Neeraj Kumar Sharma

Paper Title:

Use of Geocomposite in Flexible Pavement

Abstract:  Drainage of water from pavement has always been a matter of consideration. Water is present in pavement in different forms like capillary water, free water, bound moisture, water vapor etc. which causes deterioration of pavement. To minimize deterioration of pavement, it needs an alternative material which fulfills all the shortcomings of conventional sub-base material. Geocomposite is the one which is adopted for the improvement in performance. It is used as a drainage layer and capillary barrier. The main objective of our study is to analyze the performance of flexible pavement using Geocomposite drainage layer. Cost comparison using Geocomposite and conventional material is shown in this paper. The properties like drainage, strength and permeability are investigated in this paper. This paper includes the results of test performed on Geocomposite such as permeability test, stability test, tearing strength test and CBR test. The test results evaluate that the Geocomposite drainage net has a higher flow capacity, lesser drainage time, and decreased cost of construction of pavement and increased strength and durability in comparison to conventional pavement.

 Permeability, Drainage, Cost, Strength, Stability and Deterioration.


1.       Al-Qadi I, Baek J (2008). Mechanism of Overlay Reinforcement to Retard Reflective Cracking under Moving Vehicular Loading.Pavement Cracking. CRC Press, pp. 563-573.
2.       John Stormont, R. Eric Pease, University of New Mexico; Karen Henry, United States Air Force Academy; and Lynette Barna and Deb Solano, US Army Cold Regions and Research Engineering Laboratory

3.       Amini F (2005). Potential Applications of Paving Fabrics to Reduce Reflective Cracking.FHWA/MS-DOT- RD-05- 174.

4.       Henry, K.S., (1991), “Effect of Geotextiles on Water Migration in Freezing Soils and The Influence of Freezing on Performance,” Proceedings of Geosynthetics ’91, Atlanta, Georgia, pp. 469-483.

5.       Christopher, B.R. and McGuffey, V.C., 1997, Pavement Subsurface Drainage Systems, National Cooperative Highway Research Program, Synthesis of Highway Practice 239, Transportation Research Board, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 44 p.

6.       Mallela, J., Titus-Glover, L. and Darter, M. (2000). “Considerations for Providing Subsurface Drainage in Jointed Concrete Pavements.” Transp. Res.

7.       Mallela, J., G. Larson, T. Wyatt, J. Hall and W. Barker (2002). “User’s Guide for Drainage Requirements for Pavements – DRIP 2.0 Microcomputer Program,” Federal Highway Administration. department of civil engineering Page 26

8.       Forsyth, R. A., G. K. Wells, and Woodstrom, J. H. (1987). “Economic impact of pavement subsurface drainage.”Transportation Research Record 1121, Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C., 77-85.

9.       Hagen, M. G., and Cochran, G. R. (1996). “Comparison of pavement drainage systems.”Transportation Research Record 1519, Transportation Research Board, D.C., 110.

10.    Kennepohl, G., Kamel, N., Walls, J., and Hass, R. C. (1985). “Geogrid reinforcement of flexible pavements design basis and field trials.” Proc., Annual Meeting of the Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists, Vol. 54, San Antonio, TX, 45-75.




Prakash Somani, Afreen Khan, Prashant Goyal, Nishant Rai, Juhi Khichi

Paper Title:

Use of Iron Slag and Aluminum Can Strips in Concrete

Abstract: The problem of waste is very common in India due to the by-products of the industrial waste. And it is produced at the large scale which has to minimized or utilized by the peoples somehow in India. Iron slag is one of the common waste by-product industrial wastes. Aluminum cans are popularly used now a day for packaging food industries as they recyclable but there recycling is not done fully so they also can be used to impart strength in concrete structure. This research is comprised of replacing fine aggregate by Iron slag and use aluminum can strips as additive. The compressive strength of the concrete block (Cube and Cylinder) is examined at various percentage of iron slag and cola can strip after 7, 14 and 28 days of curing in fresh water. Result is compared with the conventional concrete block and it has found that there is strength increment at certain percentage of Iron slag and aluminum can strip.

