Modeling of Motors for Electric Vehicles
S. Jensie Anita1, K. Boopathy2
1S. Jensie Anita, Assistant Professor, Department of EEE, AVIT, Chennai (Tamil Nadu), India.
2Dr. K. Boopathy, Professor, Department of EEE, AVIT, Chennai (Tamil Nadu), India.
Manuscript received on 13 November 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 21 December 2019 | Manuscript Published on 31 December 2019 | PP: 587-591 | Volume-9 Issue-2S4 December 2019 | Retrieval Number: B11861292S419/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.B1186.1292S419
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open-access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: In the present scenario, the reduction of greenhouse gases is mandatory in order to create a better environment. Since the pollution levels are rising at an alarmingly high rate the need to reduce the green-house emissions is of utmost importance, to make the earth a better place to live in. usage of fossil fuels for transportation is a major cause for pollution and emission of harmful gases into the atmosphere. Studies show that in 2017 alone an average of 1873 metric tons of Greenhouse gases was released into our atmosphere by the transportation sector alone. This level of pollution continues to accumulate over the years causing devastating changes to our atmosphere and in turn gravely affect our climate destroying our habitat and threatening our survival. The resulting climate changes and its unprecedented fluctuations that have been observed stand to prove that pollution is not something to be ignored the slightest. To overcome this, one of the best first steps to start with prefers Electric vehicles over the conventional Internal Combustion Engines. By switching over to Electric vehicles the pollution levels can be controlled to a greater extent. Due to the relative ease of manufacturing and application specific interest cause the electric drives to be used in different applications and over the years various electric drive systems like DC, Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor(PMSM),Brushless Direct Current Motors (BLDC)and switched reluctance motors (SRM)were developed. But each motor had its own advantages like better torque curve, better efficiency, lower power consumption and limitations like commutation issues, triggering, shorter life-span, high maintenance, more cost etc. which made it application specific rather than being all purpose. Different type of electric motor systems had different advantages that made it a better choice in specific applications. Even though this limited the use of these systems, this situation allowed the electric motor system to evolve into many types, each with their unique application in mind. This gives us an opportunity to have a vast selection of systems in front of us and enable us to choose the best system that meets our requirements. This paper reviews the different types of motors used in Electric vehicles based on the discussions and conclusions of various reputed journals consumption.
Keywords: Electric Vehicle, Green House Gases, Switched Reluctance Motor.
Scope of the Article: Green Networking