Migration from Traditional Village to Group Settlement Area: AN Analysis of Felda Experience
Zulkifli Mohamad1, Nazri Muslim2, Wan Zulkifli Wan Hassan3, Azizi Umar4, Maharam Mamat5
1Zulkifli Mohamad Pusat Citra, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia.
2Nazri Muslim Pusat Citra, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia.
3Wan Zulkifli Wan Hassan Pusat Citra, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia.
4Azizi Umar Pusat Citra, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia.
5Maharam Mamat Pusat Citra, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia.
Manuscript received on October 12, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 23 October, 2019. | Manuscript published on November 10, 2019. | PP: 729-736 | Volume-9 Issue-1, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: A4214119119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.A4214.119119
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: At the time the country gained independence, most Malays were still living in traditional village and in poverty. In order to overcome this problem, the government had introduced a form of well-planned migration. This migration was established with specific goals such as offering land to people without one, eradicating poverty, eliminating communist’s hide-outs and boosting country’s economic growth. By allocating some amount of fund, the government cleared-up forest land and provided basic facilities such as houses, roads, worshipping places and schools. This well-planned migration was top-down, locating only qualified migrants through process of interview. In order for this migration to be successful, the government introduced the motto best land for the best people. The first settlement of this agricultural migration is in Lurah Bilut, Bentong Pahang. A total of 616 migrants of all races and religions, from all over the country were located in FELDA of Lurah Bilut. The programme was then expanded to the whole country following its success. After 50 years of operation, there are now 317 settlements, dwelt by 112,653 families. FELDA agricultural migration programme is the only well-planned and most successful in the world. Currently, in average, participants of settlement enjoy higher standard of living than before, whereas their children benefit from highest education standard.
Keywords: FELDA, Malaysia, Migration, Group Settlement, land
Scope of the Article: Predictive Analysis