Compressive Strength, Tensile Strength, Concrete block, Aluminum can strips, Iron slag


1.    Khalid Raza, “Strength Analysis of Concrete by Using Iron Slag as a Partial Replacement of Normal Aggregate (Coarse) in Concrete,” research Paper of  P.G. Scholar, Department of Civil Engineering, M.M.M.U.T. Gorakhpur, India, Published
2.    Chetan Khajuria, “Use of Iron Slag as Partial Replacement of Sand to Concrete,” Chetan Khajuria¹, Assistant Professor, Civil Engineering Department. Arni University, Kathgarh, H.P, India, Published

3.    Rafat Siddique, “Rafat Siddique ², Senior Professor, Civil Engineering Department. Thapar University, Patiala, India.,”  Published

4.    Prakash Somani, “Use of demolished concrete waste in partial replacement of coarse aggregate in concrete,”   Asst. prof. , Poornima Institute of Engineering and Technology, Jaipur

5.    K Ravindra,”Potential Use of Coca-Cola Tin Waste as Fibers in concrete”,Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute Of engineering and technology, Surathkal,Published.




Vikas Sharma, Mohit Rathi, Pranav Verma, Kuldeep Jain, Naresh Saini

Paper Title:

Utilization of Coconut Fiber in Bitumen

Abstract:  This paper gives a review about the use of coconut fibers in bitumen used as a binding material in pavement construction. This fiber can be used to enhance the properties of bitumen such as its stability, adhesive property and temperature resistance. This enables the modified bitumen to be applicable in more adverse conditions. Previous researches has proved that coconut fibers can improve the engineering properties of bitumen. The use of coconut fiber is economical and easily available.

 Coconut Fiber (CF), Bitumen, Consistency, Adhesion, Pavement.


1.    Tan, I.A., et al. 2012 Effect of Merination and Acetylation on properties of coconut fiber and its influence on Modified Bitumen. UNIMAS e-journal of Civil Engineering.
2.    Al-Hadidy, A. and T. Yi-Qui. 2009. Mechanistic approach for Polypropylene-modified pavements. Materials & Design. 30(4): 1133-1140.

3.    Chen, H. and Q. Xu. 2010. Experimental Study of fibers in stabilizing and reinforcing asphalt binder. Fuel. 89(7):1616-1622

4.    Abiola, O., et.  Al. 2014.  Utilization of Natural Fiber as modifier in Bituminous Mixes: A Review. Construction and Building Materials. 54: 305-312

5.    Abtahi, S., et. al. 2014. Utilization of Natural Fiber as Modifier in bituminous mixes: A review. Construction and building material.. 54:: 305-312.

6.    Panda, N. 2010. Laboratory Investigations on stone matrix asphalt using Sisal Fiber for Indian roads. National Institute of Technology, Rourkela.

7.    Ministry of Road Transport and Highways. Government of India. Manual for Construction and Supervision of Bituminous Works. New Delhi; 2001.




Archana Singh, Rajeev Kumar, Rajkushal Sharma, Prabhat Singh Tomar, Rajendra Singh, Rohit Chugh

Paper Title:

Designing of Sewage Treatment Plant for Sitapura Area, Jaipur

Abstract:   Sewage water is the waste water carrying wastes removed from residences, institutions and industries. Waste water treatment is the process of removing contaminants from water so that it can be disposed safely or can be reused for other purposes. Waste water contains 99.9% water so it can be good source of water after its treatment or it can be disposed safely in rivers or it can be used for irrigation purpose. It can also be used for fish ponds, for cleaning purposes and others. But problem is that a small percentage of waste water is treated and most part of the waste water remains untreated and is disposed in river without treatment. It contaminates our rivers. So there is a great need to treat waste water. This study is based on the designing of sewage treatment plant for Sitapura area, Jaipur.

Wastewater, treatment system, Reuse, Sewage, TSS


1.       IS: 6280-1971 code is used for screens.
2.       IS: 1597(part1&2)-19675 is used for grit removal.

3.       IS-10261-1982 for waste water in sedimentation tank.

4.       IS-10313-1982 for water treatment plant in sedimentation tank and also use for secondary settling tank.

5.       IS-8413 (part-1) 1977 is used for trickling filter

6.       IS-8413 (part-2)-1982 is used for aeration tank.

7.       Disposal standard of cpcb for quality of treated waste water.

8.       Arceivala, Soli J. Waste water treatment for Pollution Control, Tata Me Graw – Hill, New Delhi,1986.

9.       American Society of Civil Engineers and The Water Pollution Control Federation. Sewage Treatment Plant design, New York, 1959.

