Augmentation of Compressive Strength of Bricks Made of Various Materials by Adding Molten Plastic Waste
Ashish Kumar Parashar

Ashish Kumar Parashar, Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of SoS, E&T, GGV, Central University, Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh., India.
Manuscript received on 09 August 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 17 August 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 August 2019 | PP: 3249-3254 | Volume-8 Issue-10, August 2019 | Retrieval Number: J11820881019/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.J1182.0881019
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Abstract: Today, the world is facing a huge threat due to solid wastes. The most dangerous material identified, among all types of waste is, Plastic. From UN report, every year the globe uses 500 billion plastic bags while, half of the plastic utilized is of single use only. In India, 70 percent of total plastic used is discarded as a waste. Around, 9.47 million tonnes per annum (TPA) of plastic waste is generated in the country, which is about 25940 tonnes per day (TPD). The 70 percent of the world’s plastic mass eventually sinks in ocean, damaging life on the seabed. Considering the present state of affairs worldwide, the recent research is focused on, how the waste material like plastic can be utilized, for making bricks and enhanced its compressive strength. Thus the ultimate goal of this study is, to create a positive social, economic and environmental impact, using molten plastic waste, while also remaining profitable and viable as business. An attempt was made to study the characteristics of bricks made of Sand, Moorum, Quarry dust and Iron chips with varying volume of Plastic as 20%, 25%, 30% and 35%. A step by step procedure is adopted to perform various Indian Standard code recommended important tests on the above stated plastic bricks (varying percentage). The compressive strength and water absorption capacity of bricks made with above stated % of plastic was determined. The study concludes and highlighting the fact that, the bricks having 30% plastic with 70% Moorum gives maximum compressive strength and for bricks 35% of plastic with 65% Sand give minimum compressive strength in 7 days. The study also indicates that, as the percentage of plastic increases, water absorption capacity of bricks decreases. The bricks made from plastic were susceptible against temperature so it used for construction in the cold region.
Index Terms: Plastic Waste, Sand, Quarry Dust, Iron Chips
Compressive Strength, Water Absorption, Environmental Issue.

Scope of the Article: Civil and Environmental Engineering