Earthquake Resisting Techniques on A G+10 Storey Building with the Help of Shear Walls & Bracings, using Software
Shahzeb Khan1, Vishal Yadav2, Sandeep Singla3

1Shahzeb Khan*, B.Tech Degree in Civil Engineering from Punjab Technical University, Jalandhar, Pursuing M.Tech from RIMT University.
2Vishal Yadav, Assistant Professor In Department Of Civil Engineering Rimt University, Punjab India.
3Dr Sandeep Singla, Professor & Head in Department of Civil Engineering, RIMT University, Punjab, India.

Manuscript received on November 13, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 22 November, 2019. | Manuscript published on December 10, 2019. | PP: 1893-1897 | Volume-9 Issue-2, December 2019. | Retrieval Number: B7927129219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.B7927.129219
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Abstract: From the beginning of life on Earth it is evident that natural catastrophes cause a lot of destruction to human life and property. One of the major natural phenomena is the Earthquake. Sudden shaking of ground is a difficult challenge to any structure standing on earth. Due to Improper design of the structure without seismic resistance many buildings have collapsed and lives have lost during earthquakes. Different shapes & materials of buildings have been used to achieve the strength required to withstand the earthquake. In modern era, lots of seismic force resisting techniques are being used to make a structure/building earthquake resistant. These techniques include introducing Shear walls, Bracings, base isolation, column jacketing etc. to enhance the structure. In this paper, I present a Comparative analysis of earthquake resisting techniques on a G+10 story building with the help of different types of Shear walls & Bracings, using software. The comparison is done between: an un-Resisting structure, parallel shear walls, L-shaped shear wall, diagonal bracings, X-shaped bracings & V shaped bracings. The use of shear walls and bracings helps to strengthen then structure to make it more Earthquake resistant. The analysis in done on a G+10 building for seismic zone III as per IS 1893:2002 codal provisions. The software that I have used to carry out this analysis is Staad pro v8. It is found out that shear walls and bracing contribute largely in reducing the deflection by increasing the strength and stiffness of the building. The results of this project can further be used to enhance the seismic strength of buildings using combination of seismic resistance techniques. 
Keywords: Shear Walls, Bracings, Comparative analysis, High Rise Building, Earthquake resistant.
Scope of the Article: Earthquake Engineering