10.    Central Public Health and Environmental Engineering Organisation, Ministry of Urban Development. Manual on Sewerage and Sewage Treatment, New Delhi, 1993.

11.    Garg, S. K. Sewage disposal and Air pollution Engineering, Khanna Publishers, Delhi, 1996.

12.    Junna, J. and Rintala, J. (1990) Evaluation of purification efficiency of activated sludge treatment plants for pulp and paper industry waste waters in Finland, Water Science and Technology, 22. 199-206.




Prameshwar Suthar, Shubham Kumar Sahu, Tarun Parihar, Suman Meena

Paper Title:

Surface Water Analysis and Management of Water at Pushkar and Mansagar Lake

Abstract: Water is one of the most important source in this world, but as per today’s scenario it’s quality and quantity decreasing day by day due to increase in pollution and population [1]. In Jaipur 90% of water comes from ground water sources and only 10% of water comes from surface water sources [2]. But from last 10 years ground water table of Jaipur sinks 25 meters that’s why we need to think about some alternatives for future water resources in Jaipur [3]. Pushkar Lake situated in the pilgrim town of Pushkar has been the mainsource of livelihood for the residents of this town period of two decades. Most of the parameters of pushkar lake water were found to be slightly higher than the IS permissible limit(IS-10500:1991).  Pushkar lake is having dimensions of 1,11,500 sq.m. having depth of 6.70 m. Storage capacity of the lake with full reservoir level is thus 0.75 million cubic metres (mcm). The holy Sarowar is fed by surface run-off from various drainages of this valley. Sarowar water is fresh and potable so far as chemical constituents are concerned.

 pH, Turbidity, Hardness, Jaipur
















Sudhanshu Bhatt, Ramesh Dangi, Sagar Singh Rajput, Sanjay Kumar, Prashant Kapoor

Paper Title:

Impact on Properties of Concrete by Replacing Fine Aggregate with Mill Scale

Abstract:  During the manufacturing of steel in steel mills, iron oxides will form on the surface of the metal. These oxides, known as mill scale, occur during continuous casting, reheating and hot rolling operations. Mill scale is a important metallurgical raw material as it contains 65 to 70% iron. JSW Steel Ltd is a 7 Mpa integrated steel plant and generates 270 t of mill scale per day. Most of the materials of steel plant wastes are recycled through mould making in many countries. Because of its physical, chemical and mineralogical properties, it can also be used as a raw material in a process like moulding. The mill scale contains high amounts of Fe and low amounts of silica and alumina. Thus, recycling it through the moulding process helps in the saving of raw materials like iron ore and limestone. This paper presents initial findings of a study that investigates the potential for recycling steel mill scale in the sintering process. Mill scale was obtained from a firm located in Sitapura Industrial Area, Jaipur. As the particles were very flaky and greater than 4.75mm, the material was ground in Los Angeles machine for 500 revolutions at a speed of 33 revolutions per minute. The bulk density as determined by the IS: 2386 (Part III)-1963 method was found to be 5.6 g/cm3. Particle size distribution was done for mill scale.

  Sand replacement, Concrete, Mill Scale, Steel


1.       Conversion of Mill Scale Waste into Valuable Products via Carbothermic Reduction by Pradip, D. Vaidyanathan, P. C. Kapur and B. N. Singh,
2.       N. Gaballah, A. Zikry, M. Khalifa, A. Farag, N. El-Hussiny and M. Shalabi, “Production of Iron from Mill Scale Industrial Waste via Hydrogen,” Open Journal of Inorganic Non-metallic Materials, Vol. 3 No. 3, 2013, pp. 23-28.

