Compaction Behaviour and Grain Size Alteration of Sand -Clay Mix
Bidula Bose

Bidula Bose, Assistant Prof., ITER, SOA University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
Manuscript received on October 12, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 22 October, 2019. | Manuscript published on November 10, 2019. | PP: 4106-4110 | Volume-9 Issue-1, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: A4451119119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.A4451.119119
Open Access | Ethics and Policies | Cite | Mendeley | Indexing and Abstracting
© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (

Abstract: Sand-bentonite mix is commonly used as liner material or backfill material in landfill sites. Bentonite belonging to group of montmorillionite clay provides higher density and less void ratio to lessen permeability of liner layer mixed with sand. This mix is inevitable and economical where soil nearby landfill site have sandy soil .Many literatures provided geotechnical aspects of using this mix.In this present study, the grain size distribution analysis and compaction of sand–bentonite mixture for 10%,20% and 30% bentonite mix is studied to propose economic and less permeable liner material with lower shrinkage. Locally available sand from different river , Odisha (India) was mixed with different proportions of commercial sodium bentonite. The following research output presented here elaborately show the effect of clay particle on compaction, Relative Density, Coefficient of uniformity, Coefficient of curvature, permeability by gradually adding commercial Sodium Bentonite 10% by weight upto 30%. The result show that there is a significant improvement in MDD and OMC of Sand-Bentonite mix along with decrease in void ratio. The grain size alteration eventually helped to increase the dry density and reduced void ratio will enhance the scope of this mix to be used as liner layer in landfill system.
Keywords: Bentonite, Compaction, Index Properties, Relative Density, Sand
Scope of the Article: Behaviour of Structures