Modeling and Research of the Controllability of Wheeled Tractors
B.M. Azimov1, L.F. Sulyukova2, M.B. Azimov3
1B.M. Azimov, Scientific and Innovation Center of Information and Communication Technologies under IT University, Tashkent, Uzbekistan.
2Mrs. L.F. Sulyukova*, Scientific and Innovation Center of Information and Communication Technologies Under IT University, Tashkent, Uzbekistan. Email:
3M.B. Azimov, Scientific and Innovation Center of Information and Communication Technologies under IT University, Tashkent, Uzbekistan.
Manuscript received on October 10, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 21 October, 2019. | Manuscript published on November 10, 2019. | PP: 2344-2351 | Volume-9 Issue-1, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: A5246119119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.A5246.119119
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: In this paper we considered the issues of controllability and stability of wheeled tractors on the slopes with the help of mathematical modeling and optimal control. The well-known methods of modeling and research for improving the stability of the tractor do not allow solving the problem of stable motion of the tractor on the slopes, as they do not provide sufficient correction of the moving direction, which depends on the character of external disturbances. The application of modern optimal control methods allows to investigate this problem at the design phase of the machine with using mathematical models. To solve the problem, we created the equations of motion of a wheeled tractor using the Lagrange equations of the second kind. On the basis of the equations of motion we developed models and algorithms for optimal control of a wheeled tractor. The necessary conditions for optimal control of the motion using the Pontryagin maximum principle were investigated. With the help of auxiliary functions of Hamilton-Pontryagin, we have determined the coefficients of stiffness and viscous resistance of wheel tractor tires. The boundary value problem of the maximum principle to determine the transient process motion of the tractor is formulated and on its basis the equations of horizontal and vertical oscillations of the tractor were solved at an uneven distribution of mass between the front and rear driven wheels and the coefficient of adhesion of the wheels and the lateral slip of the tractor in turning were calculated. Keywords: wheeled tractor, modeling, optimal control, wheel adhesion, lateral slip.
Keywords: Wheeled Tractor, Modeling, Optimal Control, Wheel Adhesion, Lateral Slip.
Scope of the Article: Operational Research