3.       International Iron and Steel Institute, The Management of Steel Industry By-products and Waste, Committee on Environmental Affairs, Brussels, 1987, chapter 6

4.       Pradip, D. Vaidyanathan, P. C. Kapur and B. N. Singh, (1990). “Production and properties of alinite cements from steel plant wastes”. Cement and Concrete Research, Volume 20, Issue 1, January, Pages 15-24




Divya Vishnoi, Chandrakant Singariya, Damodar Sharma, Dinesh Tanon, Gopal Joshi

Paper Title:

Environmental Impact Assessment on Concrete Structure

Abstract:  Deterioration of cement concrete structures caused by simulated acid rain and air pollution (exhaust gases from the vehicles) and other environmental impacts. Before and after cement concrete specimens were exposed to exhaust gases of vehicle, the compressive strength under different environmental conditions in the hardened cement paste were measured. The results lead to the following conclusions: Due to effect of environment over the hardened concrete, CaO loss from the concrete and the reduction rate of strength increased with H+ and decreased with SO4 2- concentration in simulated acid rain .Generally the basic constituents of exhaust gases release by vehicle are NOx, PM2.5, VOCs, CO, SO2, air toxics etc. These compounds are important cause of acid rain. These acid rain causes change in mineral compounds of cement (hardened cement).  The original mineral compounds such as [Na K] AlSi3O8 and [Ca Na][SiAl]4O8 in the hardened cement paste are converted to CaSO42- H2O, CaAl2Si2O8 and Ca3Al6O12- CaSO4. And these are larger in volume so that the reaction with SO4 2- ions result in volume expansion and strength decrease. The CaO loss rate and the ratio of SO3 content to CaO content shows binary linear relation and reduce the rate of strength in hardened cement paste. Therefore the acid rain deteriorates the concrete specimen, due to both H+ dissolution and SO42- expansion. Different test have been performed over the test specimen to get the final result.

Acid rain, air pollution, compressive strength, deterioration


1.       Baedecker, P.A., Reddy, M.M., Reimann, K.J., Sciammarella, C.A., 1992. Effects of acidic deposition on the erosion of carbonate stone—experimental results from the United States National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP). Atmospheric Environment 26B (2), 147–158.
2.       Haneef, S.J., Johnson, J.B., Dickinson, C., Thompson, G.E., Wood, G.C., 1992. Effect of dry deposition of NOX and SO2 gaseous pollutants on the degradation of calcareous building stones. Atmospheric Environment 26A (16), 2963–2974.

3.       Reddy, M.M., Sherwood, S.I., Doe, B.R., 1986. Limestone and marble dissolution by acid rain: an onsite weathering experiment. In: Baboiam, R. (Ed.), Materials Degradation Caused by Acid Rain. ACS Symposium Series, Vol. 318. American Chemical Society, Washington.

4.       Kelly, E. & McCarthy, T.J. 2008. Sustainable Structural Design: Conceptual Design of Adaptable Commercial Buildings, Australasian Structural Engineering Conference (ASEC), Melbourne, Australia, 26-27 June 2008. Kestner, D. M. 2007. Sustainable Design, Structure Magazine, September.

5.       Lawson, B. 2000. Embodied energy of building materials, Environment Design Guide, PRO2, Melbourne. Norgate, T.E. & Rankin, W.J. 2002. The role of metals in sustainable development, The International Conference on the Sustainable Processing of Minerals, May.

6.       Palich, N., Day, M & Hes, D. 2011. Glossary of environmentally sustainable design. Environment Design Guide.

7.       Walker-Morison, A., Grant, T. & McAlister, S. 2007. The environmental impact of building materials. Environment Design Guide, Melbourne.

8.       Investigation of the effects of acid rain on the deterioration of cement concrete using accelerated tests

9.       Shaodong Xiea,*, Li Qia, Ding Zhou

10.    The Effect of Simulated Acid Rain on Plant Growth Component of Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) L. Walps  Bridget O. Odiyi* and Adekunle O. Eniola

11.    IS 10262: 2009, “Concrete mix proportioning – Guidelines”.

12.    IS 456: 2000, “Plain and reinforced concrete – code of practice”.




Rajesh Kumar Dhaker, Ayush Jha, Abhilash Gupta, Arpit Pareek, Anurag Varshney

Paper Title:

