Performance of Building with Basements Under Seismic Excitation Considering Soil Structure Interaction
Abdullah Lala1, Toshif Patel2, Ravi Karkar3, Jigar Sevalia4

1Abdullah Lala*, Department of Civil Engineering, Sarvajanik College of Engineering and Technology Surat, India. 
2Toshif Patel, Engineer, Varjlal V. Ambaliya Structural Engineer and Consultant, Surat, India. 
3Ravi Karkar, Engineer, Varjlal V. Ambaliya Structural Engineer and Consultant, Surat, India.
4Dr. Jigar Sevalia, Professor & Head, Department of Civil Engineering, Sarvajanik college of Engineering and Technology Surat, India. 
Manuscript received on January 10, 2021. | Revised Manuscript received on January 20, 2021. | Manuscript published on January 30, 2021. | PP: 7-27 | Volume-11, Issue-1, November 2021 | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijitee.A95851111121 | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.A9585.1111121
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Abstract: In modern construction, there is a trend to go deeper below the grade level in terms of basements which can be utilized for parking, shopping malls or a combination of both. In such cases, dynamic soil properties have a significant effect of activating dynamic soil structure interaction phenomenon during earthquake. Here in present study an effort is made to study the behavior of a building by varying five and three number of basements considering dynamic soil structure interaction. Issues like influence zone to be considered for dynamic soil structure interaction, behavior of building with basements under different water level conditions for two different types of layered soil and their comparison with fixed based structure for a real-life structure is dealt with. It is observed that dynamic soil structure interaction can significantly change the behavior and also the failure pattern of the building and hence it is recommended to perform dynamic soil structure interaction for building with multiple basements.
Keywords: Basements, Dynamic soil structure interaction, layered soil, multiple underground stories, Nonlinear direct integration time history.