Construction Technology of Namghar of Assam, India
Puspanjali Hazarika, PhD Research Scholar, Department of Assamese , Dibruhgarh University.
Manuscript received on October 17, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 24 October, 2019. | Manuscript published on November 10, 2019. | PP: 1905-1908 | Volume-9 Issue-1, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: A4412119119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.A4412.119119
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Namghar is the identity of the Assamese Community. Namghar tried to make unity among people. It is a part and parcel of the Ek Xaran Nava Vaishnava religion promoted by Srimanta Sankardeva. Sankardeva tried to establish a powerful community by eliminating all the differences regarding cast and creed and distributing the light of education among the people at a time when Assam had faced a pathetic condition on religion. Namghar and Satra’s were established aiming at promoting literature, music, dance, drama, sculpture, and architecture along with promoting religion. According to prominent scholar Dr. Maheswar Neog, Nam, Deva, Guru, and Bhakat are the base of Nava-vaishnava religion. The bhakats from the rural areas follow their life along with serving the God and the Guru. They were able to promote the Nava- Vaishnava religion among the people while living a strict spiritual life. Therefore to Nurture Vhaisnav’s culture and worship the God Namghar was established. The impact of the rules and regulation followed in the Namghar have certain impacts on the villages all over Assam. Different festivals are celebrated in Assamese society. In the same way, there are different festivals that are celebrated in the Namghar. They were originated with the root relating to Navavahsinava religion. For example- Tithi of Sankardeva and Madhavdeva, Ankiya Nat, Rash, Janmastami, Fakuwa, Pal Nam, Bar Sabah, Gokhai Bihu are Celebrated in the namghar. And namghar plays a vital role in Assamese social life from various perspective. These include- establishing equality and promoting dignity to everyone, Acting as a village parliament, solving dispute, centre for planning and reform, preserving ethnic culture, etc. Besides it works as a forum for shelter during different hazards. From the constructional point of view, it is a very unique method used, which is traditionally dispatched among the Assamese community. This paper tried to discuss various technology and constructional system of Namghar.
Keywords: Technology, Nmaghar, Assam, Architecture, Sankardeva, Monikut. Society. Lay-Out.
Scope of the Article: Construction Engineering