Traffic Volume Study of Sitapura, Jaipur

Abstract: Traffic Engineering uses engineering methods and proficiency to gain the safe and time efficient movement of people and goods on roadways. The safe and time efficient movement of the people and goods is dependent on Traffic flow, which is directly related to the traffic feature. The three main variable of a traffic flow are volume, speed and density. In the absence of effective construction and traffic management of the city, the current road and rail network cannot serve the future needs of the city. Pedestrian and vehicle volumes have increased seriously in the last decade due to the change of the economics of the middle-class families. For better understanding of the present status of traffic flow at the junction, traffic survey is conducted. Computation of Passenger Car Units (PCU’s) with the help of the data collection, an attempt had been made to understand the traffic patterns during various time periods. Traffic control at that junction is also dependent on the traffic flow attribute. Hence the outcome from the present study are obliging in controlling the traffic at the intersection and also in proposing some of the healing measures to improve the traffic safety in the region.  Now a day’s transportation is one of the most burning issues in every region of the world. Every country is approaching differently according to their requirements and solving their transportations problems within their ability. In designing buildings we need to determine loads coming to the structure to calculate reinforcement to be provided for safe execution of the structure. Here in transportation volume serves the same purpose. For planning, designing and operation of transportation system the first requirement is volume.

(PCU’s), Engineering, transportation system the first requirement is volume.


1.    Ramanayya, T.V. (1988), “Highway Capacity under Mixed Traffic Conditions”, Traffic Engineering and Control, Vol. 29, No. 5, United Kingdom, pp. 284- 300.
2.    Satyanarayana PVH, Durga Rani K, GopalaRaju SSSV, “Development of PCU factors and capacity norms at mid blocks of rural highways in Visakhapatnam”, Indian J. Edu. Inf. Manage.,Vol. 1, No.5(May2012), ISSN 2277–5374, pp.197-202.

3.    Chandra S., Kumar, V., and Sikdar, P.K. (1995), “Dynamic PCU and Estimation of Capacity of Urban Roads”, Indian Highways, Indian Road Congress, Vol. 23, No. 4, pp. 17 –

4.    Chandra, S. and Prasad, N.V. (2004), “Capacity of Multialne Urban Roads under Mixed TraffiC Conditions”, Highway Research Bulletin, Traffic Engg., Indian Road Congress, pp.97-103.

5.    Central Road Research Institute, (1988), “Capacity of Roads in Urban Areas”, Project Sponsored by Ministry of Surface Transport, Sept, 1988.




Devshanker Banerjee, Govind Kumar Pandey, Priya Mathur

Paper Title:

A Review Paper on Smart Healthcare

Abstract: Abstract:  Health is a fundamental need and it is human right to get quality Health Care. Our Nation is facing various types of issues and the most important issue is health issues due to availability of less resources. Due to time constrain people are not visiting hospitals, which leads to lot of health issues in one instant of time. This review paper presents the idea of solving health issues using SMART HEALTH CARE TECHNOLOGY. To an individual SMART health care means reduced medical errors, fewer repetitive tests, streamlined visits when a doctor is necessary and overall more holistic care, resulting in reduced medical costs and time. SMART HEALTH CARE combines and leverages smart systems within the home, hospital, patient, information exchange, and existing data with consideration to integrate into larger schematics.

Keywords: SMART HEALTH CARE, smart system


1. Indian Health Care Blog
2. A Himss Asia Pacific Exclusive Article
3. Occhiuzzi, C. Vallese, S. Amendola, S. Manzari, and G. Marrocco, “NIGHT-care: A passive RFID system for remote monitoring and control of overnight living environment,” Procedia Comput. Sci., vol. 32, pp. 190– 197, 2014
5. Jeroen Wals Philips Research ETP Conference.
6. Zankhana Mehul Kalarthi, A Review Paper On Smart Health Care System Using Internet Of Things Pg Student, Electronics and Communication, GTU, Gujarat, India.
7. Pulled from 2009 World Health Organization Health Profile.




