Design of Microcontroller Based Cost Effective Portable Detection Circuit for Pesticide Recognition
Deepika Jain1, Bikram Pal Kaur2, Ruchi Pasricha3
1Deepika Jain* , Research Scholar, Department of Electronics Engineering, IKGPTU Jalandhar, Mandi Dabwali, India.
2Dr. Bikram Pal Kaur, Prof. IT, CEC Landran, Mohali, India.
3Dr. Ruchi Pasricha, Prof. and Dean Research, CGC Landran, Mohali, India.
Manuscript received on October 12, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 21 October, 2019. | Manuscript published on November 10, 2019. | PP: 2228-2232 | Volume-9 Issue-1, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: A4793119119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.A4793.119119
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Abstract: Excessive use of pesticides for better agricultural productivity poses serious threats to human health. Depending upon the duration and dose of exposure, deleterious effects may be intense or moderate, which may be one of the root causes of several diseases such as diabetes, asthma, cancer, cardiac attack, fertility defects etc. Inhibition of an acetylcholinesterase enzyme activity is commonly associated with pesticide exposure and as a result acetylcholine levels are elevated in blood of an exposed person. Common tools for detection of pesticide exposure measure an enzyme activity for acetylcholinesterase (ACHE), an important enzyme that regulates the neuro transmission functions in the human body. Proposed work includes an electronic design and simulation of microcontroller based portable detection circuit using electrochemical amperometric instrumentation for measurement of an acetylcholinesterase concentration in human blood. Handheld detection circuit consists of AT89C51 microcontroller, Analog to digital converter ADC0804 and Liquid Crystal Display Module LM016L.To program the microcontroller, Embedded C is used, due to their inherent characteristics of adaptability and portability across a wide assortment of hardware platforms. The developed detection circuit for biomonitoring of pesticides is cheap, flexible and covers wide range as compared to commercially available ones.
Keywords: Amperometric, Analog to Digital Converter, Biosensor, Liquid Crystal Display, Pesticides.
Scope of the Article: Bio-Science and Bio-Technology