Creation and Instigation of Triphone based Big-Lexicon Speaker-Independent Continuous Speech Recognition Framework for Kannada Language
Praveen Kumar P S1, H S Jayanna2

1Praveen Kumar P S, Research Scholar, Ph.D, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Siddaganaga Institute of Technology, Tumkur (Karnataka), India.

2Dr. H S Jayanna, Professor and Head, Department of Information Science and Engineering, Siddaganaga Institute of Technology, Tumkur (Karnataka), India.

Manuscript received on 03 December 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 11 December 2019 | Manuscript Published on 31 December 2019 | PP: 152-158 | Volume-9 Issue-2S December 2019 | Retrieval Number: B10901292S19/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.B1090.1292S19

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Abstract: This paper proposes a framework that is intended to do the comparably accurate recognition of speech and in precise, continuous speech recognition (CSR) based on triphone modelling for Kannada dialect. For designing the proposed framework, the features from the speech data are obtained from the well-known feature extraction technique Mel-frequency cepstral coefficients (MFCC) and from its transformations, like, linear discriminant analysis (LDA) and maximum likelihood linear transforms (MLLT) are obtained from Kannada speech data files. At that point, the system is trained to evaluate the hidden Markov model (HMM) parameters for continuous speech (CS) data. The persistent Kannada speech information is gathered from 2600 speakers (1560 men and 1040women) of the age bunch in the scope of 14 years-80 years. The speech information is acquired from different geographical regions of the Karnataka (one of the 29 states situated in the southern part of India) state under degraded condition. It comprises of 21,551 words that spread 30 locales. The performance evaluation of both monophone and triphone models concerning word error rate (WER) is done and the obtained results are compared with the standard databases such as TIMIT and aurora4. A significant reduction in WER is obtained for triphone models. The speech recognition (SR) rate is verified for both offline and online recognition mode for all the speakers. The results reveal that the recognition rate (RR) for Kannada speech corpus has got a better improvement over the state-of-the-art existing databases.

Keywords: Automatic Speech Recognition, Continuous Speech, Kannada Dialect, Kaldi Toolkit, Monophone, Triphone, HMM, WER.
Scope of the Article: Patterns and Frameworks