Design and CFD Simulation of Solar Water Heater Used In Solar Assisted Biogas System
Lemi Negera Woyessa1, Basam.Koteswararao2, Balewgize A. Zeru3, P.Vijay4

1Lemi Negera Woyessa*, HOD, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Maddawalabu university, Bale Robe, Ethiopia.
2Basam.Koteswararao, Lecturer, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Maddawalabu university, Bale Robe, Ethiopia.
3Balewgize A. Zeru, PhD Candidate, Otto von Guericke University of Magdeburg, Germany. and Assistant. Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Jimma Institute of Technology, Jimma University.
4P.Vijay, Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, K.L.E.F, Vaddeswaram.
Manuscript received on December 18, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on December 26, 2019. | Manuscript published on January 10, 2020. | PP: 371-380 | Volume-9 Issue-3, January 2020. | Retrieval Number: B7463129219/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.B7463.019320
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Abstract: IDifficulty in collecting conventional energy sources as well as their economic benefits including saving of time ,money, fertilizer of higher nutrient value, availability of waste easy and comfortable cooking, health benefits including the reduction diseases and environmental benefits such as saving of forest, clear surrounding were the main motivational factors for this research. However, climate temperatures in areas are too low to enable enough biogas production in small unheated digesters to meet the energy requirements of the institute, so the objectives of were to overcome the problem of energy by solar assisted with the hot water storage tank. In this research mathematical modeling of the solar water heater was designed and the analysis of heat transfer coefficient (losses) through the flat plate collector was done and the techniques that used to reduce these losses also mentioned. From the simulation results; the effect of mesh type on flat plate collector, temperature rise, and pressure drop were characterized including flow type in the laminar and turbulent using CFD approach. The FPC was needed for the preparation of the hot water for the heating of the waste food for the selected fixed dome digester with 2m2 was designed. The effect of water mass flow rate 0.01-0.05kg/s on flat plate collector, temperature rise, pressure drop, and velocity was characterized including the variation of flow types intensity using CFD approach. The optimal temperature to this process was 37 °C.The results obtained have been validated with analytical results.
Keywords: CFD Simulation, Flat Plate Collector, Solar Assisted, Solar Water Heater, Solar radiation.
Scope of the Article: Network Modelling and Simulation