Geological Exploration in the Cryolite Zone: Reducing Environmental Risks by Ensuring the Temperature Condition
Mikhail Vasilyevich Merkulov1, Rustam Juraev2, Elena FedorovnaShimorina3, Tatyana Vasilievna Borzova4, Sergey AlexandrovichAnanyev5

1Mikhail Vasilyevich Merkulov*, Russian State Social University, Moscow, Russia.
2Rustam Juraev, Navoi State Mining Institute, Republic of Uzbekistan.
3Elena FedorovnaShimorina, Russian State Social University, Moscow, Russia.
4Tatyana Vasilievna Borzova, Russian State Social University, Moscow, Russia.
5Sergey Alexandrovich Ananyev, Russian State Social University, Moscow, Russia.

Manuscript received on November 15, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 20 November, 2019. | Manuscript published on December 10, 2019. | PP: 3038-3045 | Volume-9 Issue-2, December 2019. | Retrieval Number: B7657129219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.B7657.129219
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Abstract: The article suggests one of the directions to solve the ecological problem of cryolite zone destruction during geological exploration. For the first time, the authors offer to use vortex tubes for this purpose. The technique is given and the results of experimental work on the use of a vortex tube to provide subzero temperatures of permafrost during drilling operations are considered. A scheme is proposed and mathematical modeling of the process is performed. As a result of the model study, the technological parameters ensuring the preservation of the cryolite zone are obtained. 
Keywords: Vortex Tube, Geological Exploration, Cryolite Zone, Permafrost, Ecology.
Scope of the Article: Data Management, Exploration, and Mining