Energy Saving Opportunity in a Waste Water Treatment Plant
Deepika Sandhu1, Ruchi Pandey2
1Deepika Sandhu, PG Student, Department of Energy Technology, Gyan Ganga Institute of Technology & Sciences, Jabalpur (M.P), India.
2Prof. Ruchi Pandey, HOD, Department of Electrical & Electronics Engineering, Gyan Ganga Institute of Technology & Sciences, Jabalpur (M.P), India.
Manuscript received on 13 February 2014 | Revised Manuscript received on 20 February 2014 | Manuscript Published on 28 February 2014 | PP: 66-68 | Volume-3 Issue-9, February 2014 | Retrieval Number: I1481023914/14©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: About 90 per cent of sewage and 70 per cent of waste water including industrial and domestic domains in developing countries are discharged without treatment, often polluting the usable water supply and also causes massive harm to the marine life as well, for the very fact that the ultimate destination for all the water sources and streams is ultimately the sea. Although the sewage is 99% pure water, still the approximate 1% is harmful to a very large extent. While talking about the economics, a major part is dedicated to the machinery and installation costs, while a considerable portion is also inclined towards the energy costs. In a conventional waste water treatment plant, working on conventional activated sludge process, a portion of energy is spent in operation of the primary clarifiers. If the Extended Aeration process is followed, the energy spent in the operation of primary clarifiers will not be required and thus, without affecting much of the plant operation, for small establishments. A similar waste water treatment plant working on activated sludge process is in operation at an educational institution, namely Educational Institution in Jabalpur. Originally, the plant is working on Activated Sludge Process. Process modification has been suggested in the research work. Also, an aspect of environmental modeling has been highlighted.
Keywords: BOD(Biochemical Oxygen Demand),TSS(Total Suspended Solids), Activated Sludge Process, Extended Aeration Process, Process, Modification, Energy.
Scope of the Article: Process and Workflow Management