On Methods to Legal Regulation of Artificial Intelligence in the World
Zarina I. Khisamova1, Ildar R. Begishev2, Ramil R. Gaifutdinov3
1Zarina I. Khisamova*, Ph.D. in Law, Head, Department of Planning and Coordination of Research Activities, Research Department, Krasnodar University of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation.
2Ildar R. Begishev – Ph.D. in Law, Honored Lawyer of the Republic of Tatarstan, Senior Researcher, Kazan Innovative University named after VG Timiryasov (IEML)
3Ramil R. Gaifutdinov – Ph.D. in Law, Kazan Federal University, Faculty of Law, Criminal law Department.
Manuscript received on October 12, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 22 October, 2019. | Manuscript published on November 10, 2019. | PP: 5159-5162 | Volume-9 Issue-1, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: A9220119119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.A9220.119119
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: In the modern digital age, the issues of using artificial intelligence and the field of development of intelligent technologies are extremely important and relevant. Over the past few years, there have been attempts of state regulation of artificial intelligence, both in Russia and in other countries of the world. Artificial intelligence poses new challenges to various areas of law: from patent to criminal law, from privacy to antitrust law. Among the current approaches, the most optimal is the creation of a separate legal regulation mechanism that creates a clear distinction between areas of responsibility of developers and users of systems with artificial intelligence and the technology itself. Today, the development of the legal framework for the existence of artificial intelligence can be conditionally divided into two approaches: the creation of a legal framework for the introduction of applied systems with artificial intelligence and stimulate their development; regulation of the sphere of creating artificial “super intelligence”, in particular, compliance of the developed technologies with generally recognized standards in the field of ethics and law. A separate area should be the introduction of uniform ethical principles for all developers and users of systems with artificial intelligence. The most optimal in this aspect is the approach implemented within the framework of the Asilomar principles. In these circumstances, the appeal to the problem of legal regulation of artificial intelligence is becoming more relevant than ever. This paper presents the results of a detailed analysis of existing approaches to the legal regulation of artificial intelligence.
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, Robot, Intellectual Technologies, Digital Economy; Machine Learning; Technological Singularity, Superintelligence, Legal Regulation, Information law, law; Legislation, Asilomar Principles.
Scope of the Article: Artificial Intelligence