Meenakshi Dixit, Mahima Gupta, Mohit Khandelwal, Jitendra Godra

Paper Title:

Stabilization of Dune Sand for the Purpose of Moisture Retention

Abstract: The deserts of Rajasthan consisting half the area of with desert soil which is windblown of fine sand and it is called as dune sand. The problem with dune sand is that it undergoes slip failure under the action of small loads. Dune sand is uniformly graded non-plastic fine sand [1]. It causes many geotechnical and structural problems. The problem with the dune sand is that they have very low supporting capacity and less stability. The study represents the problem associated with dune sand and the methods of improving it. The stabilization of dune sand is done by adding cement, bentonite and guar gum to reduce the permeability and improving geotechnical properties [2].

 dune sand, stability, slip failure, permeability


1.    G. R. Chowdhary, “Behavior of ring footings on dune sand”, Dissertation, Department Of Civil Engineering, University of Jodhpur, India
2.    N.K. Ameta and A. S. Wayal,  “Effect of Bentonite on permeability of dune sand”, Electronic Journal of Geotechnical Engineering (EJGE)

3.    Dr. Saad F.I. and AL-Abdullah,” An approach in improving the properties of sand dunes” Number 4 .Volume13 ,Journal of Engineering

4.    Indian Standard. “Methods of test for soils: Grain size analysis (IS: 2720, Part IV).” Bureau of Indian Standards

5.    Indian Standard. “Method for standard penetration test for soils (IS: 2131)” Bureau of Indian Standards

6.    Indian Standard. “Method of load test on soils (IS: I888).” Bureau of Indian Standards.




Vikas Sharma, Ritika Gupta, Saurabh Sharma, Sanjay Jangid, Mohit Singhal

Paper Title:

Speed and Delay Study “A Case from India Gate to B2 Bypass”

Abstract:  The movement of people and goods has largely been increased at a tremendous rate. The development of new highways and improvement of existing facilities have failed to keep dependent on the motor vehicle. In recent years, vehicular speed with the growth of motor-vehicle travel has also increased. The problem is especially acute in urban areas, where major highways lack needed capacity for handling the large movements of intra city travel. Here, in Jaipur many urban roads were constructed decades ago, when the present status of vehicular travel was inconvenient. Inadequate planning and improvement of these facilities have resulted in congestion and delays which are costly and irritable to the road users. This investigation is a part of a project design to estimate the effectiveness of traffic engineering applied to problems of traffic movement on the India gate to b2 bypass, Jaipur, Rajasthan. The principle motivation behind this examination is to distinguish the areas of deferrals on the sidestep, to decide the critical variables bringing on these postponements by utilizing Floating auto strategy, and to make proposals for enhancing the stream of activity. The movements of traffic on the highway can then be classified as well as modified accordingly. The most important factors in accounting for the variations in travel speeds for the sake of uninterrupted flow can be detected and a better road and roadside development can then be ensured. From theoretical studies, it can be inferred that vehicular delays at traffic signals are largely dependent on the signal design, volume, and the chance of whether or not stops occurred, but now these results may form the basis of recommendations for reducing delays on the bypass.

Speed and Delay Study, Floating Car Method, Traffic Congestion, Bypass Congestion.


1.    Hixon, C. D., “An Analysis of Urban Travel Times and Traffic Volume Characteristics,” Bulletin 303 Highway Research Board, 13. Horn, J. W., 1961.
2. lain.html


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R. S. Tiwari

Paper Title:

Higher Order Perturbation Correction to Ion-Acoustic KDV Solitons in Dusty Plasmas

Abstract: Higher order perturbation corrections to ion acoustic KdV solitons are investigated using Sagdeev potential approach in  a  dusty  plasma,  including  the  dynamics  of  charged  dust  grains. Energy equation for a pseudo particle is derived and retaining fourth-order nonlinearities of  electric  potential  in  the expansion of the Sagdeev potential and integrating the resulting energy equation, higher order perturbation correction to soliton solution are included. Expanding the Mach number (M) as M=1+λ in this solution and keeping terms up to first order in λ gives the KdV soliton solution and retaining terms up to order λ2, it reduces to dressed soliton solution. Extension in the Sagdeev potential approach to include non secular higher-order perturbation corrections to the KdV soliton description does not need a renormalization procedure. Variations of half width (W) at half maxima with the amplitude (A), and the product P=AW2 of the KdV, dressed and large amplitude soliton as a function of wide range of dust concentration are numerically studied for recently observed parameters of dusty plasmas and the results are summarized. 

