ATiO3 (A = Ca, Sr, Ba & BP) Pervoskites in Cubic and Tetragonal Phase using TB-LMTO-ASA Method
K. Stalindurai1, R. Vettumperumal2

1K. Stalindurai, Department of Chemistry, Kalasalingam Academy of Research and Education, Krishnankoil (Tamil Nadu), India. 

2R. Vettumperumal, Department of Physics, Merit Arts and Science College, Idaikal (Tamil Nadu), India. 

Manuscript received on 06 December 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 18 December 2019 | Manuscript Published on 30 December 2019 | PP: 707-714 | Volume-9 Issue-2S2 December 2019 | Retrieval Number: B11701292S219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.B1170.1292S219

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Abstract: Ground state properties of ATiO3 (A = Ca, Sr, Ba & Pb) pervoskite structures in cubic and tetragonal phase were studied by tight binding linear muffin-tin orbital (TB-LMTO) method in the framework of density functional theory (DFT) with the atomic-sphere approximation (ASA). The total energy of all the compounds come under the above said structures have shown that the cubic phase is the stable structure in the ambient condition. Among these pervoskites maximum bulk modulus was obtained for BaTiO3 . Direct (cubic) and indirect (tetragonal) band gap was observed from the band structure calculations and the values fall within the range of 1.5 – 1.7 eV. Electron distribution of each element in the valence and conduction bands was clearly obtained from the density of states (DOS) and partial density of states (PDOS) for all the compounds. The magnetization values were found in the range of 0.4 – 0.56 x 10-5µB. The‘d’ orbital position of Ti was observed for all the ABO3 compounds and shifted away from the Fermi level except for Ti in BaTiO3 . The refractive indices of the pervoskites were calculated from the energy band gap and the value is above 3 for all the compounds.

Keywords: ATiO3 pervoskites (A = Ca, Sr, Ba & Pb); Band Structure and Density of States; Refractive Index and Ferromagnetism; Tight Binding Linear Muffin-Tin Orbital Method.
Scope of the Article: Bio-Science and Bio-Technology