Numerical Simulation of the Overtopping-Ramp Design of a Multistage Overtopping Wave Energy Breakwater Hybrid Device
M. A. Mustapa1, O. B. Yaakob2, Yasser M. Ahmed3
1M. A. Mustapa, Marine Engineering Technology, Universiti Kuala Lumpur, Malaysian Institute of Marine Engineering Technology, Lumut, Perak.
2O. B. Yaakob, Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia/ Marine Technology Center, Skudai, Malaysia.
3Yasser M. Ahmed, Faculty of Engineering, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt
Manuscript received on October 10, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 27 October, 2019. | Manuscript published on November 10, 2019. | PP: 4902-4911 | Volume-9 Issue-1, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: A8113119119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.A8113.119119
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: One type of wave energy converter is based on the overtopping concept. An example of such device is the multi-reservoir Sea Slot-Cone Generator (SSG) which is based on a simple flat breakwater ramp design. Although it is capable of functioning as both a wave-breaker and wave energy harvester, the SSG still suffers from low performance with 38 percent hydraulic efficiency. This paper presents a numerical study to further improve the performance. The present research work considers the use of convex, concave, V-shape and bridge V-shapes front ramp designs. The overtopping phenomena were simulated using Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) software known as Flow3D. The results are presented in the form of mean overtopping discharge and expected power output for each of the three reservoirs. At the end of the study, the final results showed that the highest potential power output is given by the V-Shapes design with 67 percent (56.9 kW) improvement compared to current existing SSG device, which recorded (34.1 kW) at the wave height of 2.80 meters and a wave period of 9.3 seconds.
Keywords: Ocean Energy, Marine Renewable Energy, Wave Energy Converter, Overtopping Device, Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD)
Scope of the Article: Renewable Energy