Ion Accoustic Solitons, Sagdeev Potential, Renormalization Procedure, KdV solitons


1.       H. Washimi and T. Taniuti, Phys. Rev. Lett. 17 (1966) 996.
2.       R.J. Tailor, D.R. Baker and H. Ikezi, Phys. Rev. Lett 25 (1970) 11.

3.       H. Ikezi, Phys. Fluids. 6 (1973) 1668.

4.       G.O.Ludwig and J.H.Ferreira, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52 (1984) 275.

5.       S.G. Tagare, Plasma Physics 15 (1973) 1247.

6.       Y. Kato, M. Tajiri and T. Taniuti, Phys. Fluids 15 (1972) 865.

7.       F.D. Tappert, Phys. Fluids 15 (1972) 24465.

8.       H. Schamel. J. Plasma, Phys. 9 (1973) 377.

9.       M.Q. Tran and P.J. Hirt. Plasma Phys. 16 (1974) 617.

10.    Y. Kodama and T. Taniuti, J. Phys. Soc Jpn 45 (1978) 298.

11.    N. Sugimoto and T. Kakutani, J. Phys. Soc Jpn 43 (1977) 1469.

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Siddarth Sharma, Suraj Kumar Bhatt

Paper Title:

Utilization of Fly Ash by Partial Replacement of Cement in Concrete

Abstract:  This Research paper is a live study on the above mentioned title “Utilization of Fly Ash by Partial Replacement of cement in Concrete” In today’s world the main emphasis is on green and sustainable development. Presently large amount of fly ash is generated in thermal power plants as a waste material with an improper impact on environment and humans. Fly ash is difficult to decompose, so using fly ash is a major step towards sustainable development. Also, Cement industry is one of the major contributors to pollution by releasing carbon dioxide. So by partially replacing cement with pozzolanic material such as fly ash, the cement industry can serve both the purposes of meeting the demands of construction industry and at the same time providing a green and clean environment. This can not only improve the various properties of concrete – both in its fresh and hardened states, but also can contribute to economy in construction costs. This research work is to investigate the behaviour of concrete while replacing fly ash in different proportions. The cement has been replaced accordingly in the range of 0%, 15%, 25%, 29% & 50% by weight of cement. Concrete mixtures were produced, tested and compared in terms of compressive strength and split tensile strength as an alternative to traditional concrete. These tests were carried out to evaluate the mechanical properties for 14 & 28 days. The result indicates that fly ash improves concrete durability.

 Thermal industry waste, Fly Ash, Compressive Strength, Split Tensile Strength.


1.    Prof. Jayeshkumar Pitroda, “Experimental Investigation on Partial Replacement of Cement With Fly Ash in Design Mix Concrete”, International Journal of Advanced Engineering & Technology, Volume-03/Issue 04/ Oct.Dec., 2012/ 126-129.
2.    Tomas U.Ganiron Jr , “Analysis of Fly Ash Cement Concrete for Road Construction”, International Journal of

3.    Advanced Science And Technology, Volume 60, page no 33

4.    P.R.Wankhede, “Effect of Fly Ash on Properties of Concrete”, International Journal of Emerging Technology And Advanced Engineering, Volume 4, Issue 7 July 2014, Page no 284.

5.    M.Kalaivani,” Experimental Study on Strength of High Volume High Calcium Fly Ash Concrete”. IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE).2013 E-ISSN: 2278-1684, 5(4): 48-54.

6.    Palomo A.,”Alkaliactivated Fly Ashes: A Cement for the Future, Cement and Concrete Research”, 29, 1999pp 1323–1329.




Shuchi Tyagi, Raja Nagori, Priya Mathur

Paper Title:

Smart Learning in Present Education Scenario – Threats & Comfort

Abstract: This paper describes the potential and promising value of smart learning or smart environments on the emerging area of learning .This paper discusses the definition of smart education and presents a conceptual framework. The development of new technologies enables learners to learn more effectively, efficiently, flexibly and comfortably. Learners utilize smart devices to access digital resources (video-based) through wireless network and to immerse in both personalized and seamless learning. Smart education, a concept that describes learning in digital age, has gained increased attention. A structure of smart learning and key features of smart learning environments are proposed for further smart learners who need master knowledge and skills of the 21st century learning. The smart learning framework includes class-based differentiated instruction, group-based collaborative learning, individual-based personalized learning and mass-based generative learning.

