High – Birefringent Nanowire Embedded Photonic Crystal Fiber for Optical Switching
Kanimozhi P1, Manimegalai.A2
1Kanimozhi P, Department of ECE, ME C&C, Ganadipathy Tulsi’s Jain Engineering College Anna University, Vellore (Tamil Nadu), India.
2Manimegalai A, Assistant Professor Head, Department of ECE, ME C&C, Ganadipathy Tulsi’s Jain Engineering College Anna University, Vellore (Tamil Nadu), India.
Manuscript received on 10 July 2013 | Revised Manuscript received on 18 July 2013 | Manuscript Published on 30 July 2013 | PP: 125-127 | Volume-3 Issue-2, July 2013 | Retrieval Number: B0987073213/13©BEIESP
Open Access | Editorial and Publishing Policies | Cite | Mendeley | Indexing and Abstracting
© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: We design a novel waveguide structure of sub-wavelength core diameter called photonic nanowire (PN) and study the different optical properties, namely, dispersion, birefringence and nonlinearity. We design a PN with elliptical core that exhibits a very high birefringence of about ≈0.037049, 0.068264, 0.190803, dispersion of about ≈ 1850, 2300 and 3250 ps/(nm km) and nonlinearity of about ≈ 606,467 and 294 W-1m-1at 0.850,1.06 and1.55 μm wavelengths respectively and with circular air-holes located in the cladding. This property would highly useful for switching, sensing, etc.
Keywords: Photonic Crystal Fiber, Photonic Nanowire, Birefringence, Finite Element Method.
Scope of the Article: Embedded Networks