Optimized IDN-FOPD Controller based AGC Loop of a Wind-Solar-Thermal Interconnected Power System with HES and IPFC Units
SV. Suresh Babu1, K. Shanmukha Sundar2

1V. Suresh Babu, Assistant Director, National Power Training Institute /PSTI, Ministry of Power, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
2K. Shanmukha Sundar, Professor & Head, Department of EEE, Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Manuscript received on October 17, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 24 October, 2019. | Manuscript published on November 10, 2019. | PP: 2937-2945 | Volume-9 Issue-1, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: A9112119119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.A9112.119119
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: The current scenario of this version focuses on automatic generation control (AGC) exploration to a practical power system incorporating a versatile mixture of two-area generating multi-source units under a deregulated format. Each and every area will have two generating and distribution companies termed as Gencos and Discos. In Gencos, area-1 is a combination of wind energy power plant along with a thermal unit while area-2 is a solar power plant and thermal unit. In this research, the thermal plants are well thought-out with reheat tandem compound steam turbine rather than steam turbine dynamic representation constraint is believed to be expected. In this examination, another ID comprises filter with Fractional Order Proportional Derivative (IDN-FOPD) controller is prearranged and carry out for the AGC scheme. The control limits of the IDN-FOPD controller refrained using Lightning Search Algorithm (LSA) and its demonstration is dissimilarity and PI and Fractional Order Proportional Integral Derivative (FOPID) based controllers. Further to improve AGC execution, Hydrogen Energy Storage (HES) is included into its control area and Interline Power Flow Controller (IPFC) is integrated to dealt with Tie line. Simulated results demonstrate that the LSA tuned IDN-FOPD controller progress the vibrant yield reaction of the test system as far as less summit deviation, tie-line power oscillations and settling time of area frequencies in a variety of interactions of the deregulated power system. The implementation of HES and IPFC units successfully detain the initial descend in reappearance just as the tie line divergences in power while an unexpected burden upsetting influence. Subsequently, the coordinated activity of HES-IPFC units in the AGC circle could perk up the system implementation.
Keywords: Automatic Generation Control, Hydrogen Energy Storage, IDN-FOPD controller, IPFC, Search Algorithm.
Scope of the Article: Thermal Engineering