Smart education, personalized learning, Smart learners, Smart learning environments, Smart computing










Mahesh Chand Saini, Mayank Sharma, Manoj Bhandari, Md. Nawazish Ali, B. Sagar

Paper Title:

Comparison study of Flash & Fire Point of Bio-Diesel Produced by Mustard and Soya Bean Oil

Abstract:  Consumption of fossil fuel is increasing day by day that results decrease in amount offossil fuels present on earth. After 30-40 years these sources are in danger of extinction so as to meet the requirement of human beings there is a need of using the alternative source of fuels. One of them whichcanuse as alternative fuel that is derived from the vegetable oils and fatty acids. It is a key source as an alternative fuel.The process of biodiesel production is completed by the trans-esterification process and it is the chemical reaction between oil and alcohol in the presence of catalyst which results separating bio-diesel and glycerine. The process is completed in 2-4 hours and also depends upon the type of vegetable oil. Properties of Bio-diesel are also depends on the used oil. This paper illustrates the comparison between Soya bean and mustard oil Bio-diesel which is followed by different parameter such as Flash & Fire Point. Various ratios of blends of Bio-diesel (5%, 10%, 15%and 20%) are taken.  Both edible and non-edible oil are used for producing the bio-diesel.

 Fossil fuels, Trans-esterification, Blends, Yield, Flash & Fire point


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Nitin Jain, Pulkit Batheja, Sama Jain

Paper Title:

Nanotechnology: A Smart Route Towards Smart City

Abstract: Nanomaterials are cornerstones of nanoscience and nanotechnology. Nanotechnology is an interdisciplinary area of research and founded many contributions in the field of development. The nanomaterials are so powerful. Just changing the size of a particle to nanoscale can change the property of the material and make it extraordinary. The technology used with revolutionized the manufacturing and making of many supercalifragilistic products. It has already represented a significant influence in the fields like medicinal, technological, biological etc. This paper illustrates the need for nano technology in modern era of development which facilitates the use of nano technology as a prerequisite for the development of modern engineering and technology.

Nano Electronics, Nano Materials, Nano Mechanics, Nano Photonics, Nano Technology.



3.    Prof. Abhinav V. Deshpande & Prof. Ram Meghe; Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology: Future Emerging Technology; International Journal of Advanced Research in Engineering and Technology (IJARET), ISSN 0976 –Volume 5, Issue 12, December (2014), pp. 41-47

4.    Prof. Sama Jain & Neeraj Jain; Transforming towards smart cities: Role of nanotechnology; SSRG International Journal of Civil Engineering (SSRG-IJCE) – volume 3 Issue 7 – July 2016; ISSN: 2348 – 8352; pp. 82-86

5.    Yatoo M. I., Saxena A., Malik M. H., Kumar M. K. and Dimri U.: Nanotechnology Based Drug Delivery at Cellular Level: A Review; J. Anim. Sci. Adv.,. 2014; 4(2): 705-709

6.    Anna Pratima Nikalje* Department of Pharmaceutical chemistry, Y.B. Chavan College of Pharmacy, Dr. Rafiq Zakaria Campus, Rauza Bagh, Aurangabad- 431001, Maharashtra, India: Nanotechnology and its Applications in Medicine




Rishabh Agarwal, Niraj Kumar, Sama Jain

Paper Title:

Nanotechnology: A Smart Vision for Future Computing

Abstract:  Nanotechnology is a new emerging field in science and engineering having endless applications in the real world. It is the technology whose future is not yet decided. The nanotechnology is a interdisciplinary field having its application in various field like applied science, Electronic, Mechanical, Chemical and field of quantum and many other areas. In recent years, nanotechnology has brought much advancement in current circumstances by its applications in the form of tiny materials called nanoparticles. In this review, authors are trying to highlight the role of nanotechnology in the development of computer science in present era from its evolution.

Nanotechnology, Electronic computing, mechanical computing, chemical and biochemical computing, quantum computing


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