Hybrid Photovoltaic-Thermo Electrical Power Generation for Water Pumps
Neel Kamal1, D.K.P. Singh2

1Neel Kamal, Department of Electrical & Electronics Engineering, Vivekanand Institute of Technology & Science, Ghaziabad, U.P. India.
2Dr. Singh D.K.P., Department of Electrical & Electronics Engineering, A.I.M.T. Greater Noida, U.P. India.

Manuscript received on 09 January 2013 | Revised Manuscript received on 18 January 2013 | Manuscript Published on 30 January 2013 | PP: 93-96 | Volume-2 Issue-2, January 2013 | Retrieval Number: B0385012213 /2013©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: Water is a basic need of human beings along with food and air. There is a large escalation of demand for fresh water because of the rapid industrial growth and explosion of population all over the world. Thus, it has become pertinent to do further research in this field to improve the sea water desalination process. The separation of salts from seawater requires significant amounts of energy. When the energy is produced from fossil fuels, this approach can harm the environment, and as desalination requires significant energy, this in turn is costly. Therefore, there is a need to employ environmentally-friendly and affordable energy sources, specifically renewable energy, in order to desalinate seawater. Renewable energy comes from natural resources such as sunlight, wind, rain, tides, and geothermal heat, which are naturally replenished. Renewable energy can be used for seawater desalination. Photovoltaic water pumping applications are one of the most common uses of PV power throughout the world, with thousands of solar-powered water pumps installed both in industrialized and developing nations. Hybridization of PV with Thermoelectric modules can increase the overall efficiency of the solar energy conversion system by keeping the temperature constant within limits. For enhanced control of water pumps vector control of motor/pump is used which can work satisfactorily with non-constant power output of Photovoltaic-TE Hybrids with super capacitors or energy storage support. This paper is an attempt to explore the efficient mean of water pumping through augmentation of thermoelectric conversion to increase overall efficiency of PV array for pump operation of sea water desalination. The study of thermoelectric is done to illustrate its usefulness in hybrid model of PV and thermoelectric modules. Model of hybrid combination of Thermoelectric – PV array have been developed and simulation results are also presented in this paper.
Keywords: Hybridization, PV array, TE Generator, Sea water desalination

Scope of the Article: Renewable Energy Technology