Technology and Technical Equipment Ensuring a Sustainable Profile and Design Slope for Waterfurnishing
Bakhtiyar Matyakubov1, Adiljan Atajanov2, Davronbek Yulchiyev3
1Bakhtiyar Matyakubov*, Department of Irrigation and Melioration, Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers (TIIAME), Tashkent, Uzbekistan.
2Adiljan Atajanov, Senior Teacher of the Department “Mechanization of Irrigation and Drainage Works”, (TIIAME) Tashkent, Uzbekistan.
3Davronbek Yulchiyev, Assistant of the Department “Irrigation and land reclamation”, (TIIAME) Tashkent, Uzbekistan.
Manuscript received on November 16, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 27 November, 2019. | Manuscript published on December 10, 2019. | PP: 3687-3691 | Volume-9 Issue-2, December 2019. | Retrieval Number: B7069129219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.B7069.129219
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: RThe article is devoted to the issues of water conservation and efficient use of water resources by improving the existing methods of irrigation through the furrows and the creation of new technical means ensuring the rational use of water and land resources during furrow irrigation, contributing to irrigation water savings. The proposed technology based on the fact that this measure is achieved by presenting changes and the automation of the working bodies of agricultural machinery involved in land reclamation measures, in particular, a furrow cutter and a bottom compactor. The technology allows for the production of agricultural industrial crops to use automated control of the working body when cutting furrows, to save water on irrigated areas and to achieve high yields due to the sustainable development of crops, and the proposed technical tool relates to agricultural machinery, especially a tool for caring of row crops, irrigated crops, the purpose of the invention, which is the creation of uneven compaction soil in the furrow bed along its length, with a change in soil density from the maximum value at the beginning and the minimum at the end, according to the irrigation method. The proposed technical tool is used for the device of uneven soil compaction in the furrow bed along the entire length, with a smooth change in soil density from maximum at the beginning and minimum at the end. The proposed technology and technical means provide: -increasing the efficiency of the use of water resources by creating a sustainable profile and design slope of the furrow saves irrigation water in the range of 10-12%; – water saving and energy saving by creating a stable profile and slope of the furrow of the irrigated field, providing high uniformity of moistening of the root layer of the soil along the entire length of the furrows, especially when cutting them, new laser technologies and highly efficient trailed technical means and production methods were used, providing material savings of 6- 8%.
Keywords: Furrow, Slope, Technology, Irrigation Technique, Technical Means, Water Resources, Fertile Watering, Irrigation, Water Charging, Planning, Root-Occupied Layer.
Scope of the Article: Water Supply and Drainage