Spatial Distribution of Water Quality Parameters with using Gis
1T.Venkataraman*, Department of Civil Engineering, Government College of Engineering, Bodinayakkanur.
2Dr .N. Manikumari, Department of Civil Engineering, FEAT, Annamalai University, Annamalainagar.
Manuscript received on November 15, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 24 November, 2019. | Manuscript published on December 10, 2019. | PP: 3936-3941 | Volume-9 Issue-2, December 2019. | Retrieval Number: B6863129219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.B6863.129219
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The present paper describes the application of GIS to study the spatial and temporal variations of some important water quality parameters in the Veeranam tank drainage basin of cuddalore district, Tamil Nadu, South India. The water quality parameters were depicted by various colour combinations for different ranges of concentrations. Twenty four (24) groundwater samples were collected from bore wells for two different seasons, pre monsoon in July 2015 and postmonsoon in January 2016. The collected water samples were analyzed for chemical constituents, such as chloride, sulphate, bicarbonate, carbonate, nitrate, sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium in the laboratory, by following the standard procedures described by the American Public Health Association (APHA 1998). Spatial distribution map for Electrical conductivity, Hardness, Calcium, Magnesium, Sulphate and Chloride in pre-monsoon and post monsoon samples was generated by ArcGIS 9.3 software. The study implies that the quality of groundwater is generally good and potable in the nearby Veeranam lake and the quality becomes moderate as it passes away from Veeranam tank of the study area.
Keywords: GIS, Groundwater, Spatial Distribution, Veeraam tank
Scope of the Article: Water Supply and Drainage