Performance Evaluation of Phosphorous Removal by Coagulation using Natural Coagulants
S. Rajesh1, P. Saravanan2, S. Pauline3, R. Premkumar4
1S. Rajesh, Department of Civil Engineering, Kalasalingam Academy Research & Higher Education, Krishnankoil (Tamil Nadu), India.
2P. Saravanan, Department of Civil Engineering, ACCET Karaikudi (Tamil Nadu), India.
3S. Pauline, Department of Civil Engineering, ACCET Karaikudi (Tamil Nadu), India.
4R. Premkumar, Department of Civil Engineering, Kalasalingam Academy Research & Higher Education, Krishnankoil (Tamil Nadu), India.
Manuscript received on 01 December 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 13 December 2019 | Manuscript Published on 30 December 2019 | PP: 106-109 | Volume-9 Issue-2S2 December 2019 | Retrieval Number: B10251292S219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.B1025.1292S219
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open-access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Phosphorous is one of the major nutrients contributing the increased eutrophication of lakes and natural waters. The concentration of phosphorus in domestic sewage is generally adequate to support aerobic biological wastewater treatment. Coagulation and flocculation processes can also to remove phosphorous from industrial wastewater.In this experimental study, an attempt is made to feasibility of natural coagulants like Cassia Alata, Calotropis Procera, Hyacinth bean, Banana leaves, Carcia Papaya, Acacia mearnsii, Jatropha Curcas, Cactus and Tamarind seeds on the decrease of Phosphorous from Industrial wastewater. The batch coagulation test was done to optimum graph was plotted between the removal efficiency all the chose coagulated. From the optimum trails, that the rate of phosphorous removal is more for hyacinth bean with a level of 75, trailed by casuarinas leaves with 74% and Banana leaves with 73%. Tamarind seed demonstrates the least Phosphorous expulsion from the wastewater with 56%. From the optimum trails, the Hyacinth bean can be utilized as a successful coagulant for the expulsion of phosphorus from the wastewater. In the optimum trails coagulation studies were carried out to investigate the factor like optimum dosage, pH, initial concentration of Phosphorous, Mixing time and the settling time which influences the removal of phosphorous by coagulation process. From the study, it might be inferred that the maximum percentage removal of phosphorous was acquired for the coagulant measurement of, pH of 8, the initial phosphorous concentration of, mixing time of and settling time of 45 minutes. It might be presumed that the Phosphorous removal from the industrial wastewater of 95% was conceivable when we kept up the optimum condition by the coagulation procedure.
Keywords: Effective Coagulant, Industrial Waste Water, Natural Coagulant, Phosphorous Removal.
Scope of the Article: High Performance Concrete