Factors Influencing the Entrepreneurial Capacity of Young Farmers for Farmer Succession
Oeng Anwarudin1, Sumardjo Sumardjo2, Arif Satria3, Anna Fatchiya4
1Oeng Anwarudin, Department of Agriculture, Manokwari Agricultural Development Polytechnic, Manokwari, West Papua, Indonesia.
2Sumardjo Sumardjo*, Department of Communication Science and Community Development, Faculty of Human Ecology, IPB University, Bogor, West Java, Indonesia.
3Arif Satria, Department of Communication Science and Community Development, Faculty of Human Ecology, IPB University, Bogor, West Java, Indonesia.
4Anna Fatchiya, Department of Communication Science and Community Development, Faculty of Human Ecology, IPB University, Bogor, West Java, Indonesia.
Manuscript received on October 18, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 25 October, 2019. | Manuscript published on November 10, 2019. | PP: 1008-1014 | Volume-9 Issue-1, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: A4611119119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.A4611.119119
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The entrepreneurial capacity of young farmers is an important indicator for realizing farmer succession. The research aimed to analysis descriptively entrepreneurial capacity and the factors influencing the entrepreneurial capacity of young farmers. The study was conducted in Cianjur and Majalengka Regencies, West Java, Indonesia. The study population was young farmers in Cianjur and Majalengka Regencies. A sample of 220 people consisted of 110 farmers in Cianjur and 110 farmers in Majalengka. Samples were selected using a cluster random sampling technique. Data were collected by interview using a questionnaire. Research variables consisted of individual characteristics (X1 ), access to information and communication technology (X2 ), external support (X3 ), the role of agricultural instructors (X4 ), and entrepreneurial capacity (Y). Data analysis techniques used were descriptive statistical techniques and multiple regression. The results of the study concluded that youth entrepreneurship capacity mostly belonged medium classification. Majority of young farmers had junior and senior high school education, the average length time of business was 5.8 years, majority of farmers had never attended training, had high and easy access to information and communication technology, perceptions and motivations was mostly classified as medium. The entrepreneurial capacity of young farmers was influenced by education, motivation, access to information and communication technology, external factors and the role of agricultural extension agents.
Keywords: Entrepreneurial Capacity, Young Farmers, Community.
Scope of the Article: Communication