Sustainable Cocoa Farming Strategies in Overcoming the Impact of Climate Change Through SEM PLS 2
Idawati1, Anna Fatchiya2, Dafit Ariyanto3
1Idawati, Faculty of Agriculture, Andi Djemma University, Palopo, Indonesia.
2Anna Fatchiya, Faculty of Human Ecology, IPB University, Indonesia.
3Dafit Ariyanto, Agricultural Faculty, Asahan University, Sumatera Utara, Kisaran, Indonesia.
Manuscript received on October 13, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 23 October, 2019. | Manuscript published on November 10, 2019. | PP: 291-297 | Volume-9 Issue-1, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: A4024119119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.A4024.119119
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Most cocoa plantations have undergone changes and sustained damage due to climate change. The objectives of the present study were to identify sustainable cocoa farming strategies in the effort to overcome climate change effects in regencies; and to analyze sustainable business strategies in overcoming the effects of climate change; This study was conducted from June to August 2018 in Luwu and North Luwu Regencies, South Sulawesi Province. Data collection was carried out through interviews with 282 farmers and interviews conducted on five key informants. Descriptive statistical analysis was conducted in the form of a frequency distribution table using Excel program and SPSS version 24. Model implementation strategies in overcoming climate change effects were designed based on the SEM PLS 2. The results revealed that the effort to overcome climate change effects in the development of the cocoa agribusiness and the farmers’ social relationships were high, while preservation of environmental conditions was in the low category. Conclusion : Sustainable cocoa farming strategies in the effort to overcome climate change effects consisted of adaptation climate accompaniment extension strategies, increasing government support strategies, and farmer character improvement strategies in overcoming climate change effects.
Keywords: Climate Change, Cocoa, Farmer
Scope of the Article: Sustainable Structures